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Nathanial Hawthorne. 1804-1864. allegory. A story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for abstract ideas or moral qualities Allegorical characters are often one-dimensional, since they are meant to represent only a particular aspect of human nature

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allegory
allegory
  • A story or poem in which characters, settings, and events stand for abstract ideas or moral qualities
  • Allegorical characters are often one-dimensional, since they are meant to represent only a particular aspect of human nature
  • Allegories also contain a moral
nathaniel hawthorne
Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Born in Salem, MA on July 4th, 1804
  • His family had lost its wealth & fame by the time he was born
  • One of his ancestors served as a judge in the Salem Witch Trials & played a role in the hangings of 19 people
  • His father, a sea captain, died when Hawthorne was just 4
    • His grieving mother became a recluse
  • Attended a college in Maine
    • Classmates included Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Franklin Pierce
    • He was more interested in playing cards & drinking than studies
nathaniel hawthorne1
Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • After graduating, returned to Salem
    • Locked himself in and tried to master the craft of writing for 12 years
    • In 1837he published a collection of stories Twice-Told Tales – just enough success to keep writing
    • In 1842, he married Sophia Peabody and settled in Concord, MA
      • Knew Emerson & Thoreau but weren’t close friends
    • In 1850, Hawthorne published The Scarlet Letter
      • The story of Hester Prynne, a girl who had an illegitimate child
      • She refused to reveal the baby’s father
      • Had to wear a scarlet A (adultery) on her chest
nathaniel hawthorne2
Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • Published House of Seven Gables the following year
  • Served as the post of US consul in Liverpool for 7 years
  • Returned to America in 1860
    • Became despondent over health and money
  • Died in 1864 while visiting Pierce
    • Pallbearers included: Longfellow and Ralph Waldo Emerson
other
Other --
  • Was aware of the guilt that accompanies the Puritan conscience
  • He became remote and distant
  • He wore black and a large cloak, often hiding his face
    • Walked with his head down; would exit from the back of the house when people knocked at the front
  • Didn’t handle aging and death well
    • People were cautioned not to mention his birthdays or aging
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