Towards a Sustainable Asia: Green Transition and Innovation
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Towards a Sustainable Asia: Green Transition and Innovation ---- Key Findings of the AASA SDA Report. Gensuo Jia Key Lab of Regional Climate-Environment for East Asia Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) [email protected] 2012-04-24 Cape Town. Contents. Background

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Gensuo jia key lab of regional climate environment for east asia chinese academy of sciences cas

Towards a Sustainable Asia: Green Transition and Innovation---- Key Findings of the AASA SDA Report

Gensuo Jia

Key Lab of Regional Climate-Environment for East Asia

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

[email protected]

2012-04-24 Cape Town

green.tea.ac.cn


Contents

Contents

Background

Project objectives, methodology, and Progress

Key findings and recommendations

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Challenges for asia s sustainability

Challenges for Asia’s Sustainability

Population increase, 4 bn, the biggest population in the world

Poverty alleviation

Declining natural resources and Degrading environment as global factories and warehouse

Energy supply/demand and security

Increase of GHG emissions

Cultural diversity shocked by globalization, and rapid industrialization and urbanization

Crossroad: from labor/energy intensity to efficiency?

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Gensuo jia key lab of regional climate environment for east asia chinese academy of sciences cas

Asia will suffer most by the Triple Crisis

Economic Crisis:

Fast growth led by export

Resource Crisis:

Rising Oil price

Ecological Crisis:

Most vulnerable to climate change impacts

Source: UNESCAP

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Opportunities in new context

Opportunities in new Context

Financial crisis, restoration and innovation in East Asia, green recovery?

Addressing climate change, Asia’s common actions?

Under the context of globalization, how to make win-win economic growth sustainable?

How to Improve communication and cooperationis the foundation to push Green growthand Sustainable Development in Asian countries

“Sustainable Development in Asia” (SDA)project was initiated by the AASA in 2007

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Contents1

Contents

Background

Project objectives, methodology, and Progress

Key findings and recommendations

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Objectives

Objectives

Objectives of the SDA project launched by AASA:

Strengthening mutual understandingamong countries / regions and realizing a sustainable future in Asia

Improving cooperationamong academies in Asia and providing policy recommendations on SD through joint research on common concerns

Taking common actionsand policy recommendations

Four science groups were established:

Natural resource; environment and climate change; energy; and culture and heritage

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Methodology

Methodology

  • International workshops & coordinative meetings (26 member academies)

  • Literature review and Empirical analysis

  • Case Study: best practices

  • Comprehensive assessment

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Outputs book series

Outputs: Book series

Title of Book series: Towards a Sustainable Asia

Synthesis report:

  • Green Transition and Innovation

    Thematic reports:

  • Energy

  • Natural Resources

  • Environment and Climate Change

  • The Cultural Perspectives

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Contents2

Contents

Background

Project objectives, methodology, and Progress

Key findings and recommendations

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Key finding 1 asian development model adm is facing challenges

Key Finding 1: Asian Development Model (ADM) is facing challenges

  • Global economic context changed due to global issues like financial crisis and climate change

  • Some Asian countries are losing their transitional comparative advantages

  • Shortage of resources and energy, and limitation of environmental carrying-capacity

  • A new Asian Development Model should be shaped as green, low-carbon, smart, innovative, cooperative, and inclusive

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C onventional vs green growth model

Conventionalvs.greengrowth model

Quantity of Growth,focusing on Maximizing GDP, Production &Consumption

“Grow First, Clean Up Later”

Market Cost Efficiency

Quality of Growth:

quality of life, well-being and ecological sustainability

Green Growth

Eco-efficiency

Source: UNESCAP

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Key finding 2 green transition will be crucial to a new adm

Key Finding 2: Green transition will be crucial to a new ADM

  • Green transition:

    • New ways of manufacturing and services

    • Green/eco-efficient technologies

    • From fossil-fuel dependent to renewable

    • Green jobs to meet MDGs

    • Green consumption and lifestyle

    • New development model/governance

  • Green Asia: traditional knowledge + high tech

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Gensuo jia key lab of regional climate environment for east asia chinese academy of sciences cas

BUSINESS AS USUAL

(Grow first, clean-up later)

GREEN GROWTH

Market price

Ecological price

<

Ecological efficiency

Economic efficiency

Quantity of growth

Quality of growth

Source: UNESCAP

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Key finding 3 green innovation is key bridge to green transition

Key Finding 3: Green innovation is key/bridge to green transition

  • S & T Innovation should be basis for green transition

  • Innovation priority should be differential based on local socio-economic conditions

  • Innovation includes both technology and non-tech aspects, in particular, policy, regulation, and institutional arrangements; policy-driving innovation

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Strategic framework for green transition in asia

Strategic framework for green transition in Asia

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Key finding 4 models experiences are available for green transition in asia

Key Finding 4: Models/experiences are available for green transition in Asia

  • Advantages as later comers of modernization and transition

  • Government commitment and political will

  • Cultural tradition with respect for and living in harmony with nature

  • The largest potential green market

  • Increasingly innovative practice and market-based instrument application

  • Best practice for sustainable development in Asian and other countries

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Gensuo jia key lab of regional climate environment for east asia chinese academy of sciences cas

Asia initiatives towards greener economies

Guiding principles

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Gensuo jia key lab of regional climate environment for east asia chinese academy of sciences cas

Renewable energy: Wind power

  • China:Annual growth rate over 100% during 2004-2009

  • 25.8 GW in 2009, over 5 times of projection of the Plan in 2007

  • National Target: wind provides 15% power by 2020

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Grid integration for renewable

Grid integration for renewable

  • 25% Renewable Electricity by 2025:

  • $500 billion new investment

  • >1 million new jobs

  • ~750 million-tons-CO2/yr

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Gensuo jia key lab of regional climate environment for east asia chinese academy of sciences cas

Fuel Consumption Limits in Selected Economies

China

EU

Source: CATARC

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Efficient appliances maker user

Efficient appliances: Maker-user

Can save

12%

of residential electricity use in China in 2020.

Role of major manufacturers?

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Recommendation build regional partnership for green transition

Recommendation: Build regional partnership for green transition

  • A new regional cooperation model with multi-track collaboration, bi-lateral and multi-lateral, in terms of different advantage and responsibility

  • Establish an Asia Green Transition Fund for technology transfer, best practice sharing, etc.

  • Prioritized fields for cooperation:

    • Low cost renewable and low-carbon technology

    • Regional resource and environmental security

    • Improvement of regional environmental quality

    • Smart growth and green transition

    • country pathway to green future

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Take home messages

Take Home Messages

- SD Cooperation mechanisms: International treaties (e.g. Agenda 21, UNFCCC) vs. market?

- High-tech  localized green solutions (combine with local knowledge and skills)

- Lead or follow?

……

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Gensuo jia key lab of regional climate environment for east asia chinese academy of sciences cas

Thank You

Gensuo JIA

Chinese Academy of Sciences

Key Lab of Regional Climate-Environment for East Asia

[email protected]

green.tea.ac.cn


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