John Ray 1627-1705. Father of English natural history. Born in Essex, England Parents – Dad –blacksmith Mom – herbalist, healer Passion for plants and the natural world From his mom’s interest in herbal plant remedies Devout Christian Married 1673 Margaret Oakley-
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From his mom’s interest in
herbal plant remedies
Married 1673 Margaret Oakley-
¾ daughters survived him
1645 : Ray’s predecessor in field studies and botany, Thomas Johnson, was killed while fighting for the Royalists.
Cambridge University educated:
The Peaks & North Wales, 1658The Lakes & Isle of Man, 1659The North & Scotland, 1661Wales & the South West, 1662
1655: Father died and he bought his mom a cottage “Dewlands”
1679: Returned to his birth place, Black Notley,after
the death of his mother, and moved into Dewlands.
Stayed in contact with scientific community by post
Samuel Dale, a local neighbor, helped Ray catalogue his specimens, including many insects
Sameul Dale was inspired to become a biologist as well!