Truancy. The child is not in School ...Children under age 16The parent/guardian is responsible for attendanceChild is 16 or over Not legally ?truant" but absent. A Serious Problem. Our school leaders have said that 6500 students were absent without permission for 20 days or more in 2005.One of
1. Truancy Prevention An Integrated Approach
2. Truancy The child is not in School ...
Children under age 16
The parent/guardian is responsible for attendance
Child is 16 or over
Not legally “truant” but absent
3. A Serious Problem Our school leaders have said that 6500 students were absent without permission for 20 days or more in 2005.
One of every 20 students.
Many more absent 10-20 days!
4. Many Causes of Truancy Peer pressure
Lack of consequences & enforcement
School and student culture
Students are behind in school
Problems at school Family issues or family pressure to stay home
Mental health issues
Special Education needs
Behavioral issues and antisocial attitudes
Educational and curriculum problems
5. Why the Lack of Success The size of the problem has overwhelmed resources.
Truant students are often problem students.
Competing orientations (the “hammer problem”)
Cynicism … “nothing will be done” and “it won’t make any difference.”
6. 5 Prongs of a Successful Anti-Truancy Initiative
7. Do What You CanWith What You HaveWhere You Are! Theodore Roosevelt
8. The Guiding Principle Start where we are!
Begin with existing programs, procedures and available resources.
Don’t let the “ideal” destroy the possible.
9. 5 Prongs to a Successful Anti-Truancy Initiative Parent/Guardian Involvement
Effective Legal Action
Remediation and Intervention
10. The Current School and Legal Process
17. The Problem: The parent is often not in control of the child
The penalty not practical
Lack of follow-up & services
Children fall through the cracks
18. Existing Alternatives Child In Need of Assistance (CINA)
Child In Need of Supervision (CINS)
19. CINA Formalized and regulated process.
Abuse or neglect.
Social Service or Child Protective Services involvement.
Removal from the home.
20. CINS Habitual truancy or delinquency.
Anyone can file complaint.
Burden on DJS to investigate.
Commitment to DJS.
Not a priority for DJS.
21. The New Prince George’s Pilot Truancy Reduction Program(Truancy Court)
22. A focused and simplified CINS
Similar to pilot program on the Eastern Shore
A civil proceeding – not criminal
Court hearing required
24. Mobilizes new resources
Targets the child (and parent)
Control over the out-of-control child
Fills a gap in current practice
25. What the Court Can Order the Child to Do Attend school
Get counseling or treatment
Have a mental health evaluation or get treatment
Keep a curfew
Other steps to ensure attendance
26. The child cannot be locked up in a secure facility.
There is no criminal record.
The legal standard for everyone is “the best interests of the child.”
28. Implementation Steps Task Force to study Feasibility and recommendation to do so
Funding in FY2009 Budget
Begin in September 2009
29. Key Actors Judge Maureen Lamasney
Administrative Office of Courts
Board of Education
Dept of Social Services
Department of Juvenile Justice
State’s Attorney’s Office
Office of the Public Defender
30. Planned Process Referrals from Board of Ed
Screening by IAC
Truancy Court Case Manager
Family Evaluation (“lite”)
Afternoon Court Sessions
Referrals to Services As Needed
Continuing Court Monitoring and Reinforcement
31. Do What You CanWith What You HaveWhere You Are!