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Wind Power Potential in Pennsylvania Opportunities and Issues. Gary L. Sheppard Penn State Cooperative Extension. Somerset, PA. Why Wind Energy?. Income to Landowners Rural Economic Development Reduction of Greenhouse Gases Value Added Product Jobs. FPL Energy.

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Wind power potential in pennsylvania opportunities and issues
Wind Power Potential in PennsylvaniaOpportunities and Issues

Gary L. Sheppard

Penn State Cooperative Extension

Fpl energy
FPL Energy

  • Production Cost - Wind-generated electricity from 30 cents per kilowatt-hour to 4 to 7 cents

  •  Cost per megawatt of capacity

    Wind$1.5 million to $2 million vs. Natural Gas $700,000

  • Financial incentives

    Federal Wind Production Tax Credit (PTC). enacted in 1994, has changed the economics of wind production through a tax incentive to develop and operate wind generation

Pa alternative energy portfolio standard
PA Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard

Retail Electric Sales Targets

  • Tier 1 – 1.5% 2006

    8% 2020

  • Tier 2 – 4.2% 2006

    10% 2020

Pa alternative energy portfolio standard1
PA Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard

Tier 1 –

Solar photovoltaic & solar thermal Wind power

Low-impact hydropower

Geothermal energy

Biologically derived methane gas

Fuel cells

Biomass energy

Coal mine methane.

Pa alternative energy portfolio standard2
PA Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard

  • Tier 2 -

    Waste Coal

    Distributed Generation Systems Demand Side management

    Large scale hydropower

    Municipal solid waste

    Byproducts of pulping/wood chipping

    Integrated Coal gasification technology

Renewable energy certificates
Renewable Energy Certificates

  • created when a renewable energy facility generates electricity. Each unique certificate represents all of the environmental attributes or benefits of a specific quantity of renewable generation, namely the benefits that everyone receives when conventional fuels, such as coal, nuclear, oil, or gas, are displaced. What you pay for when you buy renewable energy certificates is the benefit of displacing other non-renewable sources from the electric grid.

What s this mean for pa
What’s this mean for PA?

  • Developers look for Class 3 or higher

  • No urban or environmentally sensitive

  • Other conflicts

    • Forest (50%) Farm (30%) Rangeland (10%)

  • 4% of PA has potential but actual land use would be .4%

  • Utility scale potential = 38,000,000 megawatt-hours or 30% of needs

Community concerns
Community Concerns

  • Aesthetics

  • Habitat Fragmentation

  • Migrating Birds/ Bat mortality

  • Water Quality

  • Noise

  • Shadow Flicker

  • Public Safety

  • Other (electronic interference, etc.)

Small wind1
Small Wind

  • 50 KW or less

  • It’s still all about location

    • Wind Resource

    • Value of Power

    • Green Incentives

    • Public Funding

    • Ordinances

    • Neighbors

Small wind economics
Small Wind Economics

  • Value of Water Pumping

  • Value of Electricity

    • Net Metering

    • Renewable Energy Credits

  • Estimated Production

    • Wind Resource

    • Equipment Performance

  • Net Present Value Analysis

Small Wind Certification Corporation

IREC is facilitating the development and launch of the Small Wind Certification Corporation (SWCC).  SWCC will work with the small wind industry, governments, and other stakeholders to develop and implement quality certification programs for small wind turbines.  Certification is expected to commence in 2008.