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50/50?. Marriage, Gender, and Reciprocity in Xenophon’s Oeconomicus. Agenda. Art, Concluded Sexual Values, a Democratic Transformation? Xenophon’s Oeconomicus Introduction Sequestration of the Sexes Actuality or Social Fiction? Sex and the Married Woman

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50/50?

Marriage, Gender, and Reciprocity in Xenophon’s Oeconomicus


Agenda

Agenda

  • Art, Concluded

    • Sexual Values, a Democratic Transformation?

  • Xenophon’s Oeconomicus

    • Introduction

    • Sequestration of the Sexes

      • Actuality or Social Fiction?

    • Sex and the Married Woman

      • Do/How do eros and Marriage Mix?

    • (Un)equal Partnership?

      • Marriage and Gender Roles in Oeconomicus

Xenophon's Oeconomicus


Art concluded

Art, Concluded

Sexual Values, a Democratic Transformation?


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Inside of Attic Red Figure drinking cup (kylix): man/woman sexual congress.(Man says, “Keep quiet!” or “Keep still!”)


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hē numphē kalē, “The bride is beautiful.”

Timodēmos kalos, “Timodemos is handsome.”

Attic Red Figure alabastron


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Cantarella, Eva. Bisexuality in the Ancient World. Trans. Cormac O'Cuilleanain. 2 ed. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2002. Print.

Dover, K. J. Greek Homosexuality. 2 ed. Cambridge, Mass., 1989.

Hubbard, Thomas K. “Popular Perceptions of Elite Homosexuality in Classical Athens.” Arion 6 (1998): 48–78. [Reconsideration of Dover, Foucault, Halperin.]

Sutton, Robert F. “Pornography and Persuasion on Attic Pottery.” Pornography and Representation in Greece and Rome. Ed. Amy Richlin. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992. 3–35.


Xenophon s oeconomicus

Xenophon’s Oeconomicus

Introduction


Text author facts

Text/Author Facts

  • Xenophon the Athenian

    • ca. 430 to ca. 349 BCE

  • Oeconomicus

    • Socratic dialogue

    • themes

      • kalokagathia

      • enkrateia

      • oikonomia

      • kosmos

For Xenophon, Ps-Demosthenes:

Foucault, Michel. “Part Three. Economics.” Trans. Robert Hurley. The History of Sexuality. Volume 2: The Use of Pleasure. New York: Pantheon Books, 1978. 141–84. Print.

Xenophon's Oeconomicus


Sequestration of the sexes

Sequestration of the Sexes

Actuality or Social Fiction?


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“I pointed out to her also the situation of the apartment for the females, separated from that of the men by a door fastened with a bolt, that nothing improper may be taken out, and that the servants may not have children without our knowledge...”(Oeconomicus p. 109)


Greek house abdera thrace 300s bce

Abdera

Athens

Greek House: Abdera, Thrace (300s BCE)

entrance

Nevett, Lisa C. House and Society in the Ancient Greek World. New studies in Archaeology. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.


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andron

Greek House (oikia), Olynthus, 4th cent. BCE (reconstruction)


Sex and the married woman

Sex and the Married Woman

Do/How do eros and Marriage Mix?


Two quotes

“We [Athenian men] have prostitutes for the sake of pleasure, concubines for meeting our bodily needs day-to-day, but wives for having legitimate children” (Against Neaera p. 191)

“Seeing her … painted over … that she might appear still fairer than she really was…, ‘Tell me,’ said I, ‘…should I seem, as an intimate associate, more worthy of your love, if … I should take care … that it be healthy and strong, … or if … I should paint myself with vermilion…?’ ”* (Oec. p. 112)

Two Quotes…

* Larger context has to do with sharing of bodies, i.e., to sex.

Xenophon's Oeconomicus


Un equal partnership

(Un)equal Partnership?

Marriage and Gender Roles in Oeconomicus


Quotes

Quotes

“ ‘… is there any one to whom you intrust a greater number of important affairs than to your wife?’ … ‘And is there any one with whom you hold fewer discussions…?’ ” (Socrates to Critobulus, p. 84)

“ ‘The law, too, … gives its approbation …; and as the divinity has made them partners … in their offspring, so the law ordains them to be sharers (koinonoi) in household affairs’ ” (Ischomachus, p. 100)


Question

Question

  • Is there an ideology (Butler would call it a “script”) of partnership or parity in Ischomachus’ house? Of inequality?

    • Speech acts validating same?


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