Comparison of Adjectives
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Comparison of Adjectives. Comparison. Which do you think is bigger : a lion or a tiger?. I don’t think a tiger is quite as big as a lion!. Compare. Mark is 6 years old. Heidi is 4 years old. Rick is 10 months old. Mark is young. Rick is the youngest. Heidi is younger than Mark.

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Comparison of Adjectives

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Comparison of Adjectives


Comparison

Which do you think is bigger : a lion or a tiger?

I don’t think a tiger is quite as big as a lion!


Compare

Mark is 6 years old

Heidi is 4 years old

Rick is 10 months old

Mark is young.

Rick is the youngest.

Heidi is youngerthan Mark.


Compare

This sack of potatoes weighs 6 kg.

This suitcase weighs 4 kg.

These two bags weigh 8 kg.

The sack is heavierthan the suitcase.

These two bags are the heaviest of all.

The suitcase is heavy.


There are three degrees of adjectives:

  • Positive

  • Comparative

  • Superlative


The Positive

The positive degree is used for one person or thing.


The Positive

Paul is short.

Ann is thin.


The Comparative

The comparative degree is used when comparing two persons or things


The Comparative

Paul is shorter than Rick.

Rebecca is thinner than Ann.


The Superlative

The superlative degree is used when we compare more thanthree persons or things.


The Superlative

Mary is the shortest girl in class.

Rebecca is the thinnest woman in Malta.


Main Points


You add ‘-er’ for the comparative and ‘-est’ for the superlative of some adjectives.

cheap-cheaper-cheapest

hard-harder-hardest

weak-weaker-weakest

old-older-oldest


If they end in ‘-e’, you add ‘-r’ and ‘-st’

safe-safer-safest

nice-nicer-nicest

close-closer-closest


Some double the last letter.

big-bigger-biggest

fat-fatter-fattest

sad-sadder-saddest


Some change ‘y’ to ‘i’

heavy-heavier-heaviest

funny-funnier-funniest

busy-busier-busiest


To compare adjectives with two or more syllables use

MORE in the Comparative

MOST in the Superlative

LESS in the Comparative

LEAST in the Superlative


EXAMPLES

beautiful - more beautiful - mostbeautiful

careful - more careful - most careful

intelligent - more intelligent - most intelligent

generous - more generous - most generous

dirty-less dirty-least dirty


The following are irregular

good-better-best

many-more-most

bad-worse-worst

ill-worse-worst


Choose the correct answer


bigger

Tokyo is _______than New York.

big

bigger

biggest


My sister is _______ than me.

older

old

older

oldest


Louise is the _____ singer in Malta.

best

good

better

best


Ruth is the ________ girl in class.

friendliest

friendly

friendlier

friendliest


purest

Only the ________ ingredients are used in our cakes.

pure

purer

purest


Joan chose the _____________ dress in the shop.

most expensive

expensivest

more expensive

most expensive


The monk’s habit was made of the ________ material I have ever seen.

coarsest

coarser

coarsest

most coarse


Fill in the blanks


You certainly look much ________ than you did yesterday.

happy

happier


He is the ________ person I know.

fattest

fat


thin

thinnest

Jane chose the ________ slice of cake on the dish.


Mark has little common sense.

Andrea has even _______.

little

less


Yesterday Andrew was ill.

Today he is even ______.

worse

ill


WELL DONE!


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