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What is fuel poverty and who suffers from it Energy Action, Dublin, 7.2.2011 Brenda Boardman Emeritus Fellow ECI Uni - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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What is fuel poverty and who suffers from it? Energy Action, Dublin, 7.2.2011 Brenda Boardman Emeritus Fellow ECI University of Oxford. Income + housing. Low income. High income. Energy inefficient housing. Energy efficient housing. Affordable warmth. }. {.

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What is fuel poverty

and who suffers from it?

Energy Action,

Dublin, 7.2.2011

Brenda Boardman

Emeritus Fellow

ECI

University of Oxford


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Income + housing

Low income

High income

Energy inefficient housing

Energy efficient housing


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Affordable warmth

}

{

10% of income for all energy services

Energy efficiency of the dwelling

24 hour mean internal temperature of 18°C

and all other energy services



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Heating costs: low-income, pensioner couple

Present £6.65

For adequate warmth

a) existing poorly insulated home

  • poor heating system £16.15 + £9.50

  • efficient heating system £10.35 + £3.70

b) well insulated home

  • efficient heating system £5.65 - £1.00


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Definition

  • A household is in fuel poverty if it needs to spend more than .... of its income on fuel to maintain a satisfactory heating regime and all other energy services

  • 10% = UK definition

  • Twice the median (as a proportion of expenditure) = possible EU definition


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Vulnerable

  • Misleading descriptor

  • 71% of 2008 English households contained someone who is:

    • elderly

    • young

    • disabled or

    • long-term sick


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Fuel poor pensionersEngland 2008

Pensioner households

Fuel poor households

49%

24% in fuel poverty



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Fuel poverty by SAP rating, 2006

Berr and Defra 2008, UK fuel poverty strategy 6th annual progress report, p55


Thank you www eci ox ac uk l.jpg
Thank youwww.eci.ox.ac.uk



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Identification

  • Simple method, for the doorstep, a ‘passport’, eg

    • receipt of a state benefit / pension

  • Sophisticated method of monitoring

  • Political decisions first, eg

    • priority for families or pensioners?

    • equivalisation

    • role of rent


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Real problem: fuel prices

  • World fuel prices rising, consistently

  • Government policy paid through utility bills

  • Liberalised market worsens fuel poverty

    • utilities focus price reductions on active, profitable market = rich

    • Poor left paying highest prices

  • = Stronger regulation, more government concern for fuel poverty and new tariffs


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Fuel poverty, England

Today?

$80/b

$50/b

$20/b


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Symptoms

  • Debt:

    • Elderly don’t get into debt: know they can never repay

    • Families will get into debt, to keep babies/ children warm

  • Disconnections – strongly driven by utility policy. Always an alternative

  • Excess winter deaths


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Housing energy standards:

fuel poverty and climate change


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rich

poor

a

green

c

b


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