Regulatory Overview. On July 9, 2004, the Federal Advisory Committee on cranes and derricks (C-DAC) reached a consensus for a new crane and derricks standard.In May 2008, as part of its semiannual regulatory agenda, OSHA mentioned plans to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking on cranes and der
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1. Crane-Related Deaths and Injuries in Construction, 1992 - 2006
2. Regulatory Overview On July 9, 2004, the Federal Advisory Committee on cranes and derricks (C-DAC) reached a consensus for a new crane and derricks standard.
In May 2008, as part of its semiannual regulatory agenda, OSHA mentioned plans to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking on cranes and derricks in the August 2008 Federal Register.
8. Crane-Related Deaths in Construction by Year, 1992-2006
9. Causes of Crane-Related Deaths in Construction, 1992-2006
10. Types of Cranes Involved in Fatalities Mobile cranes
Floating or barge cranes
11. Mobile Cranes
Mobile cranes were involved in:
80 of 95 (84%) of overhead power line incidents
37 of 59 (63%) of crane collapses
35 of 59 (60%) of struck by boom/jib incidents
12. Tower Cranes Tower cranes were
16 of 306 (5%) of all crane related incidents
5 of 24 (21%) of struck by crane load incidents
5 of 59 (8%) of struck by boom/jib deaths
13. Other/unspecified cranes Other/unspecified cranes were involved in 24% of all crane related incidents, including:
13 floating or barge crane incidents
12 overhead crane incidents
14. Main Causes of Worker Deaths, by Frequency Electrocutions – from overhead power lines
Struck by falling boom/jib
Struck by crane load
15. Overhead Power Line Electrocutions
16. Crane Collapses
17. Struck by Falling Booms/Jibs
18. Struck By Crane Loads
19. Trades of Workers Who Died
20. Recommendations Crane operators should be certified.
Presently only 15 states and a few cities (including New York City and Chicago) require certification.
Crane riggers and signalpersons should be certified.
Crane inspectors should be certified.
OSHA only requires that they be competent persons
21. Recommendations (cont.) Cranes should be inspected after assembly or modification.
Only trained workers under the supervision of a qualified person and competent person should assemble or disassemble cranes.
Crane loads should not be allowed to pass over street traffic.
22. Recommendations (cont.) OSHA should conduct more thorough investigations of crane-related fatalities and capture more complete data in its reporting system.
OSHA should immediately take action on the proposed consensus crane and derrick standard for construction and include recommendations from this report.
23. For Further Information Mike McCann: [email protected]
Janie Gittleman: [email protected]
Mary Watters: [email protected]
Electronic Library of Construction Safety and Health (eLCOSH): www.elcosh.org
CPWR – The Center for Construction Research and Training: www.cpwr.com