Jefferson County and the Civil War. By: Ray Shreckengost. A history project that brings the Civil War home. Answering the Call.
By: Ray Shreckengost
A history project that brings
the Civil War home
The Civil War was a time of great strife in our country. For many years the North and South drifted apart because of differing beliefs and opinions. The division between North and South finally came to blows and the American Civil War, or The War Between the States, began in 1861. The fighting continued until 1865. Many men from Jefferson County and right here in Brookville volunteered to fight for the Union. These brave men answered the call of duty in our nation’s darkest hour.
Be sure you put your feet in the right place, then stand firm. Abraham Lincoln
Volunteers from Jefferson County were mustered into the 105th PA Regiment of Volunteers. These men were nicknamed the Wildcats for the early “wild cat” oil exploration in the area.
--taken from http://aoghs.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/December-30-Rock-Stock-AOGHS.jpg
--Taken from http://www.priweb.org/ed/pgws/history/pennsylvania/tarr_farm.html
A letter written by Tilton C. Reynolds, a
Member of the 105th Regiment. The Letter
Was dated January 23, 1863. Reynolds Was
from Winslow Township which later Became
the town of Reynoldsville.
--an excerpt from a timeline of the 105th PA regiment taken from http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/tcreynolds/tcrtime2.html
1863 January 20
The 105th leaves Camp Pitcher, Virginia, and begins a march along the Rappahannock River in the direction of Warrenton. Due to heavy rain, Burnside’s army remains stuck in the mud until February 12, when the regiment returns to its camp.
The Emancipation Proclamation The 13th Amendment
taken from http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/
Civil War Troops
--taken from http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/historyonline/us20.cfm
Thomas Nast’s influential cartoon, a masterpiece of campaign rhetoric, on the eve of the Election of 1864 neatly summed up the essential question of the contest from an ardent supporter of Lincoln and the Union: Democratic victory was equivalent to a compromise with the South. Compromise would mean that all the pain, suffering, and sacrifice of the past 3 and half years would be all in vain. The slave owner would prevail. Nast is not subtle as he incorporates symbols to get his point across. In the upper left corner, the federal flag flies upside down (a sign of distress). Columbia, kneeling at the feet of the Confederacy, weeps over Union dead while a veteran-amputee weakly shakes the hand of the
victor. The Confederate victor is portrayed young, handsome, and strong. He carries a whip in his hand; this he will presumably use on the slaves in the background. In the upper right, the Stars and Bars flies proudly.
--Illustration and text Taken from http://www.teachamericanhistory.org/File/
After General William T. Sherman’s victory over Confederate General Hood at Atlanta in September 1864, Sherman took his army on a march to the sea. With his army consisting of 62,000 Union soldiers, Sherman abandoned his lines of supply and communication as he marched from Atlanta to Savannah, perfecting the art of total warfare along the way destroying everything of value in his path—a scorched earth policy. Sherman’s army cut a 60-mile wide swath of complete destruction through the middle of Georgia. Railroads, bridges,
farms, and crops were put to the torch. Livestock was captured; what couldn’t be eaten as
destroyed to prevent it from being used and consumed by Confederate soldiers or southern
sympathizers. Sherman reached Savannah in December, capturing the city without a fight.
Sherman wired Lincoln: “I beg to present you, as a Christmas gift, the city of Savannah.”
Sherman is seen here, putting the city of Savannah into Uncle Sam’s stocking.
--Illustration and text Taken from http://www.teachamericanhistory.
Photos of Major M.M. Dick of the 105th PA Regiment of Volunteers
--taken from http://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cwpb.04491/?co=civwar
The Army of the Potomac marches down Pennsylvania Avenue at the end of the Civil War
--taken from http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/civil/jb_civil_parade_1_e.
A Recruiting Poster used to persuade men from Jefferson County to join the Union Army
--taken from http://www.pa-roots.com/pacw/infantry/105th/
A recruiting poster used by the Union to try to get skilled marksmen from PA
--taken from http://www.jonestownship.com/history/Kane.htm
A recruiting poster used in Philadelphia to try to organize a black regiment for defense of the state
--taken from http://www.librarycompany.org/
This is the first verse of “Ballad No. 1: When the Boys Come Marching Home.” This song was written to celebrate the return of PA volunteers.
--taken from http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=amss&fileName=as1/as114850/amsspage.db&recNum=0&itemLink=D?amss:1:./temp/~ammem_otSm::
The Veteran troops are coming home, Hurrah! Hurrah! Our volunteers from Old Keystone, Hurrah! Hurrah! They have fought through many a battle sore, While grape like hail around did pour, But still their cry was Victory or death.
The VACANT CHAIR
Words by H.S. Washburn
Music by George F. Root (1820-1895)
We shall meet but we shall miss him.
There will be one vacant chair.
We shall linger to caress him While we breathe our ev’ning prayer.
When one year ago we gathered, Joy was in his mild blue eye.
Now the golden cord is severed,
And our hopes in ruin lie.
This is The First verse from “the Vacant Chair.” This song was written to commemorate Union soldiers who gave their life in the Civil War.
--taken from http://www.civilwarpoetry.org/union/songs/chair.html
This map shows Union and Confederate positions at the Battle of the Wilderness. Liberty Burns was from Jefferson County and he fought with the 105th PA Regiment of Volunteers.
--taken from http://burnsfamilyhistory.com/
Civil War Primary Source Portfolio Details: