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Origins of American Government. The Colonial Period . Combined English ideas with native groups Magna Carta English document signed in 1215 Started the idea that the monarch was not all-powerful Provided the basis for limited government , power of the government was limited, not absolute.

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the colonial period
The Colonial Period
  • Combined English ideas with native groups
  • Magna Carta
    • English document signed in 1215
    • Started the idea that the monarch was not all-powerful
    • Provided the basis for limited government, power of the government was limited, not absolute
slide3

English Bill of Rights

    • Set clear limits on what a ruler could and couldn’t do
    • Monarchs do not have absolute authority
    • Monarch must have consent to end law
    • Monarch cannot interfere with elections
    • People have the right to a fair and speedy trial and petition the government
    • People cannot be subject to cruel and unusual punishment
slide4

Representative Government

      • Representative government, people elect delegates to make laws and conduct government
      • England had a two house system, which the US adopts
  • New political ideas
      • John Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau influenced American colonists
      • All people are born free, equal, and independent. Contradicts divine right theory
      • People are not born with an obligation to obey rulers
government in the colonies
Government in the Colonies
  • Colonies were set up very different than our country today, but the all had:
      • A written constitution
      • Legislature of elected representatives
      • Separation of powers
  • Mayflower Compact (1620)
      • Agreed to chose their own leaders and make their own laws
slide6

Colonial Legislatures

      • Virginia House of Burgesses was the first legislature in America, est. in 1619.
      • Separation of powers, each section of government had powers to check on the other parts of government.
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