Historicity of Jain Tirthankars . JAINA Convention, San Jose July 2, 2005. Yashwant K. Malaiya. Historicity of Jain Tirthankars . Antiquity of Jainism: Tradition and history Tirthankaras in Brahmin and Buddhist books The Shramana tradition
JAINA Convention, San Jose
July 2, 2005
Yashwant K. Malaiya
I compiled my family history 35 years ago.
Traditions becomes history:
Tradition lost but history found:
Both tradition and archaeological finds provide occasional samples, from which history is constructed.
Swetambara: Logassa Sutra (Avashyaka sutra)
Digambara: Thossami Thudi (Tirthankara)
Images identified using inscriptions & hair/hood:
Kushana period (78-176 CE):
Last Jina (599 BCE-527 BCE)
Parshva: 23rd Jina (10th cent BCE)
Chap 3:Rishabhadeva's Appearance in the Womb of Merudevî, the Wife of King Nâbhi
Chap 4:The Characteristics of Rishabhadeva
Thus .. most exalted in as well his bodily features as in having all the qualities as described by the poets, did the father thus give Him because of His strength, beauty, fame, .., the name Rishabha, the best one.
Of his sones was indeed the eldest, Bharata, a great practitioner of yoga; he had the best qualities and it was he of whom this land was called Bhârata-varsha by the people.
5: Lord Rishabhadeva's Teachings to His Sons
Lord Rishabha said: 'My dear sons: This body carried by all within this material world … is worth the trouble of the austerities and penances for the sake of the divine from which the heart becomes purified and for certain an unending spiritual happiness is found.
Although He remained with what He was at home, accepted He, only physically, like a madman with his hair unkempt, the sky for His .dress and roamed He, .., far and wide from Brahmâvarta.
6: Lord Rishabhadeva's Activities
Lord Rishabhadeva who Himself was free from any vital interest. He on His own traveled the lands of South India: Konka, Venka and Kuthaka in the province of Karnâta, and reached a forest nearby Kuthakâcala. There .. He … wandered around naked and with scatted hair. With a fierce forest fire blazing all around that was caused by the friction of bamboo's tossed by the force of the wind, was His body then in that forest burned to ashes.
Hearing of His pastimes of being free from all ritual and custom, took the king of Konka, Venka and Kuthaka who carried the name Arhat to an imitation of them
Some of the questions asked by the audience: