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Inter-Athletic Council of Officials. New Official’s Basketball Class Module 12 Foul Calling. Foul Calling. At the completion of this Module the student should: Understand what is the different types of fouls are Understand the difference between player and team control fouls

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Inter athletic council of officials

Inter-Athletic Council of Officials

New Official’s Basketball Class

Module 12

Foul Calling


Foul calling

Foul Calling

  • At the completion of this Module the student should:

    • Understand what is the different types of fouls are

    • Understand the difference between player and team control fouls

    • Know what a the implications of a double foul

    • Know where the foul calling area is located


Key terms

Key Terms

  • Airborne Shooter

  • Contact

  • Incidental Contact

  • Verticality

  • Blocking

  • Charging

  • Hand Check

  • Holding

  • Illegal Use of Hands

  • Player-Control

  • Team Control Foul

  • Pushing

  • Screening

  • Intentional Foul

  • Flagrant Foul

  • Shooting Foul

  • Fighting


Foul reporting mechanics

Foul Reporting Mechanics


Foul reporting procedure

Foul Reporting Procedure

  • Call the Foul

    • Give foul called signal

  • Give Preliminary Signal (Required)

    • Example:

      • Hold

      • Push

      • Hand-checking

      • Illegal Use of Hand

      • Player-Control Foul

      • Team Control Foul


Foul reporting procedure1

Foul Reporting Procedure

  • Inform Partners of situation

    • Out of bounds spot

    • Shooting Fouls

    • Bonus

    • Free throw shooter (if necessary)

  • Hustle to the reporting area

    • Completely stop when you get there

    • No walking and talking


Foul reporting procedure2

Foul Reporting Procedure

  • Report with strong voice

    • Color

    • Number

    • NO POINTING TO THE BENCH

  • Give signal you reported at the spot of the foul

  • Status of the ball

    • Free throws

    • Throw-in spot


Foul reporting area

Foul Reporting Area

Bench

Table

Bench

T

L

L

T


Inter athletic council of officials

Preliminary Signal

Stop the clock

What are we doing next?

(Appropriate Signal)


Trail calls foul half court

Trail calls Foul (Half court)

T

Bench

Table

Bench

L

L

3

3

5

5

4

4

2

Foul

2

1

1

T


Lead calls foul half court

Lead Calls Foul (Half court)

T

Bench

Table

Bench

Foul

L

3

3

L

5

5

2

2

4

4

1

1

T


Example proper foul sequence

Example: Proper Foul Sequence


Non calling official

Non-calling official

  • When foul is called

    • Freeze your eyes

    • Move to throw-in spot or FT lane

    • DO NOT CHASE THE BALL DOWN!!!!


All officials

All officials

  • Take your time

  • Get the administration of foul right

  • Dead ball officiating is sometimes more important than live ball officiating

  • Hustle to get ball back in play

  • Make sure all officials are in position and ready to go before putting ball back in play


Foul calling review

Foul Calling Review

  • Is severe contact allowed by the rules?

  • Can a defender move after establishing Legal Guarding Position?

  • When do you call a flagrant foul?

  • What is considered fighting?

  • How many free throws do you award during an intentional foul?

  • Who do you call a player control foul on?

  • When do you file a Special Report?


Contact

Contact


Contact1

Contact

  • Rule 10-6

  • Players shall not:

    • Hold, Push, charge, trip or impede progress of an opponent by extending arm(s), shoulder(s), hip(s) or knee(s) or by bending his/her body into other than normal position; nor use any rough tactics


Legal guarding position

Legal Guarding Position


Legal guarding position1

Legal Guarding Position

Rule 4-23

  • Guarding is an act to place the body in the path of an offensive opponent.

  • Obtaining LGP

    • Player must have both feet on the floor

    • Front of the player’s torso must be facing the opponent


Legal guarding position2

Legal Guarding Position

  • Maintaining LGP

    • Player may have one or both feet on the playing court or be airborne provided they have inbound status.

    • Does not have to face opponent

    • Player may move laterally or obliquely to maintain position, provided they are not moving towards opponent

    • Player may raise hands or jump within his/her vertical plane

    • Player may turn or duck to absorb the shock or imminent contact


Legal guarding position3

Legal Guarding Position

  • Time and distance is never a factor before contact

  • If opponent with the ball is airborne, the player must have maintained LGP before opponent left the floor


Airborne shooter

Airborne Shooter


Airborne shooter1

Airborne Shooter

  • Definition

    • Player that has released the ball on a try for goal

    • Player that has tapped the ball

    • Airborne shooter is considered in the act of shooting

    • Considered a shooter until player has returned to the floor


Airborne shooter example

Airborne shooter example


Shooting foul

Shooting foul


Shooting foul1

Shooting Foul

  • Starts with contact during the habitual motion to the basket

  • Contact applies on a try or tap for goal

  • Shooting player is allowed to finish motion to the basket

  • Being on or off the floor are not factors


Example shooting foul

Example: Shooting foul


Example continuous motion

Example: Continuous Motion


Example continuous motion1

Example: Continuous Motion


Player control foul

Player-Control Foul


Player control

Player-Control

  • Any common foul involving the ball carrier

  • Airborne shooter is still considered in player control even if ball is not in his/her hands


Player control foul1

Player Control Foul


Defender jumps

Defender Jumps


Example lgp and pc foul

Example: LGP and PC Foul


Example replay

Example: Replay


Incidental contact

Incidental Contact


Incidental contact1

Incidental Contact

  • Rule 4-27

  • Incidental Contact is contact with an opponent which is permitted and which does not constitute a foul

  • 10 Players moving rapidly there is bound to be contact


Incidental contact2

Incidental Contact

  • Contact which may result when opponents are in equally favorable positions to perform normal defensive or offensive movements, should not be considered illegal, even though contact may be severe

  • Similarly, contact which does not hinder the opponent from normal defensive or offensive movement, should be considered incidental.


Example incidental contact

Example: Incidental Contact


Verticality

Point of Emphasis 2011-2012

Verticality


Verticality1

Verticality


Inter athletic council of officials

Mark Cladis - JBOJeffrey Rutledge & Octavio Herrera


Verticality2

Verticality

  • Point of Emphasis 2010-2011

  • Applies to a legal position

  • Legal Guarding Position must be obtained

  • Defender may rise or jump vertically

  • Offensive player is responsible for clearing out or causing contact with a vertical player

  • Defender cannot “belly up” or use lower body on offensive player

  • Player with the ball is not given special protection over the defender


Inter athletic council of officials

Example: Verticality


Verticality3

Verticality


Example verticality

Example: Verticality


Example verticality1

Example: Verticality


Blocking

Blocking


Blocking1

Blocking

  • Not being in Legal Guarding Position

  • Contact mostly with the torso

  • Often called for illegal screens


Pushing or charging

Pushing or Charging


Pushing or charging1

Pushing or Charging

  • Moving into an opponent

  • Using arms to impede an opponent


Hand checking

POINT OF EMPHISIS 2011-2012

Hand checking


Hand checking1

Hand Checking

  • Defending may not use arm(s) to move, direct, stop or impede and opponent with the ball

  • Two hands on an opponent is by rule a foul

  • Not called enough or consistently


Hand checking2

Hand Checking

  • Judgment Guideline:

    • RSBQ

      • Rhythm

      • Speed

      • Balance

      • Quickness

  • If any of these are changed “Call the foul, players will adjust”


Inter athletic council of officials

Example: Hand checking


Example hand checking

Example: Hand checking


Example hand checking1

Example: Hand checking


Example hand checking2

Example: Hand checking


Holding

Holding


Holding1

Holding

  • Players my not use arms to hold an opponent to impede their progress


Illegal use of hands

Illegal Use of Hands


Illegal use of hands1

Illegal Use of Hands

  • Players may not strike, slap or grab the hands, arms or jersey of an opponent

  • “Reaching in” is not a foul


Team control foul

Team Control foul


Team control

Team Control

  • Any common foul committed by the any player of the team in control of the ball

  • Applies mostly on screens, post play or interrupted dribbles

  • Does not applyon try for goals, taps, rebounding or free-throws

  • New Rule added for throw-In when the ball is at the disposal of the thrower (4-12-2d)


Screening

POINT OF EMPHISIS 2011-2012

Screening


Screening basics

Screening Basics

  • Two types of screens

    • In the field of vision

    • Blind

  • Screener can face any direction

  • Time and distance are relevant

  • “Moving screen” is not a foul


Screening basics1

Screening Basics

  • Screener must be stationary, except when both (screener and screened player) are moving in the same path and direction

  • Screener must stay in his/her vertical plane with a stance shoulder width apart


Displacement on screens

Displacement on Screens

Legal Screen

Illegal Screen


Blind screens

Blind Screens

  • Must allow a step of the screened player


Example illegal screen

Example: Illegal Screen


Rebounding

POINT OF EMPHISIS 2011-2012

Rebounding


Rebounding1

Rebounding

To obtain legal rebounding position, players my not:

  • Displace, charge, or push and opponent

  • Extend shoulders, hips, knees or extend the arms or elbows fully or position other than vertically

  • Bend in an abnormal position to hold or displace an opponent

  • Violate the principles of verticality


Rebounding action

Rebounding Action

  • Everyone has a right to their position on the floor

  • Boxing out

    • Holding your position is allowed

    • Does not include “backing out” or pushing

  • Verticality also applies to rebounding plays


Example rebounding foul

Example: Rebounding Foul


Example rebounding foul1

Example: Rebounding Foul


Post play

POINT OF EMPHISIS 2011-2012

Post Play


Post play1

Post Play

  • Lead Official is mostly responsible for post players

  • Primary coverage is largely in the post

  • Identify who these players are early

  • Each player has right to position on the floor

  • Offense does not get special consideration


Post play2

Post Play

  • Point of Emphasis 2011-2012:

    • When a player dislodges an opponent from an established position by pushing or “backing in” is a foul

    • When a player uses hands, forearms or elbows to prevent an opponent from maintaining a legal position, it is a foul


Inter athletic council of officials

Do not only penalize the defense for rough action


Double and simultaneous fouls

Double and Simultaneous fouls


Double fouls

Double Fouls

  • Fouls committed by opponent against each other at approximately the same time

  • Can be personal or technical


Simultaneous foul

Simultaneous Foul

  • A Personal or Technical Foul by opponents is a situation which there is a foul by both teams which occur approximately at the same time, but are not committed by opponents against each other


Point of interruption

Point of Interruption


Point of interruption1

Point of Interruption

  • Rule 4-36-1

  • Applies to

    • Double Personal Fouls

    • Double Technical Fouls

    • Simultaneous Fouls

  • Also applies to accidental whistles, an interrupted game or correctable errors


Multiple foul

Multiple Foul


Multiple foul1

Multiple Foul

  • A foul where two or more teammates commit personal fouls against the same opponent at approximately the same time.

  • Pick one or the other player

  • Do not call this!!!!!!


False definition fouls

False definition Fouls


False fouls

False Fouls

  • False Double Foul

    • Rule 4-19-9

  • False multiple Fouls

    • Rule 4-19-12

  • These are “technical” definitions, not something you actually call, but is a result of things called


Intentional foul

Intentional Foul


Intentional foul1

Intentional Foul

  • A personal or technical foul which neutralizes an opponent’s obvious advantageous position

  • Contact away from the ball

  • Not making a legitimate attempt to play the ball


Intentional foul2

Intentional Foul

  • May or may not be predetermined

  • Are not solely based on severity of contact

  • Should be called if excessive contact is caused by an opponent

  • Contact with the thrower-in

    • New Rule Clarification

    • Foul goes to offender


Intentional foul3

Intentional Foul

Penalty:

  • Award two shots and the ball on most intentional fouls

  • Award three shots and the ball on missed three point attempts

  • Basket goes in during a shot, always award 2 (or 3) points and the ball nearest the spot of the foul

  • Always the offended player shoots the free throws

    • Exception: Injury to offended player


Example intentional foul

Example: Intentional Foul


Flagrant fouls

Flagrant Fouls


Flagrant foul

Flagrant Foul

  • Personal or Technical foul that is considered violent or savage in nature

  • Non-contact technical foul which displays unacceptable in nature

  • May or may not be committed on purpose


Flagrant foul1

Flagrant Foul

  • If a personal foul, a flagrant foul involves but is not limited to a violent contact such as:

    • Striking

    • Kicking

    • Kneeing

  • If Technical, it involves dead ball contact or non-contact which is considered extreme or persistent, vulgar or abusive contact


  • Technical fouls

    Technical Fouls


    Technical foul

    Technical Foul

    • A foul by a non-player

    • A non-contact foul by a player

    • An intentional or flagrant contact foul while the ball is dead (except airborne shooter)


    Technical foul1

    Technical Foul

    • Team Technical (Rule 10-1)

      • Charged to team and not coach or player

        • Failing to supply the scorer with the proper information at the 10 minute mark

        • Using a television monitor or computer as a replay device for coaching purposes/use of megaphone or electronic transmission device (cell phone)

        • Failure to occupy team bench area

        • Allowing the game to develop into an actionless contest (5 items specifically)


    Technical foul2

    Technical Foul

    • Team Technical (Rule 10-1)

      • Charged to team and not coach or player

        • More than 5 players on the court

        • Request an excess time-out

        • Commit and unsporting foul

        • Fail to have all players return to the court at the same time following a time-out or intermission

        • Allow players to lock arms or grasp a teammate(s) in an effort to restrict the movement of an opponent


    Technical foul3

    Technical Foul

    • Substitute Technical (Rule 10-2-1)

      • A substitute shall not enter the court:

        • Without reporting to the scorer

        • Without being beckoned by an official, except between quarters


    Technical foul4

    Technical Foul

    • Player Technical

      • A player shall not:

        • Participate after changing their number without reporting it to the scorer or official

        • Purposely and/or deceitfully delay returning after legally being out of bounds

        • Grasp either basket during the official’s jurisdiction

          • Before the game

          • Halftime

        • Illegally contact the basket or ring (explain later in class)

        • Delaying the game (4 items)


    Technical foul5

    Technical Foul

    • Player Technical

      • A player shall not:

        • Commit and unsporting foul (included and not limited to)

          • Disrespectfully addressing/contacting an official or gesture that incites resentment

          • Using profane and inappropriate language or obscene gestures

          • Baiting and taunting an opponent

          • Purposely obstructing an opponent’s vision by waving or placing hand(s) near his/her eyes

          • Climbing on or lifting a teammate to secure greater height

          • Using tobacco or smokeless tobacco

          • Removing the jersey and/or pants/skirt within the visual confines of the playing area


    Technical foul6

    Technical Foul

    • Player Technical

      • A player shall not:

        • Intentionally or flagrantly contact an opponent when the ball is dead and such contact is not a personal foul

        • Fighting

          • ONLY A FLAGRANT FOUL

        • Goaltending during a free throw

        • Reach through the throw-in boundary-line plane and touch or dislodge ball


    Technical foul7

    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      • Head coach is responsible for the conduct of his/her bench’s behavior which includes:

        • Assistant coaches

        • Substitutes

        • Disqualified team members

        • Trainers

        • Scorekeepers

        • Anyone else on the team bench


    Technical foul8

    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      • Head coach is responsible for the conduct of his/her bench’s behavior which includes:

        • Commit an unsporting foul, included but not limited to

          • Most acts listed under Player Technical section

          • Objecting to an official’s decision by rising from the bench or using gestures

          • Inciting undesired crowd reactions

          • Fighting

          • Removing jersey and/or pants/skirts within the confines of the playing area


    Technical foul9

    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      • Head coach is responsible for the conduct of his/her bench’s behavior which includes:

        • Enter the court unless by permission of an official to attend to an injured player

        • Use tobacco or smokeless tobacco


    Technical foul10

    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      • Head coach is responsible for the conduct of his/her bench’s behavior which includes:

        • Stand a the team bench while the clock is running or stopped and must remain seated except:

          • The head coach

          • When a team member is reporting to the scorer’s table

          • During a charged Timeout or intermission between quarters and extra periods

          • Spontaneously reacting to outstanding play by team member or acknowledge a replaced player(s) but must immediately return to his/her seat


    Technical foul11

    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      Results in two types of foul classifications:

      • Direct technical

        • charged to the head coach because of his/her actions or permitting a player to participate after they have been disqualified

      • An Indirect Technical

        • charged to the head coach as a result of a bench technical being assessed to bench personnel or a technical being assessed to a team member for dunking or grasping the ring during pre-game warm-ups


    Technical foul12

    Technical Foul

    • Head coach can be disqualified or ejected with Combination of:

      • 3 Technical Fouls (1 Direct and 2 Indirect/3 Indirect)

      • 2 Technical Fouls

      • 1 Flagrant Technical Foul

    • Player can be ejected by being called for:

      • 2 Technical Fouls

      • 1 Flagrant Technical Foul

      • 1 Flagrant Foul

      • 5 Personal fouls is a disqualification

        • Technical and common fouls go to the 5 fouls for disqualification


    Technical foul13

    Technical Foul

    Penalty:

    • All Technical Fouls give 2 shots and the ball to the offended team.

    • Point of Interruptionon all Double Technical Fouls


    Fighting

    Fighting


    Fighting1

    Fighting

    • Fighting is a flagrant act when the ball is live or dead

    • Attempting to strike, punch or kick by using fist, hands, arms, legs or feet with or without contact

    • Attempting to instigate a fight by committing an unsporting act that causes a person to retaliate by fighting

    • Ejection is required for fighting


    Example fighting

    Example: Fighting


    Ihsa special reports

    Ihsa Special reports


    Special reports

    Special Reports

    • An IHSA Special Report should be filed:

      • When any ejected player, coach or fan

      • 24 hours after the contest

      • Online form on your personal IHSA Webpage

      • Be specific in report

      • Not to be used for a player that fouls out of game

      • Between the IHSA and the offended party what penalty will ultimately be

      • Once the decision is made, it cannot be taken back!!!

      • Can also be used for non ejection events


    Foul calling review1

    Foul Calling Review

    • Is severe contact allowed by the rules?

    • Can a defender move after establishing Legal Guarding Position?

    • When do you call a flagrant foul?

    • What is considered fighting?

    • How many free throws do you award during an intentional foul?

    • Who do you call a player control foul on?

    • When do you file a Special Report?


    Module 12

    Module 12

    Questions?

    New Officials Basketball Class

    Module 12

    Foul Calling


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