Argumentative writing
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Argumentative Writing. How to Shine a Positive Light on your Opinions and thus Argue Better. The Parts of a Good Argument. Claim Evidence Warrant Counterclaim Rebuttal. Claim (thesis statement). States what you are arguing for; what point you are trying to make. Claim must be-

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Argumentative Writing

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Argumentative writing

Argumentative Writing

How to Shine a Positive Light on your Opinions and thus Argue Better


The parts of a good argument

The Parts of a Good Argument

Claim

Evidence

Warrant

Counterclaim

Rebuttal


Claim thesis statement

Claim (thesis statement)

States what you are arguing for; what point you are trying to make.

Claim must be-

1) Debatable: reasonable people could disagree with it

2) Narrow: not too big to deal with

Example: Energy drinks are bad for people.


Evidence data

Evidence (data)

Supports your claim.

-not just more opinions but information from reliable sources that include-

  • Facts or statistics

    • Energy drinks have caused the deaths of 18 people.

  • Expert opinion

    • The Food & Drug Administration has shown …

  • Personal experience

    • I once had to have a heart monitor attached…


Warrant bridge

Warrant (bridge)

Explains your pieces of evidence (arguments) and connects them to your claim.

A warrant -

  • Is Logical – makes sense

  • Is Reasonable – avoids excessive emotion

  • Does not assume – sticks with the evidence


Counterclaim opposite argument

Counterclaim (opposite argument)

Disagrees with your claim.

Reasonable people can disagree with your claim.

  • What do they think? (claim)

    • Energy drinks make workers more efficient.

  • What is their evidence?

    • Productivity increases when workers use …


Rebuttal evidence

Rebuttal (evidence)

Explains why the counterclaim is wrong.

You can reasonably disagree with the counterclaim.

  • Why are they wrong?

    • Productivity is good, but sleep problems can occur.

  • What is your evidence as to why they are wrong?

    • A worker who crashes after a few hours is…


Argumentative writing1

Argumentative Writing

Must have:

  • Claim

  • Evidence

  • Warrant

  • Counterclaim

  • Rebuttal


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