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Expanding Leadership Throughout the Academy  2004. International Leadership Association Washington, D. C. November 5, 2004. Howard T. Prince II, Ph. D. Director Center for Ethical Leadership LBJ School of Public Affairs The University of Texas at Austin. Howard Prince. (512) 471-4303

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Expanding leadership throughout the academy 2004

Expanding Leadership Throughout the Academy2004

International Leadership Association

Washington, D. C.

November 5, 2004


Howard T. Prince II, Ph. D.

Director

Center for Ethical Leadership

LBJ School of Public Affairs

The University of Texas at Austin


Howard prince

Howard Prince

(512) 471-4303

[email protected]

www.utexas.edu/lbj/research/leadership/


Challenges
Challenges

  • Faculty resistance, skepticism, irrational hostility

    • Old cultures

      • Anti-leadership vaccine (Gardner, Greenleaf)

      • Leadership not in the dominant paradigms (economics, etc.)

      • Competition for scarce resources ($, students, space)

    • New cultures

      • Opportunity

      • A possible example, a startup like the Bush School at TAMU

  • Faculty lack of knowledge about leadership and leader development

    • Knowledge is scattered across several disciplines

    • No generally accepted, empirically tested theory of leader development

  • The administration

    • Too much zeal

    • Indifference, skepticism, or hostility


Brief case studies
Brief Case Studies

  • West Point

    • Forced from the outside

    • 30-year war

  • Jepson School

    • A gift they couldn’t refuse

    • Large number of faculty strongly opposed

  • LBJ School

    • New dean’s vision

    • End run of tenured faculty


Leadership education and professional schools of public policy
Leadership Education and Professional Schools of Public Policy

  • Public administration, management, or leadership?

  • Ethics and leadership

  • Leadership knowledge

  • Leadership experience

  • The primacy of policy

  • The reign of regression analysis

  • Short-term student postgraduate focus vs.

    long-term leadership opportunities (2LT vs. generals, GS 9-11-13 PMI vs. SES)


LEADERSHIP Policy

POLICY DEVELOPMENT


Getting traction
Getting Traction Policy

  • Graduate courses

    • How to think about leadership

    • The other side of policy development: Leading change (Hillary Care vs. Social Security Administration under Ken Apfel)

    • Other leadership topics

    • Experiential and observational learning

  • Leadership conferences

  • Leaders-in-Residence

  • Non-credit professional development: personal assessment, skills workshops


Leadership course outcomes
Leadership Course Outcomes Policy

  • Have a clear sense of the purpose of leadership, the ethical dimensions of leadership, and the relationship between leaders and followers in a free society.

  • Be able to use multiple leadership concepts to understand leadership situations and enhance your effectiveness in the leadership process as a leader and a follower.

  • Understand the impact of individual differences and different situations on the practice of leadership.

  • Understand your current strengths and weaknesses as a leader and as a follower, and develop your own personal approach to the practice of leadership.

  • Enhance your ability to participate in and to lead a small group with an interdependent task.

  • Enhance your ability to think critically, to analyze complex and diverse concepts, and to use your reasoning, judgment and imagination to create new possibilities in leadership situations.

  • Be able to communicate your ideas clearly and persuasively orally and in writing.


Leader development
Leader Development Policy

  • Selection

  • Expanding knowledge and conceptual frameworks for understanding and practicing leadership

  • Experience and observation, creating a practice field

  • Assessment and feedback

  • Reflection

  • Identity shifts

  • Strengthening integrity

  • Continuous cycle over a life time


Developing ethical leaders for public service
Developing Ethical Leaders Policyfor Public Service



LTC Oliver North Policy

Takes The Oath

To Tell The Truth

Iran Contra

Hearings

1987


LTC Oliver North and His Lawyer Policy

Iran Contra Hearings 1987


Elements of public service ethics
Elements of PolicyPublic Service Ethics

  • Accountability

    • Follow laws

    • Obey higher directives or resign in protest

    • Strive for efficiency, economy, effectiveness

  • Ethical behavior

    • Adherence to standards

    • Leaders set sound standards

    • Avoid even the perception/appearance of wrongdoing

    • Leaders create an ethical environment


Elements of public service ethics1
Elements of PolicyPublic Service Ethics

  • Control systems

    • Voluntary compliance based on perception of legitimacy and trust

    • Standard setting

      • Expectations

      • Communicate concerns of leaders and control agencies

    • Monitoring

      • Audits

      • Inspections

    • Sanctions

  • Self control vs. External control


Elements of public service ethics2
Elements of PolicyPublic Service Ethics

  • What to control

    • Fiscal controls: legal expenditures

    • Process controls: waste, fraud, abuse, mismanagement to achieve efficiency

    • Program controls: effectiveness, achieving goals of annual and strategic plans


Elements of public service ethics3
Elements of PolicyPublic Service Ethics

  • Performance management

  • Darley’s Law


Elements of administrative morality
Elements of PolicyAdministrative Morality

  • What are the limits of control?

    • An ethic of compliance? or

    • An ethic of public service?

  • What else is there?

    • Find moral people?

      • Recruitment

      • Screening (background checks)

      • Selection

    • Ethical Influence (Leadership)?


Elements of administrative morality1
Elements of PolicyAdministrative Morality

  • What else is there?

    • Leadership

      • Personal example

      • Establish an ethic of public service

      • Develop moral capacity of others (is that really part of my job?). How can you do this with adults at work?

      • Establish an ethical environment


Elements of administrative morality2
Elements of PolicyAdministrative Morality

  • What is the content of a public service ethic for public managers and administrators?

  • What values support the role of the public manager and administrator?


Ethical leadership
Ethical Leadership Policy

  • The LAPD

  • Abu Graib

  • The Texas TAAS, Austin Style

  • State Department officials resign in policy protest vs. anonymous CIA and other leakers


The ethical responsibilities of the leader

The Ethical Responsibilities of The Leader Policy

The distinguishing mark of leadership and executive responsibility is influencing the moral behavior of others.

Chester Barnard

The Functions of the Executive


The ethical culture influencing the actions of others
The Ethical Culture: PolicyInfluencing The Actions of Others

  • The example of leaders

  • Leaders gain support and commitment from everyone to shared values

  • The quality of leader-follower relationships

  • Leaders set expectations, clear guidelines, norms

  • Leaders develop moral capacity of organization and individuals

  • Leaders manage competition and stress

  • Leaders reward ethical behavior

  • Leaders punish unethical behavior

  • Leaders must neutralize potentially harmful contextual forces


What are your Policyquestions or comments?

Thank you for your

interest and for joining

us today!


Howard prince1

Howard Prince Policy

(512) 471-4303

[email protected]

www.utexas.edu/lbj/research/leadership/


Last slide
Last Slide Policy


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