How to Learn English as a Foreign Language Confidently. Seyyed Ahmad Fatemi-Samir Fatemi- سمیر فاطمی-سید احمد فاطمی. Why are you going to learn English as a foreign language? Why so many learners are suffering from learning English?
Seyyed Ahmad Fatemi-Samir Fatemi-سمیر فاطمی-سید احمد فاطمی
For what purpose are you going to learn English as a foreign language?
A. Instrumental motivation
B. Integrative motivation
C. The facts about English
(1) To get a better job or a promotion.
(2) To pass a required examination.
(3) To study in an English-speaking country.
(4) To present a research paper in an
(5) To help your students learn English well.
(1) To be interested in integrating into the
target language group.
(2) To know more about the culture of the
target language group.
(3) To be able to know another quarter of the
population in the world.
(1) 80% of the world’s electronically stored
information is in English.
(2) Three-quarters of the world’s mail is written in
(3) 80% of Internet users communicate in English.
(4) English is the main language of books,
newspapers, airports, and air-traffic control,
international business and technology, diplomacy,
sport, international competitions, pop music, and
(5) English has official or special status in at least 75/
195 countries, with a total population of over 2
(6) English is spoken as a first language by around
345 million, and as a second language by around
300 million people in the world.
From the British Council Website English Worldwide
A. The different processes in first and second
B. The different nature of Chinese and English.
C. The conflict between English learning and
D. The impractical orientation of language
(1) Exposure time
(2) For surviving / as a tool only
(3) Effort and effortless
(4) First language interferes the acquisition of second
a. Interfered by different sound systems. Tones /
stress / ending consonants / intonation
b. Interfered by different language functions.
Auxiliary / transitive V / adj clause / wh-movement
/ tense etc.
c. Interfered by different usage. (用、借、開etc.)
Ex1: The different usage of interrogative sentences acquisition.
1. Are you a student?
2. Is your father a doctor?
3. Were you there?
4. Was he angry?
5. Do you watch TV everyday?
6. Did you watch the TV program “Sex and the City”
7. Does he walk to school everyday?
8. Have you done your homework?
9. Will you have done your homework by then?
10. Had he been waiting for you long before you
Ex: The different usage of tenses acquisition.
Only 46.8% passed the test.
Answers to the usage of tenses acquisition.
(1) Ideographic language (表意文字語言) vs.
alphabetic language (字母拼音語言).
(2) Limited vs. increasing number of the words.
E.g. AIDS (acquired immune deficiency
syndrome) / tofu / kung fu / Internet / e-mail
愛滋病(後天性免疫不全症候群) / 叩應/
電腦/ 手機 / 轟趴
(3) Advanced vs. primary
Asking boy under pine tree.
Saying master going picking up herb medicine.
In the mountains.
Covering under heavy clouds, don’t know where.
(22 words used, 56% spared)
The possibly acceptable translation acquisition.
I asked a boy under the pine tree.
He said that his master is going picking
up herb medicine.
Heis in the mountains.
Becausethe mountains are covered
under the heavy clouds, He doesn’t
know where his master is.
(39 words used)
(1) Learning English is to pass the exams not to use
(2) Learning English is a subject not a language
(3) Daily language is hard to be learned in a classroom
setting and tested.
(4) It costs too much to have a test in speaking ability.
＊The following is what you are going to be tested.
What does this sign mean?
A. Stay on the line. B. Drive inside the line.
C. Keep the line straight. D. Stand in back of the line
Call 2943-6262 after 6:00
Where might a person see this?
A. On a menu. B. On street sign.
C. In a newspaper. D. In a telephone book.
A. comfortable B. gentle C. impossible D. serious
A. finish B. finished C. finishing D. to finish
Bob: No, he didn’t, but he bought ______ fish.
A. no B. any C. some D. both
Nina: Yes, my class is going hiking tomorrow.
A. can’t you B. don’t you C. aren’t you D. haven’t you
Read Amy’s diary and answer the questions.
May 30, 2003
Today I met an American on my way home. He asked me some
questions in English, but I couldn’t understand him. I was nervous and
couldn’t say a word.
I felt so depressed.
I study English very hard and I usually get the best grades on the
English tests. I am always looking for opportunities to practice speaking
English. But when the opportunity comes, I can’t do anything. I think I have
to study English much harder.
A. Sad. B. Bored. C. Lucky. D. Excited
A. It is dangerous to talk to strangers on the streets.
B. English is the most difficult subject for most students.
C. People who get nervous easily cannot get good grades in English.
D. Getting good grades in English does not mean we can use English well.
A. incident B. geography
C. skylight D. landmark
A. accident B. compliment
C. justification D. impulse
A. at all cost B. for a long while
C. in the long run D. by no means
Although Lily was born blind and deaf, she never felt discouraged.
Her story has proved that we can succeed so long as we make efforts.
(1) The starting age mystery.
(2) Language is learned effortless.
(3) Picked up vs. learned process.
(4) The chagrin of environment
A. Phonetics, phonology, and phonics
B. Syntax: pedagogical grammar
C. Usage: habit formation
(1) Phonetics (語音學): The study of the speech
sounds that occur in all human language to
represent meanings is called phonetics.
(2) Phonology (音韻學): The study of sound
patterns in language or as the sound
(3) Phonics (聲學，自然發音學): A method of
teaching beginners to read and pronounce
words by learning the phonetic value of
letters, letter groups, and especially syllables.
Note. V = vowel C = consonant
Exercise 1: One syllable confidently—independent learning concerned
1. [ta0m] 時間 2. [hGlp] 幫助
3. [w"k] 工作 4. [wik] 星期
Exercise 2: Two syllables
5. ['p0kn0k] 野餐 6. [bD'liv] 相信
7. ['fr0zbi] 飛盤 8. [hD'lo] 哈囉
Exercise 3: Three or above syllables
9. ['ta0p`ra0tQ] 打字機 10. ['Gvr0`hwGr] 到處
11.[0m'pCrtDnt] 重要的 12. ['GlDfDnt] 象
Learning Intonation confidently—independent learning concerned
How are you?
What is it?
Where are you?
Where is John?
Exercise 4: Intonation of the sentences
1. [hwAt '0z 0t↘] 2. [hwAt 0z jur 'nem↘]
3. [hwAt 'ta0 0z 0t] 4. [ArMe stKd0H '0HEl0N↗]
Exercise 1: Diphthongs and vowel letters
1.[let] l __ te 2. [Miz] th __ se
3. [ka0t] k __ te 4. [not] n __ te
5. [kjut] c __ te
Exercise 2: Monophthongs and vowel letters
6. [st$nd] st __ nd 7. [pGn] p __ n
8. [p0k] p __ ck 9. [dCE] d __ g
10. [bKs] b __ s
a. Imperative mood.
(Stand up. / Open your book. / Let’s go.)
b. Indicative mood.
c. Subjunctive mood.
(2) Nine primary sentence patterns of indicative mood.
a. S + be + N / Adj / Adv
b. S + Linking V + N / Adj
c. S + Intransitive V
d. S + Transitive V + O
e. S + Transitive V + O1 + O2
f. S + Transitive V + O + OC
Simple present / past / future tense
Progressive present / past / future e tense
Perfect present / past / future tense
Perfect Progressive present / past / future
(4) Tenses and the meaning of subjunctive mood
Simple present / past / future tense
Ex: confidently—independent learning concerned
If I’ve time, I will visit you.
If I had time, I would visit you.
If I were you, I wouldn’t give him money.
If you had studied at home yesterday,
you wouldn’t have met her on the street.
(1) Can I use the credit card?
(2) We are peace maker.
(3) May I borrow your telephone?
(4) I will learn more knowledge after I graduate.
(5) I am glad to have the chance to write for you.
(6) The birds are on the tree.
(7) I slept at nine last night.
(8) The department store is on sale.
(9) She pregnant.
(10) Did you write your homework?
(11) Do you like the movie? Yes, I like.
(12) And thank you for the offering on
recommendation letter, which I think
I will be needing it in the future time.
E. Jot down what you read and heard and make sure that you understand it well.
A. Attitude—native like is not possible / you are better than the ones you have to talk in their language if only you can communicate with them.
B. Sticks on a TV program or a movie that you like very much.
C. Make the note that keeps the track of the usage of the target language.
D. Try to have a pen pal who can not read in Chinese to e-mail each other.
Learning English is like playing a sport,
or singing a song. It takes time and
effort to achieve the goal.
Methods + achievement + tactics +
motivation + attitudes + time = success