Early childhood education social and emotional development
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Early Childhood Education: Social and Emotional Development. Dr. K. A. Korb University of Jos. Outline. Interpersonal Skills: Ability to relate with others Peer Relationships Child-Teacher Relationships Intrapersonal Skills: Ability to understand oneself Emotional Literacy Self Esteem

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Early Childhood Education: Social and Emotional Development

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Early childhood education social and emotional development

Early Childhood Education:Social and Emotional Development

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Outline

Outline

  • Interpersonal Skills: Ability to relate with others

    • Peer Relationships

    • Child-Teacher Relationships

  • Intrapersonal Skills: Ability to understand oneself

    • Emotional Literacy

    • Self Esteem

  • Assimilating into school culture

    • Behavior Management

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Erikson s stages of psychosocial development

Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Piaget s stages of cognitive development

Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Teaching social emotional skills

Teaching Social/Emotional Skills

  • Research has demonstrated that social skills are associated with school success (Denham & Burton, 2003)

    • Prosocial behaviors foster peer and teacher relationships

      • Helping, sharing, taking turns

    • Self-regulation skills hinder aggression

  • Social skills are associated with emotional competence

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Teaching social emotional skills1

Teaching Social/Emotional Skills

  • Preschool teachers strongly influence young children’s social-emotional development (Pianta & Stuhlman, 2004)

  • Formal vs. Informal teaching of social and emotional skills

    • Formal instruction in social and emotional skills results in positive child development

      • I Can Problem Solve

      • Al’s Pals: Kids Making Healthy Choices

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Teaching social emotional skills2

Teaching Social/Emotional Skills

  • Importance of teaching social/emotional skills:

    • Skills are necessary for children to be successful in school and the culture

    • Prevent behavior problems

  • Do not teach social skills only when problem behaviors occur

    • Problem has happened

    • Children are upset

    • Teacher attention may reinforce negative behavior

  • Teach social skills also before incidents happen

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Social and emotional development consists of

Social and Emotional Development consists of:

  • Sense of confidence and competence

  • Ability to form good relationships with peers and adults

  • Ability to identify, understand, and communicate feelings

  • Constructively managing strong emotions

  • Develop empathy

  • Ability to persist at tasks

  • Ability to follow directions

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Checklist of social skills mcclellan katz 1977

Checklist of Social Skills (McClellan & Katz, 1977)

  • Approaches peers positively

  • Clearly and appropriately expresses needs

  • Not easily intimidated by bullies

  • Expresses frustration and anger positively

  • Easily joins peers in work or play

  • Participates in discussions and activities

  • Ability to take turns

  • Shows an interest in peers

  • Can compromise with peers

  • Accepts people of diverse ethnic groups

  • Uses appropriate nonverbal communication

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Teaching peer interactions

Teaching Peer Interactions

  • Directly teach the social skill

  • Model the behavior

    • In person or with puppets

  • Allow for practice

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Teacher child relationships

Teacher-Child Relationships

  • Children will model the teacher’s behavior

    • Be courteous

    • Show interest in children’s lives

    • Ask for children’s input when possible

    • Develop close, caring relationships with the children

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Child environment relationship

Child – Environment Relationship

  • Teach children to become aware of and to take care of the environment

    • Pick up trash in and around the school yard

      • Study the trash – scientific observation skills

    • Plant trees

      • Biology

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Emotional literacy

Emotional Literacy

  • Types of Emotions

    • Core emotions: Joy, anger, sadness fear

    • Complex emotions: Frustration, annoyance, boredom, jealousy

  • Teaching Emotional Literacy

    • Recognize and label feelings

      • You must feel hurt.

    • Accept feelings

      • It is ok to feel hurt when your friend ignores you.

    • Encourage appropriate responses to feelings

      • What is a better way we can deal with these feelings?

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Managing conflict

Managing Conflict

  • Help the child accept their feelings as valid

  • Help the child verbalize emotions

  • Suggest alternative behaviors

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Managing anger

Managing Anger

  • Teach children:

    • That anger can interfere with problem solving

    • How to recognize anger in themselves and their peers

    • How to calm down

    • Appropriate ways to express anger

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Early childhood education social and emotional development

Turtle Technique

  • Recognize

  • that you

  • feel angry.

“Think”

Stop.

  • Go into shell. Take 3 deep breathes. And think calm, coping thoughts.

Come out of shell when calm and think of a solution.


Building self esteem

Building Self Esteem

  • Self-Esteem: How you feel about yourself

  • Three components (Kostelnik et al., 2006)

    • Competence: Accomplish goals

    • Worth: Valued by others

    • Control: Ability to influence environment

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Building self esteem1

Building Self Esteem

  • Daily Encouragement

    • Sincere, specific, regular attention to children

    • Point out the relationship between a child’s successes and their personal strengths

  • Planned Activities

    • VIP (Very Important Person) of the Week is allowed special privileges and an opportunity to share with the class

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Classroom activities to promote social emotional development

Classroom Activities to Promote Social/Emotional Development

  • What aspects of social or emotional development is the lesson aimed to teach?

  • What are the strengths of the lesson?

  • What would you improve to make the lesson more effective?

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Internet resources

Internet Resources

  • Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning: What Works Briefs

    • Promote young children’s emotional development

    • Present scientific evidence for best practices

    • http://www.vanderbilt.edu/csefel/

  • Activities to promote development for young children:

    • http://www.teacherquicksource.com/headstart/default.aspx

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


Revision

Revision

  • What social skills are necessary for young children to develop?

    • What are some strategies for teaching these social skills in ECE programs?

  • What emotional skills are necessary for young children to develop?

    • What are some strategies for teaching these social skills in ECE programs?

  • Why is teaching social and emotional skills important?

Dr. K. A. Korb

University of Jos


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