Nathanial hawthorne
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Nathanial Hawthorne. 1804-1864. allegory. A story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for abstract ideas or moral qualities Allegorical characters are often one-dimensional, since they are meant to represent only a particular aspect of human nature

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Nathanial Hawthorne

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Nathanial hawthorne

Nathanial Hawthorne

1804-1864


Allegory

allegory

  • A story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for abstract ideas or moral qualities

  • Allegorical characters are often one-dimensional, since they are meant to represent only a particular aspect of human nature

  • Allegories also contain a moral


Nathaniel hawthorne

Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • Born in Salem, MA on July 4th, 1804

  • His family had lost its wealth & fame by the time he was born

  • One of his ancestors served as a judge in the Salem Witch Trials & played a role in the hangings of 19 people

  • His father, a sea captain, died when Hawthorne was just 4

    • His grieving mother became a recluse

  • Attended a college in Maine

    • Classmates included Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Franklin Pierce

    • He was more interested in playing cards & drinking than studies


Nathaniel hawthorne1

Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • After graduating, returned to Salem

    • Locked himself in and tried to master the craft of writing for 12 years

    • In 1837he published a collection of stories Twice-Told Tales – just enough success to keep writing

    • In 1842, he married Sophia Peabody and settled in Concord, MA

      • Knew Emerson & Thoreau but weren’t close friends

    • In 1850, Hawthorne published The Scarlet Letter

      • The story of Hester Prynne, a girl who had an illegitimate child

      • She refused to reveal the baby’s father

      • Had to wear a scarlet A (adultery) on her chest


Nathaniel hawthorne2

Nathaniel Hawthorne

  • Published House of Seven Gables the following year

  • Served as the post of US consul in Liverpool for 7 years

  • Returned to America in 1860

    • Became despondent over health and money

  • Died in 1864 while visiting Pierce

    • Pallbearers included: Longfellow and Ralph Waldo Emerson


Other

Other --

  • Was aware of the guilt that accompanies the Puritan conscience

  • He became remote and distant

  • He wore black and a large cloak, often hiding his face

    • Walked with his head down; would exit from the back of the house when people knocked at the front

  • Didn’t handle aging and death well

    • People were cautioned not to mention his birthdays or aging


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