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Iceland. What do YOU know about Iceland?. Colourful Reykjavík ICELAND EXPRESS CITY BREAK OK, you just head for the North Pole, and get out when you hear the northern penguins roar. No, seriously. No elves, no igloos, no jetis. Just nice people who know how to have fun. Welcome.

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iceland

Iceland

What do YOU know about Iceland?

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide2
Colourful

Reykjavík

ICELAND EXPRESS CITY BREAK

OK, you just head for the North Pole, and get out

when you hear the northern penguins roar.

No, seriously. No elves, no igloos, no jetis.

Just nice people who know how to have fun.

Welcome

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide3

An island nation located in the North Atlantic Ocean

  • (103.000 km2)
  • Europe’s second largest island, following Great Britain
  • Very dark during winter and very bright during summer

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide4

Ice

Fire

Blue mountains

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide5

Iceland first became inhabited around 874

  • Icelanders are descendants of Nordic and Gaelic people
  • People endured very harsh living conditions
  • Iceland was colonized by both Norway and Denmark between the years 1262-1944
  • Iceland got independence from Denmark in 1944
  • Independence Day is celebrated on June 17th

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide6

We lived in covered houses in Iceland until the end of the 19th century and even some people lived in those houses in the beginning of the 20th century!

This WikipediaCommons image is from the user Chris 73

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide7

JÖKULSÁRSLÓN, a lagoon in the south of Iceland, coming from Europe´s biggest glacier, VATNAJÖKULL

Snorri Snorrason

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

a volcanic eruption in vatnaj kull glacier in 1998
A volcanic eruption in Vatnajökull glacier in 1998

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

the center of iceland is a mountainous highland area people live in the coastal area around iceland
The center of Iceland is a mountainous highland area. People live in the coastal area around Iceland

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

you can shout as loud as you want to
You can shout as loud as you want to

Guðbjörn Guðbjörnsson

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

map of iceland
Map of Iceland

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide12

Because Iceland has got volcanoes it also has got a lot of:

Lava fields

Earthquakes

Geothermal energy

Natural hot springs

Powerful rivers and waterfalls

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide13

The Blue Lagoon, near the international airport. Iceland has taken advantage of its natural hot mineral-rich water caused by volcanic activity, using the water to heat the houses in Iceland.

Photo: Chris Helgren

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

the blue lagoon it s really blue and you can t see your toes in the water
The Blue Lagoon, it´s really blue and you can´t see your toes in the water..

this Wikipedia and Wikimedia Commons image is from the user Chris 73

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide15

Language: Icelandic

  • Population: 320.000 people (2008)
  • Capital: Reykjavík
  • Currency: Icelandic “króna”
  • Main industry: fishing and tourism

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

reykjav k the capital of iceland
Reykjavík, the capital of Iceland

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

hallgr mskirkja our biggest church 74 5m and it took 38 years to build it
Hallgrímskirkja, our biggest church, 74.5m and it took 38 years to build it

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

photo from the house of parliament of iceland al ingi we can watch our politicians at work
Photo from the house of Parliament of Iceland, Alþingi, we can watch our politicians at work

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

the university of iceland
The University of Iceland

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

the reykjav k lake in the center some winters we can go skating there
The Reykjavík lake, in the center. Some winters, we can go skating there

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide21

Pure water – and a lot of it. We use it to drink and bath and also to heat our houses and produce electricity – with a help from our many cascades.

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide22

Hydro-electric plant – at Kárahnjúkar, in the east of Iceland, the biggest and the newest.

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide23

www.danielbergmann.com/

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide24

Iceland has many glaciers.

  • They cover 11% of Iceland.
  • The biggest one is called Vatnajökull.
  • It is the biggest glacier in Europe.

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

winter trip on a glacier tires 44 inches high
Winter trip on a glacier – tires 44 inches high

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide26

The main features are ice and volcanoes.

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

just drive in the snow
JUST DRIVE IN THE SNOW

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

the northern lights
The northern lights

Mike Richard

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide29

Geysir – what is that ?

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide30

River- cruises – you will get wet

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

the new years eve never boring in iceland
The new years eve – never boring in Iceland

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide32

Purist language policy:

Icelanders avoid loanwords and create new

Icelandic words instead.

Can you guess what any of these words mean?

TÖLVA, FLATBAKA, NIÐURHALA, ÞYRLA…

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

road by the sea rather rough
Road by the sea, rather rough

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide34

The old sagas

  • Old Icelandic stories dating from
  • the 11th century
  • They are about Nordic Vikings
  • and kings
  • Written in Old Norse
  • Icelanders can still read them

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide35

Old traditional Icelandic food:

Þorramatur

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide37

The Icelandic horse

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide38

Puffin

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide39

Lóa

The bird that brings spring

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide40

The Icelandic sheep

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide41

Typical Icelanders…

  • …have to go outside if the sun is shining and buy an ice-cream !
  • …go often to the cinema.
  • …drink - only during the weekends…
  • …give very firm handshakes.
  • …often wear clothes made from sheep wool.
  • …believe that Iceland is the best country in the world !

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

the icelandic president and the first lady
The icelandic president and the first lady
  • As in many other countries around the world, we in Iceland also have a President as our country´s representative. The last 12 years our President has been Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, his wife The first Lady of Iceland is Dorrit Moussaieff. She is from Israel .
  • The President is choosen by public voting and the President has to be reelected every fourth year. There is how ever no limit for how long a person can be President.

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

vigd s finnbogad ttir
Vigdís Finnbogadóttir

Vigdís Finnbogadóttir was the first woman worldwide to become a president in a republic country, she was elected in 1980.

She was president in Iceland for 16 years which is the longest period anyone has been president in Iceland.

Before, she taught French in Iceland.

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

famous icelanders

Famous Icelanders

Even though we Icelanders

are not many (320.000) we do have

several famous people

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

halld r laxness

Halldór Laxness

Laxness is one of Iceland\'s most famous writers.

He received the Nobel price of literature in 1955 and is well-known around the world.

Laxness has put Iceland on the world map of writers.

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

bj rk
Björk

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

sigurr s
Sigurrós

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

mugison
Mugison

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

bar i bang gang
BARÐI – Bang Gang

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

lafur stef nsson
Ólafur Stefánsson

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

ei ur sm ri gu j nsen
Eiður Smári Guðjónsen

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

slide52

TAKK FYRIR

Þórleif Hjartardóttir University of Iceland

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