Arab israeli conflict
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 48

Arab-Israeli Conflict PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 173 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Arab-Israeli Conflict. Can there be peace in the Middle East? . Where is Israel?. Where is Palestine? . Arab-Israeli History. Zionism-1890s.

Download Presentation

Arab-Israeli Conflict

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Arab israeli conflict

Arab-Israeli Conflict

Can there be peace in the Middle East?


Where is israel

Where is Israel?


Where is palestine

Where is Palestine?


Arab israeli history

Arab-Israeli History


Zionism 1890s

Zionism-1890s

Its general definition means the national movement for the return of the Jewish people to their homeland and the resumption of Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel.


Balfour declaration 1917

Balfour Declaration-1917

Great Britain Promises to create a Jewish homeland in Palestine: a British Colony.


Holocaust world war 2 1934 1945

Holocaust/World War 2 – 1934-1945

6 of 9 million European Jews are murdered by Hitler’s Nazi Germany


Un partition plan 1947

UN Partition Plan - 1947

British Leaving Palestine to UN Control.

UN creates plan for Jewish and Arab States amidst terrorism from both sides.

Palestinians reject partition.


1948 war

1948-War

  • Israel, with backing from U.S. and European countries wins the war.

Arabs reject UN partition plan and go to war with Israel.

Egypt, Syria, Transjordan, Iraq, and Lebanon attack Jewish State


Arab israeli conflict

Israel conquered 78% of Palestine

Created nearly 1 million Palestinian refugees

Over 400 towns and villages were destroyed

Every city, river, and hill received a new Hebrew name

Denied the existence of Palestine


Brief historical background

Brief Historical Background


1956 israel invades sinai suez crisis

1956 – Israel invades Sinai/Suez Crisis

  • Egypt Nationalizes Suez Canal

  • Israel, backed by English and French forces take back the canal.

  • Agreement is reached, Israel gains Gaza strip.


1964 plo created

1964-PLO Created

  • Political/Terrorist party with stated goal of creating an independent Palestinian state.

  • Yassir Arafat Leader (seen as terrorist and hero, may have been poisoned)


1967 six day war

1967: Six Day War

Israel conquered more land by launching a highly successful attack

Occupied additional 22% of Palestine – The West Bank and the Gaza Strip


Recognizing the two sides

Recognizing the Two Sides

The Palestinian Side:

  • Fear of Dispossession / 20th Century Jewish Immigration

  • Refugees of 1948

  • The 57-year Occupation

  • Spiritual connection to the Holy Land


Recognizing the two sides1

Recognizing the Two Sides

The Jewish Side:

  • History of Jewish Persecution

  • Holocaust

  • Israel as Jewish ‘Safe Haven’

  • Spiritual connection to the Holy Land


The composition of the holy land

The Composition of the Holy Land

Source: 2003 CIA World Fact Book - Palestine data consists of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.


1973 yom kippur war

1973 – Yom Kippur War

  • Egypt and Syria attack Israel on Yom Kippur

  • Egypt and Syria initially successful.

  • Israel wins, keeps no new territory


1978 79 camp david accords and peace treaty

1978-79-Camp David Accords and Peace Treaty

  • Egypt Becomes first Arab nation to recognize Israel.

  • Israel gives back the Sinai peninsula

  • Anwar Sadat(Egypt) and Menachem Begin(Israel)

  • Anwar Sadat assassinated by his own soldiers.


1979 map

1979 - Map


Arab israeli conflict

Important Note: Sinai has vast oil reserves


Northern security zone 1982

Northern Security Zone - 1982

Palestine attacks Israeli citizens in the north, create this safety zone to protect from attacks from Lebanon


First intifada

First Intifada

  • Palestinian uprising against Israeli forces

  • 1987 – 1993

  • Rocks vs. Tanks


Oslo peace process 1993

Oslo Peace Process - 1993


Bill clinton yitzhak rabin and yasser arafat

Bill Clinton, Yitzhak Rabin, and Yasser Arafat


Assassination of yitzhak rabin

Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin

  • 1995 - Rabin assassinated by Jewish fundamentalist: Yigal Amir


2 nd intifada

2nd Intifada

  • The Second Intifada, also known as the Al-Aqsa Intifadawas the second Palestinian uprising against the Israeli occupation – a period of intensified Palestinian–Israeli violence.

  • It started in September 2000, when Ariel Sharon made a provoking visit to the Temple Mount and Palestinian demonstrations were cracked down by the Israeli army with brutal force, using lethal ammunition.


2 nd intifada 2000 2005

2nd Intifada 2000 - 2005


Gaza 2005

Gaza - 2005

  • Israel starts to leave the Gaza strip; costs $2.5 billion


Important concepts

Important Concepts


Arabs palestinians

Arabs/Palestinians

  • Nomadic Peoples living in British Mandate of Palestine prior to the establishment of the state of Israel.

  • Ethnically Arab: can be Muslim, Christian, or Jewish

  • Mostly Muslim


Israelis

Israelis

  • Citizens of the State of Israel: May be Christian, Jewish, or Muslim

  • May be European or Arab


Holy land

Holy Land

  • Area around Jerusalem/Ancient land of Canaan

  • Sacred to Muslims, Christians, and Jews.


The composition of the holy land1

The Composition of the Holy Land

Source: 2003 CIA World Fact Book - Palestine data consists of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.


Homeland

Homeland

  • Any area that an ethnicity or nationality lays claim to.

  • Both Jews and Arabs claim Israel/Palestine as their natural homeland.


West bank

West Bank

  • Portion of Palestine occupied during the Six-Day War - Today


The israeli barrier on the ground

The Israeli Barrier on the Ground

Archbishop Pietro Sambi, of Jerusalem said the wall, “cuts in half monasteries, convents, churches and cemeteries.” The pictures above are of the wall in Bethlehem


Gaza strip

Gaza Strip

  • Portion of Palestine Taken over by Israel during Six-Day war in 1967 and occupied with periods of self-rule until today.

  • War fought between Israel and Gaza last November.


Occupation

Occupation

  • Palestinian lands occupied by Israelafter the Six-Day war.

  • West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Golan Heights are occupied territories.


Partition

Partition

  • A division of lands between peoples.

  • To the left is UN Partition Plan for Israel and Palestine


Refugee

Refugee

  • Any person forced from homeland because of natural, economic, or war issues.

  • Refugees plan to return home

  • 700,000 Palestinian refugees after 1948 war


Checkpoints

Checkpoints

  • Tollbooth-like structures where Palestinians are detained while traveling through the occupied territories.

  • Checkpoints make travel hard on Palestinians.


Checkpoints in the west bank

Checkpoints in the West Bank

  • Sometimes it takes Palestinians 4 hours to make a journey an Israeli citizen can make in 30 minutes.


Settlements

Settlements

  • Israeli Communities in the Occupied territories.

  • One of the most controversial aspects of Arab-Israeli conflict

  • U.S. doesn’t want Israel building more settlement in the occupied territories

  • Israel is continuing to build new settlements.

  • Confiscating more Palestinian land in the Process


Settlements1

Settlements


Intifada

Intifada

  • Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule.

  • 1st Intifada 1987 – 1993

  • Organized by PLO

  • Ended by Oslo Accords

  • Palestinian Rocks

  • Israeli Uzis/Tanks


Arab israeli conflict continued

Arab-Israeli Conflict Continued

  • 9/11 – Many see the attack on the World Trade Center as retaliation for U.S. support of Israel.

  • Arab Spring

  • Iranian Embargo

  • Terrorism

  • Continued unrest in Lebanon

  • Strain on U.S. – Israeli Relations

  • Israel forced to play as part of Europe in World Cup qualifying.


What should happen

What should happen?


  • Login