Origins of american government
Download
1 / 6

Origins of American Government - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 84 Views
  • Uploaded on

Origins of American Government. The Colonial Period . Combined English ideas with native groups Magna Carta English document signed in 1215 Started the idea that the monarch was not all-powerful Provided the basis for limited government , power of the government was limited, not absolute.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Origins of American Government' - mandek


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

The colonial period
The Colonial Period

  • Combined English ideas with native groups

  • Magna Carta

    • English document signed in 1215

    • Started the idea that the monarch was not all-powerful

    • Provided the basis for limited government, power of the government was limited, not absolute


  • English Bill of Rights

    • Set clear limits on what a ruler could and couldn’t do

    • Monarchs do not have absolute authority

    • Monarch must have consent to end law

    • Monarch cannot interfere with elections

    • People have the right to a fair and speedy trial and petition the government

    • People cannot be subject to cruel and unusual punishment


  • Representative Government

    • Representative government, people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government

    • England had a two house system, which the US adopts

  • New political ideas

    • John Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau influenced American colonists

    • All people are born free, equal, and independent. Contradicts divine right theory

    • People are not born with an obligation to obey rulers


  • Government in the colonies
    Government in the Colonies

    • Colonies were set up very different than our country today, but the all had:

      • A written constitution

      • Legislature of elected representatives

      • Separation of powers

  • Mayflower Compact (1620)

    • Agreed to chose their own leaders and make their own laws


    • Colonial Legislatures

      • Virginia House of Burgesses was the first legislature in America, est. in 1619.

      • Separation of powers, each section of government had powers to check on the other parts of government.


    ad