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Wrongful Termination and Employment Discrimination. Illegal discrimination in the firing, firing, promoting of employees and in the allocation of employment benefits. opportunities and rewards. Final Exam is Tuesday, December 14 from 5:15 to 7:15 PM. OBE 118 Fall 2004 Professor McKinsey.

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Wrongful TerminationandEmployment Discrimination

Illegal discrimination in the firing, firing, promoting of employees and in the allocation of employment benefits. opportunities and rewards.

Final Exam is Tuesday, December 14 from 5:15 to 7:15 PM

OBE 118

Fall 2004

Professor McKinsey


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Final Exam

  • Tuesday, December 16 from 5:15 to 7:15 PM

  • All Multiple Choice (40 Questions)

  • Bring Scantron 882

  • You will have the whole exam period, but should not need the whole exam period


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Course and Instructor Evaluations

  • Please take the time to comment on any aspect of this course and my teaching of it. I read everything and consider it.

  • In addition to any other comments you might have, I would like to receive feedback on the three hour version of this class that you have just experienced.


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Right to Work?(Or Keep Working?)

“Right” – Contract?, Property? Civil?

An employee or person in the United States has no general right to a job but can have rights under contract law, tort law or civil rights that will create a situation that looks an awful lot like the “right to work”.


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Wrongful Termination?

The At-willEmployment versus Wrongful Discharge paradox

At-will employees can be fired for “any reason”

except:

  • Public Policy

  • Implied Contracts

  • Covenant of Good Faith and Fair Dealing


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Employment Discrimination

  • Racial Discrimination

Illegal discrimination can occur in hiring, firing and day to day discipline or rewards given to employees

  • Gender Discrimination

  • National Origin Discrimination

  • Religious Discrimination

  • Age Discrimination

  • Disability Discrimination


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Sexual Harassment

“Regular” discrimination

Employment Discrimination

  • Racial Discrimination

Illegal discrimination can occur in hiring, firing and day to day discipline or rewards given to employees

  • Gender Discrimination

  • National Origin Discrimination

  • Religious Discrimination

  • Age Discrimination

  • Disability Discrimination


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Affirmative Action

Employment Discrimination

  • Racial Discrimination

Illegal discrimination can occur in hiring, firing and day to day discipline or rewards given to employees

  • Gender Discrimination

  • National Origin Discrimination

  • Religious Discrimination

  • Age Discrimination

  • Disability Discrimination


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Employment Discrimination

  • Sometimes the facts show us that discrimination was intended and obvious (disparate treatment)

Distinguishing between express and implied discrimination

  • More often we have action by someone that has a discriminatory effect but no objective evidence of intent (disparate effect)

Why is intent relevant?


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Racial Discrimination

  • What is discrimination?

1) Express Intentional Discrimination (disparate treatment)

Discrimination on the basis of race or color is illegal. - Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII)

2) Disparate Impacts Discrimination

a) Action has disparate impacts

b) Action not necessitated by lawful business purpose


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Gender-Based Discrimination

  • Not as carte blanche as race based prohibition

  • Bona Fide Occupational Qualification (BFOC)

Discrimination on the basis of gender is illegal (sometimes) Title VII and EEOA of 1972

  • “Title VII permits distinctions based upon real sex-based differences…” - Ct of Appeals, 7th Cir.

Sexual Harassment- special form of gender discrimination

  • Quid pro quo

  • Hostile environment


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Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action Programs could constitute illegal discrimination on basis of sex or race

Supreme Court has ruled that hard quotas are illegal

“Soft” programs like preferences between equal candidates can be allowed

Prop 209- (California) – No preferential treatment allowed at all


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Disability Discrimination

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

  • Improve access

  • Cannot discriminate against disabled person able to perform essential functions of job (employers with 15 or more employees)

  • Must reasonably accommodate both of the above.

    Note: the ADA also effects public right to access some businesses.


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Age Discrimination

Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA) of 1967

  • No arbitrary age discrimination in employment of persons greater than 40 years of age

  • BFOQ available (like Gender based)

  • A court based upper limit of 70 years is generally recognized where BFOQ becomes easier to establish


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Employment Discrimination Summary

  • You can never intentionally discriminate on basis of race, national origin, or religion

  • You cannot, without a BFOQ, intentionally discriminate on basis of sex or age

  • You cannot intentionally discriminate on basis of disability without first reasonably accommodating the disability

  • Generally, if an action results in discrimination as described above you have to have legitimate and legal business reason to act.


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Final Exam

  • Tuesday, December 16 from 5:15 to 7:15 PM

  • All Multiple Choice (40 Questions)

  • Bring Scantron 882

  • You will have the whole exam period, but should not need the whole exam period


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Exam Topics

  • Property

  • Business Organizations

  • Employment Law


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