Wind power potential in pennsylvania opportunities and issues
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 26

Wind Power Potential in Pennsylvania Opportunities and Issues PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 51 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Wind Power Potential in Pennsylvania Opportunities and Issues. Gary L. Sheppard Penn State Cooperative Extension. Somerset, PA. Why Wind Energy?. Income to Landowners Rural Economic Development Reduction of Greenhouse Gases Value Added Product Jobs. FPL Energy.

Download Presentation

Wind Power Potential in Pennsylvania Opportunities and Issues

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Wind power potential in pennsylvania opportunities and issues

Wind Power Potential in PennsylvaniaOpportunities and Issues

Gary L. Sheppard

Penn State Cooperative Extension


Somerset pa

Somerset, PA.


Why wind energy

Why Wind Energy?


Wind power potential in pennsylvania opportunities and issues

  • Income to Landowners

  • Rural Economic Development

  • Reduction of Greenhouse Gases

  • Value Added Product

  • Jobs


Fpl energy

FPL Energy

  • Production Cost - Wind-generated electricity from 30 cents per kilowatt-hour to 4 to 7 cents

  •  Cost per megawatt of capacity

    Wind$1.5 million to $2 million vs. Natural Gas $700,000

  • Financial incentives

    Federal Wind Production Tax Credit (PTC). enacted in 1994, has changed the economics of wind production through a tax incentive to develop and operate wind generation


Pa alternative energy portfolio standard

PA Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard

Retail Electric Sales Targets

  • Tier 1 – 1.5% 2006

    8% 2020

  • Tier 2 – 4.2% 2006

    10% 2020


Pa alternative energy portfolio standard1

PA Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard

Tier 1 –

Solar photovoltaic & solar thermal Wind power

Low-impact hydropower

Geothermal energy

Biologically derived methane gas

Fuel cells

Biomass energy

Coal mine methane.


Pa alternative energy portfolio standard2

PA Alternative Energy Portfolio Standard

  • Tier 2 -

    Waste Coal

    Distributed Generation SystemsDemand Side management

    Large scale hydropower

    Municipal solid waste

    Byproducts of pulping/wood chipping

    Integrated Coal gasification technology


Renewable energy certificates

Renewable Energy Certificates

  • created when a renewable energy facility generates electricity. Each unique certificate represents all of the environmental attributes or benefits of a specific quantity of renewable generation, namely the benefits that everyone receives when conventional fuels, such as coal, nuclear, oil, or gas, are displaced. What you pay for when you buy renewable energy certificates is the benefit of displacing other non-renewable sources from the electric grid.


What s this mean for pa

What’s this mean for PA?

  • Developers look for Class 3 or higher

  • No urban or environmentally sensitive

  • Other conflicts

    • Forest (50%) Farm (30%) Rangeland (10%)

  • 4% of PA has potential but actual land use would be .4%

  • Utility scale potential = 38,000,000 megawatt-hours or 30% of needs


Community concerns

Community Concerns

  • Aesthetics

  • Habitat Fragmentation

  • Migrating Birds/ Bat mortality

  • Water Quality

  • Noise

  • Shadow Flicker

  • Public Safety

  • Other (electronic interference, etc.)


Small wind

Small Wind


Small wind1

Small Wind

  • 50 KW or less

  • It’s still all about location

    • Wind Resource

    • Value of Power

    • Green Incentives

    • Public Funding

    • Ordinances

    • Neighbors


Small wind economics

Small Wind Economics

  • Value of Water Pumping

  • Value of Electricity

    • Net Metering

    • Renewable Energy Credits

  • Estimated Production

    • Wind Resource

    • Equipment Performance

  • Net Present Value Analysis


Small wind2

Small Wind


Wind power potential in pennsylvania opportunities and issues

Small Wind Certification Corporation

IREC is facilitating the development and launch of the Small Wind Certification Corporation (SWCC).  SWCC will work with the small wind industry, governments, and other stakeholders to develop and implement quality certification programs for small wind turbines.  Certification is expected to commence in 2008.


Wind power potential in pennsylvania opportunities and issues

  • Questions?


  • Login