Arsenal of democracy
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“Arsenal of Democracy”. America and it’s growing role in the War. Germany Control’s Europe. Germany invades France in May, 1940 Dunkirk French and British forces forced to fall back Mass evacuation Nearly 340,000 evacuated to Britain France surrenders June 25, 1940 Pro-German Vichy France

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“Arsenal of Democracy”

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Arsenal of democracy

“Arsenal of Democracy”

America and it’s growing role in the War


Germany control s europe

Germany Control’s Europe

  • Germany invades France in May, 1940

  • Dunkirk

    • French and British forces forced to fall back

    • Mass evacuation

      • Nearly 340,000 evacuated to Britain

  • France surrenders June 25, 1940

    • Pro-German Vichy France

    • French Resistance will continue through-out war


Germany and britain

Germany and Britain

  • Plan

    • Destroy coastal defenses

    • Pound the British with repeated attacks

    • Cross Channel invasion

  • Blitz

    • 24 hr bombing of Britain begins Sept. 7, 1940

      • Will last until May 1941

  • Plan scrapped

    • Italy has trouble with Greece

      • Germany forced to assist

    • Prepare for larger invasion


Operation barbarossa

Operation Barbarossa

  • Germany plans to invade Russia in May 1941

    • Italy’s issues with Greece delay attack

  • Invasion begins June 22, 1941 with 4.5 million troops

    • Late start will come back to haunt Germany

  • Move quickly

    • Control industrial center of Ukraine

    • Make it to Moscow Oct. 1941 but weather sets in

      • Duh moment

  • Stalled in Leningrad


The united state 1940 1941

The United State 1940-1941

  • Dec. 1940

    • FDR addresses the nation

      • America will remain out of war

      • Will supply Allied powers

        • “Arsenal of Democracy”

    • FDR’s plans

      • 185,000 aircraft

      • 120,000 tanks


Preparation for war

Preparation for War

  • Selective Service Act of 1940

    • Fill 90 Divisions

    • 16.4 million will serve by end of war

    • African-Americans

      • Represent 10% of population, but only 6% of Armed forces

        • Marines: No blacks until 1943

        • Navy: crew service and dock workers

        • Army: non-combat

        • Army Air Corps: Tuskegee Airmen


From car to tanks

From Car to Tanks

  • Office of Price Administration

    • Regulate prices and rationing

  • Office of War Mobilization

    • Major corporations will reconvert to war materials

      • Major contracts go to larger corporations


American priorities

American Priorities

  • America adopts a “Europe First Policy”

    • Cemented in June 1941 with German invasion of Russia

      • Planners agree Russia will not hold out

  • Japan

    • Diplomacy and US Navy will keep “Those folks in line”


A date which will live

“A Date Which Will Live…”

America Enters the War


Pearl harbor hawaii

Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

  • Nov. 26, 1941

    • Japanese fleet including 6 aircraft carriers leave Japan

  • Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941

    • 6:05 am: First Wave take off

      • 183 planes

    • 6:55 am USS Ward sinks a midget sub near harbor

    • 7:51 the attack begins

      • A second wave of 173 planes does most damage to fleet


Day of infamy

“Day of Infamy”

  • Aftermath of the attack

    • 4 battleships sunk

    • 4 battleships damaged

    • 350 aircraft destroyed

    • 3 destroyers and 3 cruisers sunk

    • 2,402 killed

      • 1,117 on the USS Arizona

      • 68 civilians killed

  • Doris “Dorie” Miller

    • Cook on USS W. Virginia

    • Takes up a .50 caliber in defense

    • Wins Navy Cross

    • Dies in battle Dec. 7, 1943


We have awaken a sleeping giant

“We Have Awaken a Sleeping Giant”

  • Accomplishments

    • Knocks out the US battleship fleet

    • Knocks out Pacific Fleet’s ability to defend Pacific

      • Opens door to further invasions

  • Failures

    • Failed to send 3rd wave

    • Carrier Fleet out at sea

    • Sub piers, fuel and ammo depots, shipyards, and head quarters not attacked

    • Brought America into WWII


Not just pearl

Not Just Pearl

  • Pearl was meant to take out US Navy

  • Japanese quickly advance through Pacific

    • Take Hong Kong, Guam, Wake Island

    • Destroy US planes on Philippines

      • Begin invasion

    • Make their way South

      • Goal: Block and take out Australia


The world is on fire

The World is on Fire

  • Dec. 8, 1941

    • FDR calls a special session of Congress

    • Address the nation on the attacks on Pearl Harbor

    • Congress quickly passes a declaration of war

  • Dec. 11, 1941

    • Germany and Italy declare war on the US


Battle for bataan

Battle for Bataan

  • Japanese invade Philippines Dec. 22, 1941

  • US and Filipino troops forced to Bataan Peninsula and Corregidor Island

    • March 12, 1942 General MacArthur forced by FDR to Australia

  • April 9, 1942: Gen. King surrenders Bataan

  • May 1942: Corregidor falls


Death march

Death March

  • 63,000 Filipino and 12,000 Americans surrender

    • Japanese unprepared for the amount

    • Forced march to Camp O’Donnell

      • 62 miles

    • Atrocities are numerous

    • 650 Americans and 5,000 to 9,000 Filipinos die

    • Only 350 Americans will survive the POW camps


Doolittle raid

Doolittle Raid

  • April 16, 1942

  • 16 B-25 bombers take off from the USS Hornet

    • Led by Jimmy Doolittle

  • Make bombing run over Tokyo

  • Minimal damage

    • But morale lifted

  • 71 of 80 pilots return home


Europe first

Europe First

North Africa and the Mediterranean


2 nd front

2nd Front

  • Stalin wants a 2nd European Front

    • Soviet are being slaughtered in East

  • Churchill

    • Focus on Mediterean

      • Africa, Italy, Balkans

  • FDR

    • Wants 2nd front

    • Agrees with Churchill

      • Front pushed off for invasion of Africa


North africa prior to us

North Africa Prior to US

  • Italian’s hope to capture Egypt and Suez Canal

    • Both controlled by British

  • Operation Compass

    • Italy invades Egypt

    • British push them back to Tunisia

  • German Intervention

    • Post Greece fall

    • German’s under Erwin Rommel enter battle


Operation torch

Operation Torch

  • Joint US and British Invasion of North Africa

    • East to West attack

  • US takes Vichy French Morocco

  • British take Oran and Algiers


Battle of kasserine pass

Battle of Kasserine Pass

  • Feb. 1943

    • Untested Americans against Rommel’s Panzer division

    • US force routed

  • Gen. Patton takes charge of US forces

    • Whips them into shape

    • Meets Panzers again

      • US takes this one

      • Rommel is gone


El alamein

El Alamein

  • 1st Battle

    • Stalemate

  • 2nd Battle

    • Erwin “The Desert Fox” Rommel (Ger.)vs. Bernard Montgomery (Brit)

    • British Defeat Germans

    • Turn tide of Africa campaign

    • Rommel ordered back to Germany


Tehran conference

Tehran Conference

  • Nov. 28-Dec. 1, 1943

  • 1st meeting of the Big 3

    • Stalin, FDR, & Churchill

  • Accomplishment

    • 2nd Front agreed to

      • Take place in May, 1944

    • United Nations created

    • Push to get Turkey on side of allies

    • Borders of Poland accomplished


Operation mincemeat the man who never was

Operation Mincemeat: “The man who Never Was”

  • Attempt to fool Germans about planned invasion of Sicily

  • British officer with documents dropped in Med.

    • Documents report planned invasion

    • Germans fall for deception


Operation huskey

Operation Huskey

  • July 9, 1943

  • Joint US and British invasion of Sicily

    • US take West and British East

      • US to act as support

        • Patton not happy

  • Race to Messina

    • Patton takes Palermo in record speed

    • US wins race

      • At a price


Aftermath of sicily

Aftermath of Sicily

  • Aug. 3, 1943

    • Patton visits military hospital

    • Charles Kuhl is a shell shocked soldier

    • Enraged Patton slaps him

      • Reported

      • Nearly ends his career

  • German forces retreat to Italy before Messina falls

    • Now much larger force for allies to worry about


Operation avalanche

Operation Avalanche

  • FDR opposed to Italy invasion

    • Wants material to be used for 2nd European Front

    • Churchill wins

    • Stalin upset

  • Sept. 3, 1943

    • US and British forces land in Salerno, Italy


Italy falls

Italy Falls

  • Italy surrenders Sept. 8, 1943

    • Germany takes control

  • Stalemate

  • Second US invasion at Anzio

  • Italy campaign officially ends with end of European war

  • Mussolini

    • Executed on April 28, 1945

    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Execution_of_Mussolini_(1945).ogg


End of fascism in italy

End of Fascism in Italy


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