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ALL LIVING ORGANISMS ARE MADE UP OF CELLS PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ALL LIVING ORGANISMS ARE MADE UP OF CELLS. CELL STRUCTRURE & FUNCTION. EUKARYOTES. EXAMPLE: Plant Cell & Animal Cell. BASIC CELL TYPES. 1. PROKARYOTES: Example Bacteria . EUKARYOTIC CELL. 1. CELL MEMBRANE 2. NUCLEUS 3. ORGANELLES. CELL MEMBRANE. 1. Selectively permeable

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ALL LIVING ORGANISMS ARE MADE UP OF CELLS

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ALL LIVING ORGANISMS ARE MADE UP OF CELLS


CELL STRUCTRURE & FUNCTION


EUKARYOTES

EXAMPLE: Plant Cell & Animal Cell


BASIC CELL TYPES

  • 1. PROKARYOTES: Example Bacteria

    .


EUKARYOTIC CELL

  • 1. CELL MEMBRANE

  • 2. NUCLEUS

  • 3. ORGANELLES


CELL MEMBRANE

  • 1. Selectively permeable

  • 2. Phospholipids

  • 3. Proteins >> Integral >> Peripheral


CYTOPLASM

  • 1. LIES BETWEEN THE CELL MEMBRANE AND NUCLEUS.


MITICHONDRION

  • 1. TRANSFERS ENERGY FROM ORGANIC COMPOUNDS TO ATP

  • 2. STRUCTURE:-

  • Double layered

    Membrane

  • Crystal

  • Matrix


ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM

  • 1. Prepares proteins for export , Synthesizes steroids, Regulates Calcium levels , Breaks down toxic substances


GOLGI APPARATUS

  • 1. Processes and Packages substances produced by the cell.


LYSOSOME

  • Digests Molecules ,Old Organelles and foreign substances.

  • Micro Filaments and Micro tubules contribute to the support movement and division of cells.

  • Cilia and Flagella Propel cells through the environment, move materials over the cell surface tubules


NUCLEUS

  • Stores Hereditary information in DNA, Synthesizes RNA and Ribosome


CELL WALL

  • 1. Supports and protects the cell.


VACUOLE

  • Stores enzymes and waste products.


PLASTID

  • Stores food or pigments.

  • One type (Chloroplast) transfers energy from light to organic compounds.


DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLANT &ANIMAL CELLS

  • No Cell wall

  • No Chloroplast

  • No Vacuole

  • Cellulose Cell wall is present.

  • Chloroplast

  • Large Vacuole


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