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Processing speed and consciousness. Based around Jordan (2013). Who nose?. Try this: Person 1: Sit in a chair, eyes closed Person 2: Sit in another chair in front of you, facing the same way Person 3:

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processing speed and consciousness

Processing speed and consciousness

Based around Jordan (2013)

who nose
Who nose?
  • Try this:
    • Person 1:
      • Sit in a chair, eyes closed
    • Person 2:
      • Sit in another chair in front of you, facing the same way
    • Person 3:
      • Stand on right side of person 1. Take person 1’s right hand, and guide their index finger to person 2’s nose.
      • Use person 1’s hand to stroke and tap (mix it up) person 2’s nose in a random, unpredictable manner.
      • At the same time stroke and tap person 1’s nose using the EXACT same rhythm and stroke/tap combination.
      • Keep going for about a minute.
  • Get anything?
who nose1
Who nose?
  • What’s (where’s) the point?
    • Body image can be twisted within a few seconds.
    • Perception is about making things “work*”, no matter how weird or uncanny they seem.
      • *i.e. making connections between things
    • In this case, the only way to make sense of the simultaneous outstretched arm and nose contact is to grow a long nose (in perception anyway).
      • The ridiculousness of this, and yet it’s perceived reality, should convince you not to trust your senses too much
      • They are fooled in many other ways too, every time you move…
the illusion of conscious will
The illusion of conscious will?
  • Conscious thoughts cause actions, right?
    • Not according to Wegner (2002)
the illusion of conscious will1
The illusion of conscious will?
  • Wegner (2002):
    • Illusion of conscious control comes from:
      • Thoughts precede actions (priority)
      • Actions consistent with the preceding thoughts (consistency)
      • Thoughts are only available cause (exclusivity)
the illusion of conscious will2
The illusion of conscious will?
  • Wegner (2002):
    • Illusion of conscious control comes from:
      • Thoughts precede actions (priority)
        • But…Libet (1985)
          • Bereitschaftspotential…1s before movement
          • Conscious intention only 200ms before movement
the illusion of conscious will3
The illusion of conscious will?
  • Wegner (2002):
    • Illusion of conscious control comes from:
      • Actions consistent with the preceding thoughts (consistency)
        • But…
        • Feelings of control emerge in chance events, even though they are patently chance events
          • Simple previous success leads to inaccurate feelings of control
the illusion of conscious will4
The illusion of conscious will?
  • Wegner (2002):
    • Illusion of conscious control comes from:
      • Thoughts are only available cause (exclusivity)
        • But…
        • RT task
        • You do the task, someone else sits behind you with their hand resting over yours
        • Participants in this scenario attributed 37% of errors to other person, despite the other person not touching them
      • Sense of agency is an illusion.
the illusion of conscious will5
The illusion of conscious will?
  • Jordan (2013)
    • Perhaps the problem is how we see consciousness
      • Thoughts are not to cause actions
      • The relationship is rather more complex than that…
    • James (1890)
      • What is pre-specified is the outcome, not the movement
        • Resident: immediate proprioceptive and other sensory consequences
        • Remote: seeing, hearing
        • Very remote: role of movement within other plans (e.g. making breakfast)
multi scale effect control
Multi-Scale Effect Control
  • Jordan (2013)
    • All three sensible effects are
      • Pre-specified
      • Pre-specify effects that will result from movement
    • Jordan’s: this pre-specification of effects proceeds at “multiple time scales simultaneously”.
    • MSEC:
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