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Inter-Athletic Council of Officials. New Official’s Basketball Class Module 12 Foul Calling. Foul Calling. At the completion of this Module the student should: Understand what is the different types of fouls are Understand the difference between player and team control fouls

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Inter athletic council of officials

Inter-Athletic Council of Officials

New Official’s Basketball Class

Module 12

Foul Calling


Foul calling
Foul Calling

  • At the completion of this Module the student should:

    • Understand what is the different types of fouls are

    • Understand the difference between player and team control fouls

    • Know what a the implications of a double foul

    • Know where the foul calling area is located


Key terms
Key Terms

  • Airborne Shooter

  • Contact

  • Incidental Contact

  • Verticality

  • Blocking

  • Charging

  • Hand Check

  • Holding

  • Illegal Use of Hands

  • Player-Control

  • Team Control Foul

  • Pushing

  • Screening

  • Intentional Foul

  • Flagrant Foul

  • Shooting Foul

  • Fighting



Foul reporting procedure
Foul Reporting Procedure

  • Call the Foul

    • Give foul called signal

  • Give Preliminary Signal (Required)

    • Example:

      • Hold

      • Push

      • Hand-checking

      • Illegal Use of Hand

      • Player-Control Foul

      • Team Control Foul


Foul reporting procedure1
Foul Reporting Procedure

  • Inform Partners of situation

    • Out of bounds spot

    • Shooting Fouls

    • Bonus

    • Free throw shooter (if necessary)

  • Hustle to the reporting area

    • Completely stop when you get there

    • No walking and talking


Foul reporting procedure2
Foul Reporting Procedure

  • Report with strong voice

    • Color

    • Number

    • NO POINTING TO THE BENCH

  • Give signal you reported at the spot of the foul

  • Status of the ball

    • Free throws

    • Throw-in spot


Foul reporting area
Foul Reporting Area

Bench

Table

Bench

T

L

L

T


Inter athletic council of officials

Preliminary Signal

Stop the clock

What are we doing next?

(Appropriate Signal)


Trail calls foul half court
Trail calls Foul (Half court)

T

Bench

Table

Bench

L

L

3

3

5

5

4

4

2

Foul

2

1

1

T


Lead calls foul half court
Lead Calls Foul (Half court)

T

Bench

Table

Bench

Foul

L

3

3

L

5

5

2

2

4

4

1

1

T



Non calling official
Non-calling official

  • When foul is called

    • Freeze your eyes

    • Move to throw-in spot or FT lane

    • DO NOT CHASE THE BALL DOWN!!!!


All officials
All officials

  • Take your time

  • Get the administration of foul right

  • Dead ball officiating is sometimes more important than live ball officiating

  • Hustle to get ball back in play

  • Make sure all officials are in position and ready to go before putting ball back in play


Foul calling review
Foul Calling Review

  • Is severe contact allowed by the rules?

  • Can a defender move after establishing Legal Guarding Position?

  • When do you call a flagrant foul?

  • What is considered fighting?

  • How many free throws do you award during an intentional foul?

  • Who do you call a player control foul on?

  • When do you file a Special Report?



Contact1
Contact

  • Rule 10-6

  • Players shall not:

    • Hold, Push, charge, trip or impede progress of an opponent by extending arm(s), shoulder(s), hip(s) or knee(s) or by bending his/her body into other than normal position; nor use any rough tactics



Legal guarding position1
Legal Guarding Position

Rule 4-23

  • Guarding is an act to place the body in the path of an offensive opponent.

  • Obtaining LGP

    • Player must have both feet on the floor

    • Front of the player’s torso must be facing the opponent


Legal guarding position2
Legal Guarding Position

  • Maintaining LGP

    • Player may have one or both feet on the playing court or be airborne provided they have inbound status.

    • Does not have to face opponent

    • Player may move laterally or obliquely to maintain position, provided they are not moving towards opponent

    • Player may raise hands or jump within his/her vertical plane

    • Player may turn or duck to absorb the shock or imminent contact


Legal guarding position3
Legal Guarding Position

  • Time and distance is never a factor before contact

  • If opponent with the ball is airborne, the player must have maintained LGP before opponent left the floor



Airborne shooter1
Airborne Shooter

  • Definition

    • Player that has released the ball on a try for goal

    • Player that has tapped the ball

    • Airborne shooter is considered in the act of shooting

    • Considered a shooter until player has returned to the floor




Shooting foul1
Shooting Foul

  • Starts with contact during the habitual motion to the basket

  • Contact applies on a try or tap for goal

  • Shooting player is allowed to finish motion to the basket

  • Being on or off the floor are not factors






Player control
Player-Control

  • Any common foul involving the ball carrier

  • Airborne shooter is still considered in player control even if ball is not in his/her hands







Incidental contact1
Incidental Contact

  • Rule 4-27

  • Incidental Contact is contact with an opponent which is permitted and which does not constitute a foul

  • 10 Players moving rapidly there is bound to be contact


Incidental contact2
Incidental Contact

  • Contact which may result when opponents are in equally favorable positions to perform normal defensive or offensive movements, should not be considered illegal, even though contact may be severe

  • Similarly, contact which does not hinder the opponent from normal defensive or offensive movement, should be considered incidental.






Verticality2
Verticality

  • Point of Emphasis 2010-2011

  • Applies to a legal position

  • Legal Guarding Position must be obtained

  • Defender may rise or jump vertically

  • Offensive player is responsible for clearing out or causing contact with a vertical player

  • Defender cannot “belly up” or use lower body on offensive player

  • Player with the ball is not given special protection over the defender







Blocking1
Blocking

  • Not being in Legal Guarding Position

  • Contact mostly with the torso

  • Often called for illegal screens



Pushing or charging1
Pushing or Charging

  • Moving into an opponent

  • Using arms to impede an opponent



Hand checking1
Hand Checking

  • Defending may not use arm(s) to move, direct, stop or impede and opponent with the ball

  • Two hands on an opponent is by rule a foul

  • Not called enough or consistently


Hand checking2
Hand Checking

  • Judgment Guideline:

    • RSBQ

      • Rhythm

      • Speed

      • Balance

      • Quickness

  • If any of these are changed “Call the foul, players will adjust”







Holding1
Holding

  • Players my not use arms to hold an opponent to impede their progress



Illegal use of hands1
Illegal Use of Hands

  • Players may not strike, slap or grab the hands, arms or jersey of an opponent

  • “Reaching in” is not a foul



Team control
Team Control

  • Any common foul committed by the any player of the team in control of the ball

  • Applies mostly on screens, post play or interrupted dribbles

  • Does not applyon try for goals, taps, rebounding or free-throws

  • New Rule added for throw-In when the ball is at the disposal of the thrower (4-12-2d)



Screening basics
Screening Basics

  • Two types of screens

    • In the field of vision

    • Blind

  • Screener can face any direction

  • Time and distance are relevant

  • “Moving screen” is not a foul


Screening basics1
Screening Basics

  • Screener must be stationary, except when both (screener and screened player) are moving in the same path and direction

  • Screener must stay in his/her vertical plane with a stance shoulder width apart


Displacement on screens
Displacement on Screens

Legal Screen

Illegal Screen


Blind screens
Blind Screens

  • Must allow a step of the screened player




Rebounding1
Rebounding

To obtain legal rebounding position, players my not:

  • Displace, charge, or push and opponent

  • Extend shoulders, hips, knees or extend the arms or elbows fully or position other than vertically

  • Bend in an abnormal position to hold or displace an opponent

  • Violate the principles of verticality


Rebounding action
Rebounding Action

  • Everyone has a right to their position on the floor

  • Boxing out

    • Holding your position is allowed

    • Does not include “backing out” or pushing

  • Verticality also applies to rebounding plays





Post play1
Post Play

  • Lead Official is mostly responsible for post players

  • Primary coverage is largely in the post

  • Identify who these players are early

  • Each player has right to position on the floor

  • Offense does not get special consideration


Post play2
Post Play

  • Point of Emphasis 2011-2012:

    • When a player dislodges an opponent from an established position by pushing or “backing in” is a foul

    • When a player uses hands, forearms or elbows to prevent an opponent from maintaining a legal position, it is a foul


Inter athletic council of officials

Do not only penalize the defense for rough action



Double fouls
Double Fouls

  • Fouls committed by opponent against each other at approximately the same time

  • Can be personal or technical


Simultaneous foul
Simultaneous Foul

  • A Personal or Technical Foul by opponents is a situation which there is a foul by both teams which occur approximately at the same time, but are not committed by opponents against each other



Point of interruption1
Point of Interruption

  • Rule 4-36-1

  • Applies to

    • Double Personal Fouls

    • Double Technical Fouls

    • Simultaneous Fouls

  • Also applies to accidental whistles, an interrupted game or correctable errors



Multiple foul1
Multiple Foul

  • A foul where two or more teammates commit personal fouls against the same opponent at approximately the same time.

  • Pick one or the other player

  • Do not call this!!!!!!



False fouls
False Fouls

  • False Double Foul

    • Rule 4-19-9

  • False multiple Fouls

    • Rule 4-19-12

  • These are “technical” definitions, not something you actually call, but is a result of things called



Intentional foul1
Intentional Foul

  • A personal or technical foul which neutralizes an opponent’s obvious advantageous position

  • Contact away from the ball

  • Not making a legitimate attempt to play the ball


Intentional foul2
Intentional Foul

  • May or may not be predetermined

  • Are not solely based on severity of contact

  • Should be called if excessive contact is caused by an opponent

  • Contact with the thrower-in

    • New Rule Clarification

    • Foul goes to offender


Intentional foul3
Intentional Foul

Penalty:

  • Award two shots and the ball on most intentional fouls

  • Award three shots and the ball on missed three point attempts

  • Basket goes in during a shot, always award 2 (or 3) points and the ball nearest the spot of the foul

  • Always the offended player shoots the free throws

    • Exception: Injury to offended player




Flagrant foul
Flagrant Foul

  • Personal or Technical foul that is considered violent or savage in nature

  • Non-contact technical foul which displays unacceptable in nature

  • May or may not be committed on purpose


Flagrant foul1
Flagrant Foul

  • If a personal foul, a flagrant foul involves but is not limited to a violent contact such as:

    • Striking

    • Kicking

    • Kneeing

  • If Technical, it involves dead ball contact or non-contact which is considered extreme or persistent, vulgar or abusive contact



  • Technical foul
    Technical Foul

    • A foul by a non-player

    • A non-contact foul by a player

    • An intentional or flagrant contact foul while the ball is dead (except airborne shooter)


    Technical foul1
    Technical Foul

    • Team Technical (Rule 10-1)

      • Charged to team and not coach or player

        • Failing to supply the scorer with the proper information at the 10 minute mark

        • Using a television monitor or computer as a replay device for coaching purposes/use of megaphone or electronic transmission device (cell phone)

        • Failure to occupy team bench area

        • Allowing the game to develop into an actionless contest (5 items specifically)


    Technical foul2
    Technical Foul

    • Team Technical (Rule 10-1)

      • Charged to team and not coach or player

        • More than 5 players on the court

        • Request an excess time-out

        • Commit and unsporting foul

        • Fail to have all players return to the court at the same time following a time-out or intermission

        • Allow players to lock arms or grasp a teammate(s) in an effort to restrict the movement of an opponent


    Technical foul3
    Technical Foul

    • Substitute Technical (Rule 10-2-1)

      • A substitute shall not enter the court:

        • Without reporting to the scorer

        • Without being beckoned by an official, except between quarters


    Technical foul4
    Technical Foul

    • Player Technical

      • A player shall not:

        • Participate after changing their number without reporting it to the scorer or official

        • Purposely and/or deceitfully delay returning after legally being out of bounds

        • Grasp either basket during the official’s jurisdiction

          • Before the game

          • Halftime

        • Illegally contact the basket or ring (explain later in class)

        • Delaying the game (4 items)


    Technical foul5
    Technical Foul

    • Player Technical

      • A player shall not:

        • Commit and unsporting foul (included and not limited to)

          • Disrespectfully addressing/contacting an official or gesture that incites resentment

          • Using profane and inappropriate language or obscene gestures

          • Baiting and taunting an opponent

          • Purposely obstructing an opponent’s vision by waving or placing hand(s) near his/her eyes

          • Climbing on or lifting a teammate to secure greater height

          • Using tobacco or smokeless tobacco

          • Removing the jersey and/or pants/skirt within the visual confines of the playing area


    Technical foul6
    Technical Foul

    • Player Technical

      • A player shall not:

        • Intentionally or flagrantly contact an opponent when the ball is dead and such contact is not a personal foul

        • Fighting

          • ONLY A FLAGRANT FOUL

        • Goaltending during a free throw

        • Reach through the throw-in boundary-line plane and touch or dislodge ball


    Technical foul7
    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      • Head coach is responsible for the conduct of his/her bench’s behavior which includes:

        • Assistant coaches

        • Substitutes

        • Disqualified team members

        • Trainers

        • Scorekeepers

        • Anyone else on the team bench


    Technical foul8
    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      • Head coach is responsible for the conduct of his/her bench’s behavior which includes:

        • Commit an unsporting foul, included but not limited to

          • Most acts listed under Player Technical section

          • Objecting to an official’s decision by rising from the bench or using gestures

          • Inciting undesired crowd reactions

          • Fighting

          • Removing jersey and/or pants/skirts within the confines of the playing area


    Technical foul9
    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      • Head coach is responsible for the conduct of his/her bench’s behavior which includes:

        • Enter the court unless by permission of an official to attend to an injured player

        • Use tobacco or smokeless tobacco


    Technical foul10
    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      • Head coach is responsible for the conduct of his/her bench’s behavior which includes:

        • Stand a the team bench while the clock is running or stopped and must remain seated except:

          • The head coach

          • When a team member is reporting to the scorer’s table

          • During a charged Timeout or intermission between quarters and extra periods

          • Spontaneously reacting to outstanding play by team member or acknowledge a replaced player(s) but must immediately return to his/her seat


    Technical foul11
    Technical Foul

    • Bench Technical

      Results in two types of foul classifications:

      • Direct technical

        • charged to the head coach because of his/her actions or permitting a player to participate after they have been disqualified

      • An Indirect Technical

        • charged to the head coach as a result of a bench technical being assessed to bench personnel or a technical being assessed to a team member for dunking or grasping the ring during pre-game warm-ups


    Technical foul12
    Technical Foul

    • Head coach can be disqualified or ejected with Combination of:

      • 3 Technical Fouls (1 Direct and 2 Indirect/3 Indirect)

      • 2 Technical Fouls

      • 1 Flagrant Technical Foul

    • Player can be ejected by being called for:

      • 2 Technical Fouls

      • 1 Flagrant Technical Foul

      • 1 Flagrant Foul

      • 5 Personal fouls is a disqualification

        • Technical and common fouls go to the 5 fouls for disqualification


    Technical foul13
    Technical Foul

    Penalty:

    • All Technical Fouls give 2 shots and the ball to the offended team.

    • Point of Interruptionon all Double Technical Fouls



    Fighting1
    Fighting

    • Fighting is a flagrant act when the ball is live or dead

    • Attempting to strike, punch or kick by using fist, hands, arms, legs or feet with or without contact

    • Attempting to instigate a fight by committing an unsporting act that causes a person to retaliate by fighting

    • Ejection is required for fighting




    Special reports
    Special Reports

    • An IHSA Special Report should be filed:

      • When any ejected player, coach or fan

      • 24 hours after the contest

      • Online form on your personal IHSA Webpage

      • Be specific in report

      • Not to be used for a player that fouls out of game

      • Between the IHSA and the offended party what penalty will ultimately be

      • Once the decision is made, it cannot be taken back!!!

      • Can also be used for non ejection events


    Foul calling review1
    Foul Calling Review

    • Is severe contact allowed by the rules?

    • Can a defender move after establishing Legal Guarding Position?

    • When do you call a flagrant foul?

    • What is considered fighting?

    • How many free throws do you award during an intentional foul?

    • Who do you call a player control foul on?

    • When do you file a Special Report?


    Module 12
    Module 12

    Questions?

    New Officials Basketball Class

    Module 12

    Foul Calling


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