The writing process
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The Writing Process. The Writing Process:. A cycle for successful writers. Publish. The Writing Process. The Writing Process. Authors use the writing process to write effectively. This process has five steps. Prewrite : plan the writing Draft: write the sentences

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The writing process

The Writing Process

The Writing Process:

A cycle for successful writers

Publish


The writing process1

The Writing Process

The Writing Process

Authors use the writing process to write effectively. This process has five steps.

  • Prewrite: plan the writing

  • Draft: write the sentences

  • Revise: improve the writing

  • Edit: correct the writing

  • Publish: share the writing


The writing process

The Writing Process

Good writers use all five steps as they compose.

  • You will usually follow the steps in order, but not always.

  • You might skip a step and come back to it later.

  • Other times you might repeat a step several times.

  • Some pieces of writing take longer to develop than others.

    The writing process will probably unfold differently every time you write!


Step 1 prewrite

The Writing Process

Step 1: Prewrite

Choose a Topic

  • What topics interest you?

  • What topics do you know a lot about?

  • What topics might interest your reader?

    Gather Ideas

  • Think of specific ideas related to your topic.

  • Think of ideas that your audience might not know.

    Organize Ideas

  • Choose clear, unique, and interesting ideas.

  • Group related ideas together.


Prewriting strategies

The Writing Process

Prewriting Strategies

  • Read

  • Draw

  • Listen

  • Make a Web

  • Talk

  • Brainstorm

  • Debate

  • Free-write

  • Journal

  • Think


More prewriting strategies

The Writing Process

More Prewriting Strategies

  • Tell a story

  • Do an experiment

  • Narrow a topic

  • Interview an expert

    (or the teacher!)

  • Use a graphic organizer

  • Look at drawings or pictures

  • Listen to music

  • Surf the Internet (supervised)


Step 2 draft

The Writing Process

Step 2: Draft

Refer to your prewriting.

  • It will help you get started.

  • It will help you stay organized as you draft.

    Write your ideas into sentences and paragraphs.

  • Get your ideas on paper neatly and correctly.

  • Fix mistakes you notice, but don’t stop to check conventions.

    Use good word choice.

  • Use clear, descriptive words that you already know.

  • Don’t slow down to look up new words.

    Write with an appropriate voice.

  • Write as if you were having a face-to-face conversation with the reader.


Drafting strategies

The Writing Process

Drafting Strategies

  • Let your ideas flow freely onto the paper.

  • Use your prewriting as a guide, but feel free to add new ideas or remove ideas.

  • Pay attention to neatness and correctness, but don’t slow down to check for mistakes.

  • Include a beginning, middle, and ending.

  • Double-space, respect margins, and cross out text instead of erasing.


Step 3 revise

The Writing Process

Step 3: Revise

Make your writing better:

  • Add interesting ideas and delete boring ones.

  • Make sure everything is in the correct order.

  • Use a mix of long and short sentences.

  • Start your sentences with a variety of words.

  • Replace ordinary or overused words with clear and precise ones.


Revising strategies

The Writing Process

Revising Strategies

NOTE: Writers do not necessarily revise for all traits on every paper!

  • Focus on one trait at a time.

  • Use a rubric to guide your changes.

  • Read your paper aloud. Put it down for fifteen minutes. Then read it aloud again.

  • Make sure ideas are in order, and use transitions.

  • Mix long sentences and short ones.

  • Use the thesaurus carefully! Choose only words that you are sure make sense.

  • Include a great introduction and a thoughtful conclusion.


Step 4 edit

The Writing Process

Step 4: Edit

Make your writing correct and easy to read. Focus on conventions:

  • Spelling

  • Capitalization

  • Punctuation

  • Grammar


Editing strategies

The Writing Process

Editing Strategies

NOTE: Writers do not necessarily edit for all traits on every paper!

  • Edit for one thing at a time.

  • Check spelling backwards, starting with the last word.

  • Use a conventions rubric to guide your changes.

  • Read your paper aloud. Put it down for fifteen minutes. Then read it aloud again.

  • Double-check all proper nouns, titles, and the first word of each sentence. Are they capitalized?


Step 5 publish

The Writing Process

Step 5: Publish

Focus on presentation.

Share your writing. This can be done

  • aloud.

  • in print.

  • by displaying your work.

  • by mail or e-mail.

  • electronically.

  • Handwriting

  • Margins

  • Ink color

  • Graphics

  • Spacing


Publishing strategies

The Writing Process

Publishing Strategies

NOTE: Not all written work will necessarily be published!

  • Author’s Chair

  • Gallery Walk

  • Read or display excerpts in class

  • Class-bound volume or anthology

  • Newspaper

  • Website (school or other—supervised)

  • Assembly

  • Bulletin board

  • Small-group sharing

  • Contests


The writing process2

The Writing Process

The Writing Process:

A cycle for successful writers

Publish


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