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CAD vs. GIS PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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CAD vs. GIS. Fabian Guerrero 10/2007. What is the difference between Graphical Interface Systems (GIS) and Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) anyway?. Overview:. GIS Description GIS Examples GIS File Extensions CAD Description CAD Examples CAD Estensions Data Layers Model Summary Conclusion

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CAD vs. GIS

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CAD vs. GIS

Fabian Guerrero 10/2007


What is the difference between Graphical Interface Systems (GIS) and Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) anyway?


Overview:

  • GIS Description

  • GIS Examples

  • GIS File Extensions

  • CAD Description

  • CAD Examples

  • CAD Estensions

  • Data Layers Model

  • Summary

  • Conclusion

  • Questions?


GIS Description:

  • GIS is a computer system capable of capturing (when paired with a GPS), storing, analyzing, and displaying geographically referenced information

  • The power of a GIS comes from the ability to relate different information in a spatial context and to reach a conclusion about this relationship

USGS: Graphical Information Systems (2007) Retrieved 9, October 2007, Web site: http://erg.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/gis_poster/


GIS Examples:

This vector data model represents real-world features as points, lines, and polygons whose boundaries are defined by x,y coordinate pairs.


GIS File Extensions:

Allowable Extensions:

Reserved Extensions:

.bil .mxd

.bip .mxt

.bmp .ntf

.bsq .ovr

.dbf .png

.dt1 .prj

.ers .raw

.fdb .sbn

.gdb .sbx

.gif .shp

.gis .shx

.img .sid

.jpg .stk

.lan .sxd

.lgg .tif

.loc .txt

.lyr .xml

.mdb

• eps

• ers

• exe

• fbt

• fbx

• fls

• ftg

• fts

• gen

• gfw

• gif

• hdr

• hlp

• htm

• html

• ico

• idx

• img

• ini

• ixc

• ixs

• jpg

• key

• lin

• lnk

• mat

• mcp

• mdf

• mid

• mif

• mrk

• mxc

• mxs

• nit

• ndx

• nls

• odb

• odb

• pat

• pdf

• pif

• pps

• prj

• ps

• rlc

• rs

• sbn

• sbx

• shd

• shp

• shx

• stn

• tab

• tbl

• tif

• tfw

• tmp

• ttf

• txt

• xbm

• wmf

• wld

• wri


CAD Description:

  • CAD software is used to create precision drawings or technical illustrations. CAD software can be used to create two-dimensional (2-D) drawings or three-dimensional (3-D) models.

  • Often partnered with a CAM (Computer Aided Machine) or Mill for precision fabrication.

Whatis?com: Definitions – What is CAD (2007) Retrieved 29-October, 2007 Web site: http://whatis.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid9_gci211732,00.html


CAD Examples:

These CAD drawings illustrate how lines are layered to create a precision “how-to” in a referenced space. At left is a 3-D model rendering of a motorcycle.


CAD File Extensions:

.dwg

.dws

.dwt

.dxf

.exe

.fas

.fdc

.fmp

.hdi

.hlp

.las

.lin

.lli

.lsp

.mli

.mnc

.mnl

.mnr

.mns

.mnu

.pat

.pc3

.pgp

.pmp

.pss

.scr

.shp

.shx

.slb

.sv$

.stb

.unt

.xml

.xtp


Data Layer Examples:GIS vs. CAD


Summary:

The difference between CAD and GIS systems is becoming blurred with the internal attributes and database linkages enhancing CAD’s capabilities.


Conclusion:

GIS is a database program, and CAD is a graphics program. With CAD, it's the lines that are important, i.e. the drawing is the information. With GIS, the lines are just a representation of the data behind it.


Questions ?

Thank You!!


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