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UNEP Workshop on Fisheries Subsidies and Sustainable Fisheries Management. World Fisheries: Current Status and Trends. Charlotte de Fontaubert, Ph.D. IUCN - Washington Office. The Numbers Game. Total World Production: 120.2 in 1996 128.8 in 2001 (+7%). But ….

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world fisheries current status and trends

UNEP Workshop on Fisheries Subsidies

and Sustainable Fisheries Management

World Fisheries:

Current Status and Trends

Charlotte de Fontaubert, Ph.D.

IUCN - Washington Office

the numbers game
The Numbers Game
  • Total World Production:
    • 120.2 in 1996 128.8 in 2001 (+7%)
  • But ….
    • Marine Catches: 96.9 97.6 (+0.7%)
    • Inland Catches: 23.3 31.2 (+ 33%)
  • And …
    • Mariculture: 10.8 15.1 (+39.8%)
    • Capture: 86.1 82.5 (-3.6%)
the rules of the game
The Rules of the Game
  • The China Exception:
    • World Figures without China
      • Total 88.3 86 (-2.6%)
      • Inland 10.6 13.1 (+23%)
      • Marine 77.7 72.9 (-6.17%)
  • World Marine Figures:
      • Capture 73.6 67.9 (-7.75%)
      • Mariculture 4.1 5.0 (+21%)
biological indicators
Biological Indicators
  • Fishing pressure continues to increase
  • The Number of underexploited and moderately exploited stocks continues to decline slightly (25% of known stocks)
  • The number of fully exploited stocks remains relatively stable (47%)
  • The number of overexploited (18%) and significantly depleted or recovering stocks (10%) is increasing slightly
but these numbers ignore two fundamental realities
But these numbers ignore two fundamental realities:
  • The need for an ecosystem approach to fisheries management
  • The need for a precautionary approach (it’s too late once the stocks have collapsed …)
so how are things out of the water
So how are things out of the water?
  • Governance is evolving:
    • Mostly at the regional level (RFMOs, SEAFO and Western and Central Pacific Ocean)
  • But also at the global level, through fisheries management initiatives (UNFSA, FAO IPOAs), but also through linkages with broader biodiversity issues (CBD)
  • And the two are intimately linked (FOCs)
trade has become a key component of fisheries management
Trade has become a key component of fisheries management
  • For better (ICCAT, CCAMLR)
  • Or for worse (negative impact of some subsidies - or why we are here today …)
  • And some would argue that the rules are still being developed (WTO v. MEAs)
the high seas time bomb
The High Seas Time-bomb

 Some of the problems are being displaced rather than addressed (access agreements, over-capacity)

 The problem with seamounts and other particularly fragile areas (biodiversity dimension)

 What is “fueling” this development?

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