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Mangiang Water Initiative. Projects for Underserved Communities 2012-2013 Papua New Guinea Team. Introduction. Our Team. Manav Mandhani. Jane Kilgore ✔. Logistics. Taylor Nordstrom. Ashwin Ramaswami ✔. Project Manager. Assistant PM/Design Lead. Crystal Cassimere ✔.

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Mangiang water initiative

Mangiang Water Initiative

Projects for Underserved Communities 2012-2013

Papua New Guinea Team



Our team
Our Team

Manav Mandhani

Jane Kilgore ✔

Logistics

Taylor Nordstrom

Ashwin Ramaswami ✔

Project Manager

Assistant PM/Design Lead

Crystal Cassimere ✔

Community Impact

Communications

Nita Soni ✔

Tank Stand Design




Our project
Our Project

  • Existing Well

  • Previous Solar Pumping Project


Focus areas since slab 4
Focus Areas Since SLAB 4

  • Technical Advisor

    • Neil Higa

  • Design

    • Finalizing Design

      • Tank Stand

    • Finalizing Budget

      • Wire transfer

  • Logistics

    • Visas

    • Flights

    • On-the-ground support



Implementation trip plan
Implementation Trip Plan

August 9th – August 25th

  • Travel Information

    • Team lands in Lae on August 12th

    • 11 days in Mangiang

  • Travelers

    • Project Manager: Ashwin Ramaswami (BME)

    • Crystal Cassimere (SW)

    • Nita Soni (ME)

    • Jane Kilgore (SW)

    • Technical Advisor: Neil Higa


Travel logistics
Travel Logistics

  • Accommodation

    • 11-Mile Camp (team divided among two buildings)

    • Single Furnished Rooms

    • Amenities: Air conditioning, fitness facilities, on-site security, Internet access, free same-day laundry

    • Food Provided

      • Boxed lunches

      • Community provides lunch during visits


  • Communication

    • Cell phone service available in Mangiang

    • Drivers/Security carry cell phones and satellite phones

  • Transportation

    • Two-vehicle escort

    • Well-paved highway, except for periodic potholes

    • Final 100m only traversable by four-wheel drive

    • Depart camp at 6 am; leave Mangiang at 3 pm

  • Travel and Security

    • Provided by G4S through EHL

    • Security will escort travelers between Domestic and International terminals in Port Moresby

    • Driver and security escort at all times in Lae and Mangiang

      • Satellite phones, radio communication

    • Confirmed attendance with Bob Kamila to Mangiang


Travel preparation
Travel Preparation

  • Completed

    • Flight procurement

    • Travel physicals

    • Immunizations

  • In Progress

    • PNG Visas

      • $50/person due upon arrival

    • Australian visas

  • Flight Donations

    • Jim Wiethorn (300,000 miles)

    • Mary Lou Ralls-Newman (20,000 miles)

    • Matthew Smith (approx. 300,000 miles)

    • Shauna Black (20,000 miles)


First aid
First Aid

  • Team has purchased:

  • Available at EHL:

    • Full-time doctor and clinic available at camp



Design progress
Design Progress

  • Finalized all PUC design

  • Sent design packet to ATCDI

    • Working to confirm material prices

  • Working with ATCDI on constructability




Advisors
Advisors

  • Dr. Tassoulas

  • Dr. Engelhardt

  • PhD student: Kerry Kreitman






Construction
Construction

At Unitech

- Cut members to size, drill holes, cut slots

- Weld plates to beams

- Weld L-brace to beams

- Assemble two frames

Truck materials to Mangiang

At Maniang site

- Dig holes for 4 column bases

- Place frames in holes and lift

- Bolt the X-braces in place

- Bolt the 2 remaining perimeter beams

- Bolt the interior beams

- Widen the base holes

- Make footing forms

- Start mixing concrete

- Insert rebar to column

- Add concrete

-Cover with tarp for several days

-Place and secure tank with chains/straps



Design overview
Design Overview

  • Population Serving: 500 people in village center

  • Daily Demand/Person: 20 L

    -Drinking, cooking, sanitation

  • Total Demand: 10,000 L/day

  • System: Non-battery powered, will pump when appropriate solar insolation

  • Pump/Controller: Lorentz PS200 HR-14

  • Storage Tank: 9000L Tuffa Tank

  • Assumed Pumping Day: 5 hrs (conservative)

  • Design Pumping Rate: 33.3 L/min (9 gpm)


Pump controller
Pump/Controller

  • Lorentz PS200 HR-14

    • Helical Rotor Submersible Pump

    • PS 200 Controller

      • Controls Pump System

      • Two inputs: Well Probe (Dry Running Protection) + Float Switch (tank)

      • Adjustable Pump Speed

      • Time Delays for Low-Water Level, Full Tank, Insufficient Sun

      • Indicator Lights: System Power, Pump On, Source Low, Tank Full, Insufficient Sunshine, Pump Speed

      • Over Current Protection

      • Clear Casing to be covered


Pump controller1
Pump/Controller

  • Helical Rotor Submersible Pump

  • Life up to 15 years with proper operation

    • Float switches

    • Well cover to prevent debris

    • Proper electrical components

  • DC motor

  • Stainless Steel/ Rubber Exterior


Piping
Piping

  • Total Pumping Head: 33.69’ (10 m)

    • 12’ (stand)

      6.34’ (tank)

      3.47’ (Fitting Losses)

      0 .81’ (Friction Losses)

      9.46’ (pump to grade)

  • GI Piping for Risers, out of ground piping, spigots

    • 40 mm for Well  Tank, Tank Outlet, Taps 2-4

    • 20 mm for Tap 1

  • 40 mm HDPE tubing for underground lateral piping

  • 1” GI Drop Pipe

  • Piping to be buried 2’ underground


Spigots
Spigots

  • 4 taps

    • 1) Adjacent to the tank (2-3 m)

    • 2) 341⁰N, 93m

    • 3) 10⁰N, 153m

    • 4) 83⁰E, 55m (1 ft. elevation rise)

  • Concrete Slab as foundation for each water tap

    • 24 in x 24 in x 5 in


Other design measures
Other Design Measures

  • Well Cover:

    • Working with ATCDI to fabricate

  • Drop Pipe Support:

    • Working with structural engineer to verify strength

    • Working with ATCDI to fabricate


Work division
Work Division

  • PUC

    • Laying of concrete slabs for taps

    • Organize laying of pipe with community

    • Oversee proper use of materials

  • ATCDI

    • Organize laying of pipe with community

    • Oversee proper construction of system

    • Cutting of pipe length

  • Mangiang Community

    • Dig trenches for piping

    • Lay pipeline with supervision

    • Mixing concrete



Overview
Overview

  • Pump Input Power: 145 W

    • Voc > 34V

  • Grounding Equipment

    • Copper Grounding Rod/

      Wire attached to panel frame

  • PVC Conduit buried 2’

  • Circuit Breaker for manual shut off


Components
Components

  • Solar Panel

  • Solar Panel Mount

  • 80 mm Panel Support pipe: 2.6 mm

  • Circuit Breaker

  • Copper Grounding Wire

  • Copper Grounding Rod

  • Grounding Lugs

  • Outdoor Cabling- 3 wire

  • PS 200 Control Box

  • PVC Conduit

  • Submersible Pump Cable- 3 wire

  • EC Drive Motor

  • HR-14 Submersible Pump

  • Water Level Probe

  • Submersible Cable for Float Switch

  • Cable Splice

  • Float Switch

  • MC4 Connections

  • Stainless Steel Drop Cable

  • Cable Ties

  • Electrical Tape


Work division1
Work Division

  • ATCDI will oversee construction with much assistance from PUC

    • ATCDI has employees who are capable of installing electrical equipment

  • PUC will be responsible for ensuring proper safety and assembly of system

  • ATCDI/Unitech is responsible for final verification of a quality system

    • Electrician from ATCDI will verify correct and safe implementation of electrical system


Material acquisition
Material Acquisition

  • Solar equipment purchased from SOLCO supplier

    • Purchased by team

  • ATCDI will procure additional materials before team arrives

  • All piping and fittings will be purchased in Lae at one of multiple locations

    • Plum Trade is primary option

  • Tank stand materials will be purchased in Lae

    • Atlas supplier


Material transportation
Material Transportation

  • Working with Matthew Smith at EHL to obtain truck to transport materials

    • Originally conceptualized by Marty Rumbaugh and Graham Lawrence during recon trip




System manual
System Manual

  • Team will create as-built drawings to include with manual

  • Included information

    • Maintenance of system

    • Basic water hygiene

    • Improving water quality

    • Improving security of system



Support obtained
Support Obtained

  • Support from EHL

    • Contributor: Jimmy Canning

    • Coordinators: Matthew Smith and Graham Lawrence

    • Lodging and Food

    • Transportation and Security

  • EAB

    • $14,000 for materials and technical advisor travel

  • ATCDI/Mangiang Community

    • Primarily unskilled labor

    • Consulting fees to ATCDI


Indiegogo campaign
Indiegogo Campaign

  • Raised $1,036

  • Received $911.68

  • Less $110 for perks

  • Back to PUC

    • $801.68 and any unused project funds









Transfer progress
Transfer Progress

  • ATCDI

    • Received bank routing information

    • Have sent Work Agreement and PIF to ATCDI

      • Awaiting response

  • SOLCO

    • Have received PIF and bank routing information

    • Finalizing quote for solar equipment



Hygiene and water safety
Hygiene and Water Safety

  • Community has basic knowledge of hygiene and water usage but limited practice

  • Activities with designated community groups

  • Surveys (Baseline/Evaluation)


Hygiene and water safety plan
Hygiene and Water Safety Plan

Women’s Group

School Children

  • One day during implementation

  • Posters

    • Easily translated

    • Donate to school

  • Activities

    • Glitter game

    • Board game

  • Limitation: Language barrier

    • Translated materials

    • Bob Kamila, Water Users committee, or security personnel (?)



Surveys
Surveys

  • Red Cross and Red Crescent PHAST Base-line Survey

    • Abbreviated

    • Focus on water sources, usage, and hygiene

  • Maniang Water Initiative Community Impact Survey

    • Written by Jane, Crystal, and Anna Harris (Dr. Gilbert’s student)

    • Social impact of PUC project

    • IRB approval submitted to Dr. Gilbert TODAY


Surveys1
Surveys

  • Recruitment

    • Start with established contact in the Water Users Committee

    • From there, branch out to others in the community



Focus areas moving forward
Focus Areas Moving Forward

  • Travel Logistics

    • Work with ATCDI to obtain aid work visas

  • Technical Planning

    • Finalize cost of materials

    • Finalize constructability issues

    • Details of truck for material transportation

    • Procure solar equipment

    • Work Agreement between PUC and ATCDI

      • Begin procuring materials

  • Individual Student Preparation

    • Obtain Australian visas

    • Register travel with ISOS


Thank You!

Questions?


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