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Supracolic region. Aortic hiatus: T12, aorta, thoracic duct and azygos vein esophageal hiatus: T10, esophagus, left gastric a.v. vagal trunks. vena caval foramen: T8, inferior vena cava. The structures that formed by peritoneum as follow: 1 omentum great omentum lesser omentum

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Aortic hiatus:T12, aorta, thoracic duct and azygos veinesophageal hiatus:T10, esophagus, left gastric a.v. vagal trunks. vena caval foramen:T8, inferior vena cava


The structures that

formed by peritoneum

as follow:

1 omentum

great omentum

lesser omentum

2 mesentery

mesentery

transverse mesocolon

sigmoid mesocolon

mesoappendix

3 ligaments


Boundaries of omental bursa:

Anteriorly– lesser omentum,

post. wall of sto-

mach, ant. layers

of large omentum

Posteriorly– post. layers of

large omentum,

transverse meso-

colon

Inferiorly– refleced part of

large omentum

Superiorly– inf. surface of

liver


Anatomy of stomach
Anatomy of stomach

  • Position and relationship( ¼-- at epigastric region, ¾-- at left hypochondriac, cardiac orifice– at left side of T11, pyloric orifice– at right side of L1

  • Features and divisions(fundus,body,cardiac part

  • pyloric part— canalsinus)

  • Ligaments (hepatogastric lig, gastrosplenic lig, gastrocolic)

  • Blood vessels and lymph drainage

  • nerve


Diaphragmatic area

Suprarenal area

Liver

Renal area

Pancreatic area

Free area

Colic area

Anterior view

Posterior iew

Relationship of stomach



the unpaired br.

the celiac trunk

*the left gastric a.

*the common hepatic a.

*the splenic a.



  • Main branches:

  • — bronchial branches

  • — esophageal branches

  • — anterior and posterior

  • gastric branches(stomach)

  • — hepatic branches

  • — celiac branches



Anatomy of extrohepatic biliary duct
Anatomy of extrohepatic biliary duct

Composition of extrohepotic duct:

gall bladder, hepotic duct, common hepotic duct, common bile duct, hepotopancrea-tic ampolla

Oddi Sphinctor of hepa-topancreatic ampulla

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