The supply and financing of canadian documentaries 1999 00 to 2003 04
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THE SUPPLY AND FINANCING OF CANADIAN DOCUMENTARIES 1999-00 TO 2003-04 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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THE SUPPLY AND FINANCING OF CANADIAN DOCUMENTARIES 1999-00 TO 2003-04. April 25, 2005. Purpose of the Study. Part of environmental scan for Documentary Policy Advisory Group The study examines: The volume of documentary production The main financiers Aggregate financing structures

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THE SUPPLY AND FINANCING OF CANADIAN DOCUMENTARIES 1999-00 TO 2003-04

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The supply and financing of canadian documentaries 1999 00 to 2003 04

THE SUPPLY AND FINANCING OF CANADIAN DOCUMENTARIES1999-00 TO 2003-04

April 25, 2005


Purpose of the study

Purpose of the Study

  • Part of environmental scan for Documentary Policy Advisory Group

  • The study examines:

    • The volume of documentary production

    • The main financiers

    • Aggregate financing structures

    • Historic trends (over the past five years) in the financing of documentaries


Volume of documentary production

Volume of Documentary Production

  • Over the past 5 years, over 6,000 hours have been made by independent producers

Hours of Canadian Documentary Production,

1999-00 to 2003-04

Year Television Feature FilmTotal

1999-00983.835.31,019.1

2000-011,405.732.11,437.8

2001-021,419.833.11,453.0

2002-031,378.528.41,407.0

2003-041,229.922.91,252.8

5-year total6,417.8151.96,569.6

Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


Volume of documentary production1

Volume of Documentary Production

  • Over $1 billion in independent documentary production activity

    Canadian Documentary Production Volume,

    1999-00 to 2003-04

    YearTelevisionFeature FilmTotal

    ($ millions)

    1999-00$155.07$15.82$170.8

    2000-01$206.37$9.48$215.85

    2001-02$237.68$9.22$246.91

    2002-03$252.67$7.58$260.25

    2003-04$232.99$6.54$239.54

    5-year total$1,084.78$48.65$1,133.43

    Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


Volume of documentary production2

Volume of Documentary Production

  • The NFB in 2003-04 contributed some $20M to Canadian documentary production; $2.1M of which is co-productions with independent producers

    Source: NFB, CAVCO


English language documentaries volume of production

English-language documentaries: volume of production

  • About 3,800 hours produced in 5 years

    Hours of English-Language Documentary Production

    1999-00 to 2003-04

    YearTelevisionFeature FilmTotal

    (hours)

    1999-00609.024.9633.9

    2000-01726.124.3750.4

    2001-02891.415.5906.9

    2002-03798.317.4815.7

    2003-04671.816.6688.4

    5-year total3,696.698.73,795.3

    Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


English language documentaries financing

English-language documentaries: financing

  • In English, most of the financing comes from broadcasters

    Share of Financing Provided by Various Sources, 1999-00 to 2003-04 (Selected Years)

    YearPublic PrivateBroadcastersForeign

    1999-0030.4%27.1% 28.6%13.9%

    2001-0226.5%26.2% 38.6%8.7%

    2003-0428.8%23.6% 37.4%10.2%

    3-year

    average 28.3%25.5% 35.5%10.6%

    Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


English language documentaries financing by format

English-language documentaries: financing by format

For feature-length production, most of the financing is from broadcasting sources

(Volume of production = $5.2 M)

Financing of Feature Docs, 2003-04

Source of FinancingShare of Financing Federal tax credits8.5%

CTF24.8%

NFB4.6%

Provincial tax credits10.0%

Provincial - other3.0%

Private funds5.6%

Public broadcasters12.5%

Private broadcasters0.3%

Pay/specialty broadcasters12.3%

Canadian Distributors10.0%

Canadian Producers5.7%

Other Canadian1.7%

Foreign0.9%


English language documentaries financing by format1

English-language documentaries: financing by format

One-offs are financed mainly via CTF

(Volume of production = $44.7M)

Financing of Television One-Offs, 2003-04

Source of FinancingShare of Financing

Federal 10.3%

CTF20.0%

NFB1.9%

Provincial tax credits9.6%

Provincial - other2.8%

Private funds3.2%

Public broadcasters13.5%

Private broadcasters5.4%

Pay/specialty broadcasters9.0%

Canadian Distributors4.0%

Canadian Producers8.3%

Other Canadian2.1%

Foreign10.0%


English language documentaries financing by format2

English-language documentaries: financing by format

Series have strong domestic (especially broadcasters) and foreign financing

(Volume of production = $121.4M)

Financing of Television Series, 2003-04

Source of FinancingShare of Financing

Federal tax credits5.6%

CTF10.7%

NFB0.2%

Provincial tax credits10.5%

Provincial - other0.9%

Private funds3.2%

Public broadcasters4.9%

Private broadcasters4.9%

Specialty broadcasters29.6%

Canadian Distributors6.3%

Canadian Producers2.8%

Other Canadian0.3%

Foreign20.2%


English language documentaries for television

English-language documentaries for television

The bulk of television production is series, which account for five times more production hours than one-offs

Hours of Television Production by Format

Year One-offsSeries

1999-00100.6510.8

2000-01142.2602.8

2001-02152.0752.5

2002-03157.0650.8

2003-04124.7579.3

5-year total676.53,096.3

Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


English language documentaries for television1

English-language documentaries for television

Per-hour production budgets have remained flat over the past five years

If inflation is factored in, per-hour budgets have declined in constant dollars

Volume of Television Production in millions of dollars

One-offsSeries

1999-00 $27.10$81.01

2000-01 $45.29$112.06

2001-02 $50.09$120.91

2002-03 $49.48$126.13

2003-04 $43.04$121.43

5-year total $215.01$561.5

Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


English language broadcasters licensing documentaries

English-language broadcasters licensing documentaries

Over the past few years, more broadcasters are licensing documentaries

  • In terms of one-off documentaries:

    • Mid-budget productions attract the most broadcaster interest

    • Low-budget productions, however, are attracting more broadcasters

  • In terms of series productions:

    • Lower-budget series have increased in popularity, particularly with specialty services

    • Big-budget series continue to be of interest to a small number of broadcasters

      Source: CTF


English language broadcasters licensing documentaries1

English-language broadcasters licensing documentaries

While at least two dozen broadcasters access CTF funding for English-language documentaries, that access is highly concentrated

  • In the past three years, five broadcasters have accessed 70% of CTF funding to English-language documentaries

    • The CBC claims almost ¼ of the CTF’s funding to English-language documentaries

    • Specialty services, in total, account for about 2/3 of CTF documentary funding

      Source: CTF


French language documentaries volume of production

French-language documentaries: volume of production

  • About 2,800 hours in 5 years, overwhelmingly in television

    French-Language Documentary Production, 1999-00 to 2003-04

    YearTelevisionFeature FilmTotal

    (hours)

    1999-00374.810.4385.2

    2000-01679.67.8687.4

    2001-02528.517.6546.0

    2002-03580.311.0591.3

    2003-04558.16.3564.4

    5-year total2,721.253.22,774.4

    Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


French language documentaries financing

French-language documentaries: financing

  • In French, most of the financing comes from the public sector

    Share of Financing Provided by Various Sources, 1999-00 to 2003-04 (Selected Years)

    YearPublic Private Broadcasters Foreign

    1999-0041.2%29.5% 27.5%1.8%

    2001-0240.9%24.7% 31.1%3.3%

    2003-0439.5%24.9% 35.3%0.3%

    3-year average 40.5%26.1% 31.7%1.8%

    Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


French language documentaries financing by format

French-language documentaries: financing by format

  • Feature-length docs account for only $1.2M in production, financed largely via tax credits and CTF

Financing of Feature-Length Documentaries, 2003-04

Source of Financing Share of Financing

Federal 9.6%

CTF18.6%

NFB8.4%

Provincial tax credits19.2%

Provincial - other8.7%

Private funds3.7%

Public broadcasters7.5%

Private broadcasters1.5%

Pay/specialty broadcasters6.3%

Canadian Distributors0.8%

Canadian Producers14.6%

Other Canadian1.1%


French language documentaries financing by format1

French-language documentaries: financing by format

  • One-offs are financed mainly via CTF and Quebec incentives

  • (volume of production = $21.7M)

Financing of One-Offs, 2003-04

Source of Financing Share of Financing

Federal tax credits8.3%

CTF24.5%

NFB2.5%

Provincial tax credits19.4%

Provincial - other5.3%

Private funds2.3%

Public broadcasters19.3%

Private broadcasters2.3%

Pay/specialty broadcasters3.7%

Canadian Distributors5.6%

Canadian Producers5.5%

Other Canadian0.8%

Foreign0.3%


French language documentaries financing by format2

French-language documentaries: financing by format

  • Series are financed heavily via CTF and specialty services (volume of production = $46.7M)

Financing of Series, 2003-04

Source of Financing Share of Financing

Federal tax credits9.9%

CTF21.5%

NFB0.4%

Provincial tax credits16.3%

Provincial - other1.2%

Private funds3.1%

Public broadcasters13.1%

Private broadcasters8.5%

Specialty broadcasters19.0%

Canadian Distributors1.6%

Canadian Producers3.7%

Other Canadian1.8%

Foreign0.1%


French language documentaries for television

French-language documentaries for television

  • Series account for over 7 times as many hours as one-offs

  • One-offs have nonetheless grown steadily; series are more volatile

Hours of Television Production by Format, 1999-00 to 2003-04

Year One-offsSeries

1999-0040.0334.8

2000-0151.0628.5

2001-0264.6463.9

2002-0370.2521.6

2003-0478.6479.5

5-year total304.42,428.4

Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


French language documentaries for television1

French-language documentaries for television

  • In dollar terms, however, series volume is only twice as high as one-off volume, which confirms that one-offs cost more to produce per hour

Volume of Production in millions of dollars 1999-00 to 2003-04

Year One-offsSeries

1999-00 $11.94$35.02

2000-01 $14.29$34.73

2001-02 $18.03$48.66

2002-03 $19.99$57.07

2003-04 $21.77$46.75

5-year total $86.02$222.2

Source: CAVCO (excludes NFB and public broadcaster in-house production)


French language broadcasters licensing documentaries

French-language broadcasters licensing documentaries

  • Far fewer broadcasters license documentaries in French compared to English

    • In terms of one-offs, specialty and public broadcasters are most active

    • There has been a decline in broadcaster hours of low- and mid-budget one-offs, but increased licensing activity in big-budget one-offs

    • Specialty services are most active in lower-budget series licensing

    • Big-budget series are more popular with the SRC than other broadcasters

      Source: CTF


French language broadcasters licensing documentaries1

French-language broadcasters licensing documentaries

  • In the past three years, 5 broadcasters have accessed 3/4 of CTF funding to French-language documentaries

    • The SRC claims over ¼ of the funding in documentaries

    • Educational broadcasters account for another 30%

      Source: CTF


Canadian documentary producers

Canadian Documentary Producers

  • The annual Playback survey shows that, in 2003, there were at least 75 documentary producers in Canada

    • 20 producers account for over 70% of the documentary production volume

    • Another 55 producers account for less than 30% of total documentary production volume

    • Fewer than half of the largest documentary producers also produce “magazine/lifestyle/reality” productions


Concluding observations

Concluding Observations

  • Documentaries are not homogeneous

  • Policy-makers should be aware of the large volume of documentary production, and its significant contribution to economic activity.


Concluding observations1

Concluding Observations

  • The public sector provides a majority of the financing, and CRTC-regulated broadcasters contribute a significant share. Policy and regulation need to be aligned.

  • If feature-length documentaries are important to policy-makers, then need to develop a theatrical market and financing tailored to their specific needs


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