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5. ERA. WORLD HISTORY. Increased Hemispheric Interaction 500 ish - 1500. Introduction.

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WORLD HISTORY

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World history

5

ERA

WORLD HISTORY

Increased Hemispheric Interaction

500ish - 1500


World history

Introduction

In this era the various regions of Eurasia and Africa became more firmly interconnected than at any time in history. The sailing ships that crossed the wide sea basins of the Eastern Hemisphere carried a greater volume and variety of goods than ever before. In fact, the chain of seas extending across the hemisphere came to form a single interlocking network of maritime trade.

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION


World history

Introduction

In the same centuries caravan traffic crossed the Inner Asian steppes and the Sahara desert more frequently. As trade and travel intensified so did cultural exchanges and encounters, presenting local societies with a profusion of new opportunities and dangers. By the end of this era, the Eastern Hemisphere constituted a single zone of intercommunication possessing a unified history of its own. Our global view presents three areas of focus for this time:

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION


World history

Introduction

The Emergence of Europe

After the fall of Rome, Europe experienced remarkable growth. Western and Central Europe emerged as a new center of Christian civilization, expanding in agricultural production, population, commerce, and military might. Powerful European states presented a new challenge to the civilizations in the Mediterranean world. At the same time Europe was drawn into the commercial economy and cultural interchange of the hemisphere.

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION


World history

Introduction

The Resurgence of the Orient

At the opposite side of the hemisphere, the Orient, especially China, experienced a burst of technological innovation, commercialization, and urbanization, emerging as the largest economy in the world. The prosperity and success of China drew the attention of Europe, linking the two regions across the hemisphere.

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION


World history

Introduction

The Mongol Dominance

The Mongols under Chinggis Khan created the largest land empire the world had ever seen. The Mongol warlords intruded in one way or another on the lives of almost all peoples of Eurasia. The conquests were terrifying, but the stabilizing of Mongol rue led to a century of fertile commercial and cultural interchange across the continent. Eurasian unification, however, had a disastrous consequence in the 14th century—the Black Death and its attendant social impact on the two continents.

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION


World history

Introduction

Population growth in specific locales negatively impacted the environment; many people migrated to new locations

Migrating groups moved into other groups’ territories, forcing them to go elsewhere

Migrating groups introduced new plants and animals into their new homes

Migrations diffused technologies for farming, warfare, and crafts

Migrations diffused languages, styles of living, and arts

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION

Population Growth & Migration


World history

Vikings

Mongols

Germanic Tribes

Turkic Groups

Chinese

Arabs

Bantu-Speaking People of Africa

People of Oceania


World history

Introduction

New ruling groups built on the foundations of earlier states and empires

Wars led to destruction but also produced new inventions

Strong governments protected trade routes and stabilized economies

Royal courts were patrons of science, religion, and the arts

Large states brought together many ethnic, language, and religious groups

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION

States & Empires


World history

Frankish Kingdoms

Avar Kingdom

Parhae

Yamoto Japan

Byzantine Empire

Sassanid Empire

Sui China

Silla

Harsha’ Empire

Chalukya

Ghana

Axum

States and Empires in 600 CE


World history

Carolingian

Parhae

Byzantine

Cordoba Caliphate

Silla

Gurjara-Pratihara

Tang China

Heian Japan

Abbasid Caliphate

Ghana

Axum

Srivijaya

States and Empires in 800CE


World history

Scandanavian Kingdoms

Russia

England

Poland

H.R.E.

Mongol Empire

France

Hungary

Spain

Rum

Koryo

Portugal

Almohad Caliphate

Sung China

Kamakura Japan

Ayyubid Caliphate

Delhi Sultanate

Mali

Angkor

Ethiopia

Oyo

Benin

Zimbabwe

States and Empires in 1237 CE


World history

Union of Kalmar

Russian States

ScotlandEngland

Poland-Lithuania

Khanate of the Golden Horde

Jagatai Khanate

Holy Roman Empire

France

Hungary

Portugal

Castile

Ottoman Emp.

Korea

Timurid Empire

Ashikaga Japan

Granada

Ming China

Marinids Hafsids

Mamluk Sultanate

Mali

Ethiopia

Siam

Oyo Benin

Vijayanagara

Zanj City-States

Majapahit

Zimbabwe

States and Empires in 1400 CE


World history

Introduction

As cities grew, so did the trade networks between them

Trade helped spread religions, languages, ideas, and arts

Trade stimulated the use of natural resources

Banks, credit, and money systems encouraged regional and long distance trade

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION

Trade Networks


World history

Introduction

Universal faiths gave members a sense of community beyond political, class or ethnic identities

Religious scholars gathered and recorded knowledge and founded institutions of learning

The spread of religions stimulated production and exchange of arts, literature, philosophy, and the science

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION

Ideas & Beliefs


World history

Astrolabe

Stirrup

Lateen sail

Introduction

The pace of innovation increased—both in depth and breadth

Manufacturing and farming productivity increased

People’s diets and health improved

Sea travel and transport webs became thicker

WORLD HISTORY ERA 5: INCREASED HEMISPHERIC INTERACTION

Agricultural & Technical Diffusion


World history

Text and Images for Introduction Slides 1-18 adapted from Cohen, Sharon and Douglass, Susan. “Panorama Teaching Unit: Patterns of Interregional Unity, 300-1500 CE.” World History for Us All. San Diego State University in collaboration with the National Center for History in the Schools. http://worldhistoryforusall.sdsu.edu/.


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