Sustainable coal: the imperative. National Coal Council meeting 4 December 2009 Washington DC Tom Kerr International Energy Agency. Coal is a critical part of global energy supply. source: IEA databases. The importance of coal in meeting recent growth in energy demand.
source: IEA databases
Increase in primary demand, 2000-07
% = average annual rate of growth
Demand for coal has been growing faster than any other energy source; it is projected to account for more than a third of incremental global energy demand to 2030.
sources: IEA Coal Information 2009 and IEA CO2 Emission from Fossil Fuel Combustion 1971-2008
EU average demand
CO2 emission reduction options for coal
adapted from VGB 2007; efficiency – HHV,net
Energy Efficiency important but deep CO2 cuts can only be achieved by CCS
Five large-scale integrated projects are successfully storing CO2
Image courtesy GCCSI
OECD regions must lead in demonstrating CCS, but the technology must quickly spread to the rest of the world
Coal power only makes up around 40% of stored emissions in 2050