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Transfer of Environmentally Sound Adaptation Technologies under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper. Presented by: Joel B. Smith, Paul B. Violette (PADCO), Brian Hurd, and Megan Harrod Presented to: Transfer of Technology Consultative Process (Decision 4/CP.4):

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Transfer of environmentally sound adaptation technologies under the unfccc a discussion paper

Transfer of Environmentally Sound Adaptation Technologies under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

Presented by:

Joel B. Smith, Paul B. Violette (PADCO), Brian Hurd, and Megan Harrod

Presented to:

Transfer of Technology Consultative Process (Decision 4/CP.4):

Asia and the Pacific Regional Workshop

Lapu-Lapu City, Cebu, Philippines

17-19 January 2000


Key issues
KEY ISSUES under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

  • Start a dialogue:

    • Identify what we mean by adaptation technologies

    • How is this different or does it compliment technology transfer relating to climate variability?

    • What process can be used to address transfer of adaptation technologies?


What is the choice for adaptation
What is the Choice for Adaptation? under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

  • Reactive climate change adaptation

    • An action taken in response to climate change

      • A farmer switches to drought tolerant varieties of crops in response to a drier climate

      • Is this because of climate change or variability?

  • Anticipatory climate change adaptation

    • An action taken before climate changes

      • An oil drilling platform is built higher to anticipate sea level rise

  • Focus on anticipatory adaptations for now because they are based on climate change


Two types of anticipatory adaptations
Two Types of Anticipatory Adaptations under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

  • No regrets (win-win)

    • Make sense under current climate conditions

    • Have more benefits under climate change

    • e.g., reforms, water conservation technologies

    • Can include mitigation technologies

  • Low regrets

    • Marginal changes in practices, processes, or structures because of climate change

    • e.g., expansion of beach set backs, marginal changes to infrastructure being built anyway


Two types of adaptation technologies
Two Types of Adaptation Technologies under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

  • Soft Technologies

    • Capacity building, planning, institutions

  • Hard Technologies

    • Hardware, Infrastructure, Monitoring


Soft adaptation technologies
Soft Adaptation Technologies under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper


Hard adaptation technologies
Hard Adaptation Technologies under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper


Preliminary steps for transferring adaptation technologies
Preliminary Steps for Transferring Adaptation Technologies under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

  • Demonstrate a country or region’s vulnerability to climate change.

  • Demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility of adaptation strategies.

  • Define the roles of various groups in the technology transfer process.

  • Develop action plans that address priority needs.

    Capacity building needed to address these.


Defining roles
Defining Roles under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

  • Developing countries. Play dominant roles in assessing and deter-mining needs and im-plementing adaptations. Develop Action Plans

  • Developed countries. Participate in identifying strategies, setting standards, and removing barriers.


Defining roles cont
Defining Roles (cont.) under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

  • Private sector. Provide technologies and expertise.

  • NGOs. Identify technology needs, adverse consequences, and promote transfer.

  • Research community. Develop hard and soft technologies, provide training.


Reactive adaptations
Reactive Adaptations under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

  • May eventually become an issue

  • Problems

    • Costs

    • Attribution

Source: USBR.


Conclusions
Conclusions under the UNFCCC: A Discussion Paper

  • Focus on anticipatory adaptations

  • Focus initially on soft technologies

    • Capacity building for assessment

    • Setting standards for assessment and evaluation

    • Identify and remove barriers

  • Developing countries should develop action plans

    • Need to be collaborative

    • Address removal of barriers

    • Can include pilot projects

  • Examine how can build on existing programs


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