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The Writing Process. The Writing Process:. A cycle for successful writers. Publish. The Writing Process. The Writing Process. Authors use the writing process to write effectively. This process has five steps. Prewrite : plan the writing Draft: write the sentences

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the writing process

The Writing Process

The Writing Process:

A cycle for successful writers

Publish

the writing process1

The Writing Process

The Writing Process

Authors use the writing process to write effectively. This process has five steps.

  • Prewrite: plan the writing
  • Draft: write the sentences
  • Revise: improve the writing
  • Edit: correct the writing
  • Publish: share the writing
slide3

The Writing Process

Good writers use all five steps as they compose.

  • You will usually follow the steps in order, but not always.
  • You might skip a step and come back to it later.
  • Other times you might repeat a step several times.
  • Some pieces of writing take longer to develop than others.

The writing process will probably unfold differently every time you write!

step 1 prewrite

The Writing Process

Step 1: Prewrite

Choose a Topic

  • What topics interest you?
  • What topics do you know a lot about?
  • What topics might interest your reader?

Gather Ideas

  • Think of specific ideas related to your topic.
  • Think of ideas that your audience might not know.

Organize Ideas

  • Choose clear, unique, and interesting ideas.
  • Group related ideas together.
prewriting strategies

The Writing Process

Prewriting Strategies
  • Read
  • Draw
  • Listen
  • Make a Web
  • Talk
  • Brainstorm
  • Debate
  • Free-write
  • Journal
  • Think
more prewriting strategies

The Writing Process

More Prewriting Strategies
  • Tell a story
  • Do an experiment
  • Narrow a topic
  • Interview an expert

(or the teacher!)

  • Use a graphic organizer
  • Look at drawings or pictures
  • Listen to music
  • Surf the Internet (supervised)
step 2 draft

The Writing Process

Step 2: Draft

Refer to your prewriting.

  • It will help you get started.
  • It will help you stay organized as you draft.

Write your ideas into sentences and paragraphs.

  • Get your ideas on paper neatly and correctly.
  • Fix mistakes you notice, but don’t stop to check conventions.

Use good word choice.

  • Use clear, descriptive words that you already know.
  • Don’t slow down to look up new words.

Write with an appropriate voice.

  • Write as if you were having a face-to-face conversation with the reader.
drafting strategies

The Writing Process

Drafting Strategies
  • Let your ideas flow freely onto the paper.
  • Use your prewriting as a guide, but feel free to add new ideas or remove ideas.
  • Pay attention to neatness and correctness, but don’t slow down to check for mistakes.
  • Include a beginning, middle, and ending.
  • Double-space, respect margins, and cross out text instead of erasing.
step 3 revise

The Writing Process

Step 3: Revise

Make your writing better:

  • Add interesting ideas and delete boring ones.
  • Make sure everything is in the correct order.
  • Use a mix of long and short sentences.
  • Start your sentences with a variety of words.
  • Replace ordinary or overused words with clear and precise ones.
revising strategies

The Writing Process

Revising Strategies

NOTE: Writers do not necessarily revise for all traits on every paper!

  • Focus on one trait at a time.
  • Use a rubric to guide your changes.
  • Read your paper aloud. Put it down for fifteen minutes. Then read it aloud again.
  • Make sure ideas are in order, and use transitions.
  • Mix long sentences and short ones.
  • Use the thesaurus carefully! Choose only words that you are sure make sense.
  • Include a great introduction and a thoughtful conclusion.
step 4 edit

The Writing Process

Step 4: Edit

Make your writing correct and easy to read. Focus on conventions:

  • Spelling
  • Capitalization
  • Punctuation
  • Grammar
editing strategies

The Writing Process

Editing Strategies

NOTE: Writers do not necessarily edit for all traits on every paper!

  • Edit for one thing at a time.
  • Check spelling backwards, starting with the last word.
  • Use a conventions rubric to guide your changes.
  • Read your paper aloud. Put it down for fifteen minutes. Then read it aloud again.
  • Double-check all proper nouns, titles, and the first word of each sentence. Are they capitalized?
step 5 publish

The Writing Process

Step 5: Publish

Focus on presentation.

Share your writing. This can be done

  • aloud.
  • in print.
  • by displaying your work.
  • by mail or e-mail.
  • electronically.
  • Handwriting
  • Margins
  • Ink color
  • Graphics
  • Spacing
publishing strategies

The Writing Process

Publishing Strategies

NOTE: Not all written work will necessarily be published!

  • Author’s Chair
  • Gallery Walk
  • Read or display excerpts in class
  • Class-bound volume or anthology
  • Newspaper
  • Website (school or other—supervised)
  • Assembly
  • Bulletin board
  • Small-group sharing
  • Contests
the writing process2

The Writing Process

The Writing Process:

A cycle for successful writers

Publish

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