Citators. Basic Legal Skills 2006. Agenda. What is a citator? How to use a citator Citators for cases Demonstrations of Shepard’s and KeyCite In-class exercises Citators for statutes , regulations , secondary sources Currentness of citators Conclusion. What Is a Citator?.
Basic Legal Skills
A citator is a tool that shows when and how a particular legal authority has been cited.
It gives you quantitative information (the number of citing references) and qualitative information (the kind of treatment a particular legal authority has received).
1. For validation: to determine that a case, statute, regulation, or administrative decision is still good law and therefore can be used as the basis of your legal argument.
2. For research: to get citations to other relevant cases, administrative decisions, or secondary sources to support your legal argument.
(prior and subsequent history of your legal authority)
(listing of other cases and secondary sources that cite to your legal authority)
Kelo v. City of New London, Conn., 125 S. Ct. 2655,
162 L. Ed. 2d 439 (2005).
What protection does the Fifth Amendment's “public use requirement” give to individuals whose property is being condemned, not to eliminate slums or blight, but for the sole purpose of "economic development" that will perhaps increase tax revenues and improve the local economy?
Upheld the taking of private property for transfer to a private development corporation as part of an urban renewal plan.
Upheld a taking of private property for redistribution in order to reduce the concentration of land ownership in Hawaii.
In the Shepard’s report for Berman, 348 U.S. 26, restrict or filter the citing references by the following:
Q: How many citing references did you see with each restriction?
You represent a client in New Jersey who wants to develop and sell a new line of vitamins. Your client wants to sell them, not through retail stores, but through a multi-level distribution plan. Is this legal in New Jersey? (Ignore any applicable federal laws).
Shepardize or KeyCite this case:
Kugler v. Koscot Interplanetary, Inc., 293 A.2d 682 (N.J. Super. Ct. Ch. 1972).
Citators for statutes typically include:
Graphic symbols for statutes:
http://www.lexisnexis.com/lawschool and sign in.
Click on LexisNexis Tools > CheckCite > Download Citation Tools v. 9.0
Click on Discover Westlaw > Westlaw Services > download WestCheck
(or go to www.westcheck.com)
Click on Discover Westlaw > Understand Westlaw > KeyCite