Introduction to Organizational Behaviour. Concept of Behaviour : “Human Behaviour” is an important element in the functioning of any organization. Behaviour is anything that an employee does within an organizational setting. And behaviour is caused.
Concept of Behaviour:
S --------- O --------- RBasic Model of BehaviourS= StimulusO= OrganismR= Response
The Independent Variable:
“Independent variable is the presumed cause of some change in the dependent variable.”
(For Ex- Remuneration, work environment etc.)
The Dependent Variable:
“Dependent variable is a response that is affected by independent variable (s)”.
(For Ex- Job Satisfaction etc.)
According to Stephen P. Robbins :
“OB is a field of study that investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behaviour within organizations, for the purpose of applying such knowledge towards improving an organizational effectiveness.”
According to Joe Kelley :
“ Organizational behaviour is the systematic study of the nature of organization: how they begin, grow, and develop and their affect on individual members constituent groups, other organization and larger instututions.”
Individual employees make up the internal system of the organization. They differ in their skills, personality, perception,motivation, learning abilities. So individually employee’s behaviour and performance is greatly affected, who create the organization.
A second building block of organization is groups and group processes. These involve process of communication, decision making, power and leadership. Groups are dynamic and informal they affect the organizational activities.
3. Task & Technology:
The interactive dynamics between people and jobs
The physical and economic resources have a
significant influence on working relationship. (such
as technology, equipments and nature of task).
4. Organizational Design:
This element of OB is concerned with the work relationship of people in organization. The effective design coordinate and control employee behaviour, facilities and performance.
For ex- Organizational Hierarchy.
Organization do not exist in vacuum but they continuously interact with their environment. They are a part of a larger economic and social system.
Environment influences the attitudes and working style of people. Hence it must be considered in the study of human behaviour in organization.
While understanding the behaviour within the organization, there are a lot of challenges and opportunities today for managers to use OB Concepts.
There are some critical issues confronting by managers within the organizational context, for which OB offers solutions or at least some meaningful insights towards solution.