Mangiang water initiative
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Mangiang Water Initiative. Projects for Underserved Communities 2012-2013 Papua New Guinea Team. Introduction. Our Team. Manav Mandhani. Jane Kilgore ✔. Logistics. Taylor Nordstrom. Ashwin Ramaswami ✔. Project Manager. Assistant PM/Design Lead. Crystal Cassimere ✔.

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Mangiang Water Initiative

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Mangiang water initiative

Mangiang Water Initiative

Projects for Underserved Communities 2012-2013

Papua New Guinea Team


Introduction

Introduction


Our team

Our Team

Manav Mandhani

Jane Kilgore ✔

Logistics

Taylor Nordstrom

Ashwin Ramaswami ✔

Project Manager

Assistant PM/Design Lead

Crystal Cassimere ✔

Community Impact

Communications

Nita Soni ✔

Tank Stand Design


Papua new guinea

Papua New Guinea


Primary stakeholders

Primary Stakeholders


Our project

Our Project

  • Existing Well

  • Previous Solar Pumping Project


Focus areas since slab 4

Focus Areas Since SLAB 4

  • Technical Advisor

    • Neil Higa

  • Design

    • Finalizing Design

      • Tank Stand

    • Finalizing Budget

      • Wire transfer

  • Logistics

    • Visas

    • Flights

    • On-the-ground support


Travel

Travel


Implementation trip plan

Implementation Trip Plan

August 9th – August 25th

  • Travel Information

    • Team lands in Lae on August 12th

    • 11 days in Mangiang

  • Travelers

    • Project Manager: Ashwin Ramaswami (BME)

    • Crystal Cassimere (SW)

    • Nita Soni (ME)

    • Jane Kilgore (SW)

    • Technical Advisor: Neil Higa


Travel logistics

Travel Logistics

  • Accommodation

    • 11-Mile Camp (team divided among two buildings)

    • Single Furnished Rooms

    • Amenities: Air conditioning, fitness facilities, on-site security, Internet access, free same-day laundry

    • Food Provided

      • Boxed lunches

      • Community provides lunch during visits


Mangiang water initiative

  • Communication

    • Cell phone service available in Mangiang

    • Drivers/Security carry cell phones and satellite phones

  • Transportation

    • Two-vehicle escort

    • Well-paved highway, except for periodic potholes

    • Final 100m only traversable by four-wheel drive

    • Depart camp at 6 am; leave Mangiang at 3 pm

  • Travel and Security

    • Provided by G4S through EHL

    • Security will escort travelers between Domestic and International terminals in Port Moresby

    • Driver and security escort at all times in Lae and Mangiang

      • Satellite phones, radio communication

    • Confirmed attendance with Bob Kamila to Mangiang


Travel preparation

Travel Preparation

  • Completed

    • Flight procurement

    • Travel physicals

    • Immunizations

  • In Progress

    • PNG Visas

      • $50/person due upon arrival

    • Australian visas

  • Flight Donations

    • Jim Wiethorn (300,000 miles)

    • Mary Lou Ralls-Newman (20,000 miles)

    • Matthew Smith (approx. 300,000 miles)

    • Shauna Black (20,000 miles)


First aid

First Aid

  • Team has purchased:

  • Available at EHL:

    • Full-time doctor and clinic available at camp


Design

Design


Design progress

Design Progress

  • Finalized all PUC design

  • Sent design packet to ATCDI

    • Working to confirm material prices

  • Working with ATCDI on constructability


Design schematic

Design Schematic


Tank stand

Tank Stand


Advisors

Advisors

  • Dr. Tassoulas

  • Dr. Engelhardt

  • PhD student: Kerry Kreitman


Assumptions

Assumptions


Structure

Structure


Connections

Connections


Footings

Footings


Construction

Construction

At Unitech

- Cut members to size, drill holes, cut slots

- Weld plates to beams

- Weld L-brace to beams

- Assemble two frames

Truck materials to Mangiang

At Maniang site

- Dig holes for 4 column bases

- Place frames in holes and lift

- Bolt the X-braces in place

- Bolt the 2 remaining perimeter beams

- Bolt the interior beams

- Widen the base holes

- Make footing forms

- Start mixing concrete

- Insert rebar to column

- Add concrete

-Cover with tarp for several days

-Place and secure tank with chains/straps


Hydraulic system

Hydraulic System


Design overview

Design Overview

  • Population Serving: 500 people in village center

  • Daily Demand/Person: 20 L

    -Drinking, cooking, sanitation

  • Total Demand: 10,000 L/day

  • System: Non-battery powered, will pump when appropriate solar insolation

  • Pump/Controller: Lorentz PS200 HR-14

  • Storage Tank: 9000L Tuffa Tank

  • Assumed Pumping Day: 5 hrs (conservative)

  • Design Pumping Rate: 33.3 L/min (9 gpm)


Pump controller

Pump/Controller

  • Lorentz PS200 HR-14

    • Helical Rotor Submersible Pump

    • PS 200 Controller

      • Controls Pump System

      • Two inputs: Well Probe (Dry Running Protection) + Float Switch (tank)

      • Adjustable Pump Speed

      • Time Delays for Low-Water Level, Full Tank, Insufficient Sun

      • Indicator Lights: System Power, Pump On, Source Low, Tank Full, Insufficient Sunshine, Pump Speed

      • Over Current Protection

      • Clear Casing to be covered


Pump controller1

Pump/Controller

  • Helical Rotor Submersible Pump

  • Life up to 15 years with proper operation

    • Float switches

    • Well cover to prevent debris

    • Proper electrical components

  • DC motor

  • Stainless Steel/ Rubber Exterior


Piping

Piping

  • Total Pumping Head: 33.69’ (10 m)

    • 12’ (stand)

      6.34’ (tank)

      3.47’ (Fitting Losses)

      0 .81’ (Friction Losses)

      9.46’ (pump to grade)

  • GI Piping for Risers, out of ground piping, spigots

    • 40 mm for Well  Tank, Tank Outlet, Taps 2-4

    • 20 mm for Tap 1

  • 40 mm HDPE tubing for underground lateral piping

  • 1” GI Drop Pipe

  • Piping to be buried 2’ underground


Spigots

Spigots

  • 4 taps

    • 1) Adjacent to the tank (2-3 m)

    • 2) 341⁰N, 93m

    • 3) 10⁰N, 153m

    • 4) 83⁰E, 55m (1 ft. elevation rise)

  • Concrete Slab as foundation for each water tap

    • 24 in x 24 in x 5 in


Other design measures

Other Design Measures

  • Well Cover:

    • Working with ATCDI to fabricate

  • Drop Pipe Support:

    • Working with structural engineer to verify strength

    • Working with ATCDI to fabricate


Work division

Work Division

  • PUC

    • Laying of concrete slabs for taps

    • Organize laying of pipe with community

    • Oversee proper use of materials

  • ATCDI

    • Organize laying of pipe with community

    • Oversee proper construction of system

    • Cutting of pipe length

  • Mangiang Community

    • Dig trenches for piping

    • Lay pipeline with supervision

    • Mixing concrete


Solar system

Solar System


Overview

Overview

  • Pump Input Power: 145 W

    • Voc > 34V

  • Grounding Equipment

    • Copper Grounding Rod/

      Wire attached to panel frame

  • PVC Conduit buried 2’

  • Circuit Breaker for manual shut off


Components

Components

  • Solar Panel

  • Solar Panel Mount

  • 80 mm Panel Support pipe: 2.6 mm

  • Circuit Breaker

  • Copper Grounding Wire

  • Copper Grounding Rod

  • Grounding Lugs

  • Outdoor Cabling- 3 wire

  • PS 200 Control Box

  • PVC Conduit

  • Submersible Pump Cable- 3 wire

  • EC Drive Motor

  • HR-14 Submersible Pump

  • Water Level Probe

  • Submersible Cable for Float Switch

  • Cable Splice

  • Float Switch

  • MC4 Connections

  • Stainless Steel Drop Cable

  • Cable Ties

  • Electrical Tape


Work division1

Work Division

  • ATCDI will oversee construction with much assistance from PUC

    • ATCDI has employees who are capable of installing electrical equipment

  • PUC will be responsible for ensuring proper safety and assembly of system

  • ATCDI/Unitech is responsible for final verification of a quality system

    • Electrician from ATCDI will verify correct and safe implementation of electrical system


Material acquisition

Material Acquisition

  • Solar equipment purchased from SOLCO supplier

    • Purchased by team

  • ATCDI will procure additional materials before team arrives

  • All piping and fittings will be purchased in Lae at one of multiple locations

    • Plum Trade is primary option

  • Tank stand materials will be purchased in Lae

    • Atlas supplier


Material transportation

Material Transportation

  • Working with Matthew Smith at EHL to obtain truck to transport materials

    • Originally conceptualized by Marty Rumbaugh and Graham Lawrence during recon trip


Schedule

Schedule


Schedule1

Schedule


System manual

System Manual

  • Team will create as-built drawings to include with manual

  • Included information

    • Maintenance of system

    • Basic water hygiene

    • Improving water quality

    • Improving security of system


Budget and fundraising

Budget and Fundraising


Support obtained

Support Obtained

  • Support from EHL

    • Contributor: Jimmy Canning

    • Coordinators: Matthew Smith and Graham Lawrence

    • Lodging and Food

    • Transportation and Security

  • EAB

    • $14,000 for materials and technical advisor travel

  • ATCDI/Mangiang Community

    • Primarily unskilled labor

    • Consulting fees to ATCDI


Indiegogo campaign

Indiegogo Campaign

  • Raised $1,036

  • Received $911.68

  • Less $110 for perks

  • Back to PUC

    • $801.68 and any unused project funds


Solar pump expenses

Solar & Pump Expenses


Piping expenses

Piping Expenses


Tank stand expenses

Tank Stand Expenses


Capital project expenses

Capital Project Expenses


Technical advisor expenses

Technical Advisor Expenses


Miscellaneous project expenses

Miscellaneous Project Expenses


Budget summary

Budget Summary


Transfer progress

Transfer Progress

  • ATCDI

    • Received bank routing information

    • Have sent Work Agreement and PIF to ATCDI

      • Awaiting response

  • SOLCO

    • Have received PIF and bank routing information

    • Finalizing quote for solar equipment


Social work

Social Work


Hygiene and water safety

Hygiene and Water Safety

  • Community has basic knowledge of hygiene and water usage but limited practice

  • Activities with designated community groups

  • Surveys (Baseline/Evaluation)


Hygiene and water safety plan

Hygiene and Water Safety Plan

Women’s Group

School Children

  • One day during implementation

  • Posters

    • Easily translated

    • Donate to school

  • Activities

    • Glitter game

    • Board game

  • Limitation: Language barrier

    • Translated materials

    • Bob Kamila, Water Users committee, or security personnel (?)


Hygiene and water safety1

Hygiene and Water Safety


Surveys

Surveys

  • Red Cross and Red Crescent PHAST Base-line Survey

    • Abbreviated

    • Focus on water sources, usage, and hygiene

  • Maniang Water Initiative Community Impact Survey

    • Written by Jane, Crystal, and Anna Harris (Dr. Gilbert’s student)

    • Social impact of PUC project

    • IRB approval submitted to Dr. Gilbert TODAY


Surveys1

Surveys

  • Recruitment

    • Start with established contact in the Water Users Committee

    • From there, branch out to others in the community


Conclusion

Conclusion


Focus areas moving forward

Focus Areas Moving Forward

  • Travel Logistics

    • Work with ATCDI to obtain aid work visas

  • Technical Planning

    • Finalize cost of materials

    • Finalize constructability issues

    • Details of truck for material transportation

    • Procure solar equipment

    • Work Agreement between PUC and ATCDI

      • Begin procuring materials

  • Individual Student Preparation

    • Obtain Australian visas

    • Register travel with ISOS


Mangiang water initiative

Thank You!

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