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## PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Image Restoration ' - malina

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Presentation Transcript

Outline

- DIPUM Tool box
- Noise models
- Periodical noise and removal
- Noise parameter estimation
- Spatiral noise removal

The DIPUM Tool box

- M-functions from the book Digital Image Processing Using MATLAB
- http://www.imageprocessingplace.com/DIPUM_Toolbox_1/dipum_toolbox_main_page.htm
- Freedownload
- No original m-functions
- But can still used for demo

Noise models

- Given a random number generator, how to generate random numbers with a pre-specified CDF?
- Suppose the random number w is in [0,1]
- We want to generate a Rayleigh distributed sample set
- To find z solve the following equation

Functions

- Function r = imnoise(f, type, parameters)
- Corrupt image f with noise specified in type and parameters
- Results returned in r
- Type include: uniform, gaussian, salt & pepper, lognormal, rayleigh, exponential

- Function r = imnoise2(type, M,N,a,b);
- Generates arrar r of size M-by-N,
- Entries are of the specified distribution type
- A and b are parameters

Codes

- Code1
- f = imread('lenna.jpg');
- g = imnoise(f, 'gaussian', 0, 0.01);
- figure, imshow(g);
- g = imnoise(f, 'salt & pepper', 0.01);
- figure, imshow(g);

- Code2
- r = imnoise2('gaussian',10000,1,0,1);
- p = hist(r,50);
- bar(p);

Periodical spatial noise

- Model
- Using 2-d sinusoid functions
- M, N: image size
- A: magnitude of noise
- U0, v0: frequency along the two directions
- Bx, By: phase displacement

- Observation: when x goes through 0,1,2,…,M, the left term will repeat u0 times. So the horizontal frequency is u0. Similar for v0.

- Function: [r, R, S] = imnoise3(M,N, C, A, B);
- Generate a sinusoide noise pattern r
- Of size M by N
- With Fourier transform R
- And spectrum S
- C is a K-by-2 matrix, each row being coordinate (u,v) of an impulse
- A 1-by-K contains the amplitude of each impulse
- B is K-by-2 matrix each row being the phase replacement

Codes

- C = [0 64; 0 128; 32 32; 64 0; 128 0; -32 32];
- [r, R, S] = imnoise3(256,256,C);
- figure,imshow(S,[]);
- figure,imshow(r,[]);

Noise estimation

- How to determine type and parameters of noise given an image f corrupted by noise?
- Step 1. Manually choosing a region as featureless as possible, so that variability is primarily due to noise.
[B,c,r] = roipoly(f);

- Step2. compute the histogram of the selected image patch
[p, npix] = histroi(f, c, r);

- Step3. determine the noise type
through observation

- Step4. estimating the central moments
[v, unv] = statmoments(p, 2);

- Step 1. Manually choosing a region as featureless as possible, so that variability is primarily due to noise.

Functions

- Function: [B,c,r] = roipoly(f);
- F is the image
- C and r are sequential column and row coordinates of the polygon / can also be specified by the mouse
- B is the region selected (of value 1), and all the rest part of the image is 0

- Function [p, npix] = histroi(f, c,r);
- Generating histogram p of the region of interest(ROI) specified in c and r (vertex coordinates)

codes

- f = imread(‘lenna.jpg’);
- noisy_f = imnoise(f,'gaussian',0,0.01);
- figure,imshow(noisy_f,[]);
- [B, c, r] = roipoly(noisy_f); %needs mouse interations
- figure,plot(B);
- [p,npix] = histroi(f,c,r);
- figure,bar(p,1);
- [v, unv] = statmoments(p,2);
- X = imnoise2('gaussian', npix,1,unv(1),unv(2)^0.5); figure, hist(X,100);

Spatial noise removal

- Function f = spfilter(g, type, m, n, parameter);
- Performs spatial filtering
- Type include: amean, gmean, hmean, chmean, median, max, min, midpoint, artimmed

Codes

- Creating a salt noise image
- f = imread('lenna.jpg');
- R = imnoise2('salt & pepper', M, N, 0.1, 0);
- c = find(R == 0);
- gp = f;
- gp(c) = 0;
- figure, imshow(gp);

- Filtering
- fp = spfilt(gp, 'chmean', 3, 3, 1.5);
- fpmax = spfilt(gp, 'max',3,3);
- figure,imshow(fp);
- figure,imshow(fpmax);

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