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Unit1. Preview. Ⅰ. Objectives. Ⅱ. Suggested Teaching Plan. Ⅲ. Background Information. Ⅳ. Class Presentation. prev. Preview.

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Unit1

Unit1

Preview

Ⅰ. Objectives

Ⅱ. Suggested Teaching Plan

Ⅲ. Background Information

Ⅳ. Class Presentation


Unit1

prev.

Preview

This is the first unit of Book One. In the Listening and Speaking section, you will learn how to start a conversation with other people and how to talk about yourself. In the Reading and Writing section, Text A tells us about the transition the author experienced from high school to college; Text B tells us what the writer wants from his college education; Text C includes some advice from a former college student.


Unit1

grasp the basic skills necessary to understand and talk to other people when meeting them for the first time;

1.

understand the main ideas of Texts A, B and C, and master the useful sentence structures and words and expressions found in the relevant exercises of the first two texts;

2.

3.

know clearly how to use the present simple and past simple tenses of English;

fill in a form with their personal information;

4.

understand the main idea of an English paragraph and identify the topic sentence .

5.

Obj.

Ⅰ. Objectives

After studying this unit, the students are expected to be able to


S t p 1

s.t.p.1

Ⅱ. Suggested Teaching Plan

Suggested Time and Teaching Plan for Unit 1

Plan

Contents

Time

The teacher explains the Preview so that the students will have some idea of what this unit is about. Then, the teacher lets the students

2 periods

Preview

1) Introducing Yourself

Listening and Speaking

listen to the first half of the short talk in Exercise 1 twice and fill in the missing words;

A.

B.

listen to the second half of the short talk in Exercise 1 twice and fill in the missing words;

listen to the whole short talk and do Exercise

C.


S t p 2

s.t.p.2

Time

Contents

Plan

2) Getting to Know People

go through the new words in the 1st conversation in Exercise 3 and listen to the conversation twice while filling in the missing words;

A.

answer the questions about the conversation by way of group discussion or the traditional teacher- student interaction;

B.

go through the second conversation with the same steps;

C.

do Exercise 4 in pairs or groups.

D.


S t p 3

s.t.p.3

Time

Contents

Plan

3) Listening Practice

Before ending class, the teacher tells the students how to do the exercises (Exercises 5-10) in Listening Practice as their homework. The teacher also tells the students that they should be prepared to answer the questions in Exercise 9 and give an oral presentation in class when the teacher and the students next meet.


S t p 4

s.t.p.4

Time

Contents

Plan

3 periods

Review of the listening and speaking skills the students have learned

The teacher asks some students to answer the questions in Exercise 9 of the Listening and Speaking section and invites at least two students to give an oral presentation in class, telling their classmates three reasons why they want to be college students.

After finishing the Listening and Speaking tasks, the teacher turns to the Reading and Writing section of the unit. (These activities should be done in half a period.)


S t p 5

s.t.p.5

Time

Contents

Plan

1) Starter

Text A & text-related exercises

After a brief explanation of the instructions, the teacher

lets the students list the things that they were excited and worried about when they first got to college. This can be done in complete English sentences or just phrases. If the students have difficulty doing this, the teacher should provide them with the following key words in English: beautiful campus, good library,

A.


S t p 6

s.t.p.6

Time

Contents

Plan

teachers and classmates, the computer room, the environment, new way of life, etc. (for things students may be excited about);and being away from home, the food, competition with other students, difficulties in study, washing clothes, taking a bath or shower, new teachers, etc. (for things students may be worried about);


S t p 7

s.t.p.7

Time

Contents

Plan

organizes pair work or group discussion among the students, which should last for about 5 minutes only, then

B.

gives the students 10 minutes to read Text A and find out the things that worried the writer when he first got to college. (The Starter should be done in about half a period.)

C.

2) Text A

The teacher

discusses the whole text with the students (one period);

A.


S t p 8

s.t.p.8

Time

Contents

Plan

guides the students through the exercises, focusing on certain items or leaving some exercises as the students’ homework according to the students’ levels (one period or more).

B.

1) Grammar Review

1 period

Grammar Review

The teacher talks about the Present Simple and Past Simple tenses to brush up the students’ knowledge of these basic tenses. The grammar exercises can be done in class, or, if time is too short, as the students’ homework.


S t p 9

s.t.p.9

Time

Contents

Plan

2) Practical Writing

Practical Writing

The teacher asks the students to look at the Chinese information in Exercise 11 of the section of Practical Writing and see if they can fill in the English Registration Form with this information. After this, the teacher explains the different terms and expressions in the registration form. With the help of the teacher, the students should also complete the form in Exercise 12 with their own information.


S t p 10

s.t.p.10

Time

Contents

Plan

1) Text B

Text B, Text C & text-related exercises

2 periods

While discussing the text with the students, the teacher calls the students’ attention to the structure of the paragraphs of the text, introducing briefly the concept of the topic sentence. The vocabulary exercises can be done either in or after class.

2) Text C

This text should be read by the students themselves as their homework.


S t p 11

s.t.p.11

Time

Contents

Plan

3) Basic Reading Skills

Basic Reading Skills

The teacher makes full use of Texts A and B, analyzing and explaining some of the paragraphs in the two texts and, at the same time, inviting the students to analyze others.


S t p 12

This unit should be taught in 8 periods.

*

The Teacher’s Book contains every page of the Students Book. It also contains the listening scripts, the various notes and examples as well as the answers.

*

s.t.p.12

Teaching Plan Notes


Unit1

BI

Ⅲ. Background Information

High Schools in the U.S.

Colleges and Universities

Going to College

Cost of Attending College in the United States

Supplementary Names of Colleges and Departments


Bi hs1

BI-hs1

High Schools in the U.S.

High schools in the United States offer college preparatory programs and vocational programs. College preparatory programs give students the necessary background for admission to a college or university. Vocational programs prepare students for jobs immediately following high school.

All high schools offer required courses — that is, classes in such subjects as English, science, and social studies. High school students also may choose from a wide variety of elective courses, such as music, foreign languages, or industrial arts. Extracurricular high school activities, which occur outside of classroom time, include sports, clubs, and plays.

Most United States high schools are free public schools supported chiefly by state and local taxes. Each local school district has a governing body, usually a school board, that makes school policies and monitors the quality of education


Bi hs2

BI-hs2

that students receive. A superintendent administers the district policies. Each high school is headed by an experienced educator, usually called the principal.

About 90 percent of students in the United States attend public high schools. The United States also has several types of secondary schools outside the public-school system. Most of these private schools charge tuition. They include parochial schools, which are operated by the Roman Catholic Church or other religious groups, and private college preparatory schools, also called prep schools. Prep schools prepare students for admission to colleges and universities. Each state has laws and rules that its high schools must follow. ( From the 1998 World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia)


Bi cu

BI-cu

Colleges and Universities

Universities and colleges are schools that continue a person’s education beyond high school. A university or college education helps men and women enjoy richer, more meaningful lives. It prepares many people for professional careers as doctors, engineers, lawyers, or teachers. It also gives a person a better appreciation of such fields as art, literature, history, human relations, and science. In doing so, a university or college education enables individuals to participate with greater understanding in community affairs.

Universities differ from colleges in that they are larger, have wider curricula, are involved in research activities, and grant graduate and professional as well as undergraduate degrees. ( From the1998 World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia, encyclopedia.com)


Bi gtc1

BI-gtc1

Going to College

Students who decide to attend college must choose the school that most nearly fits their needs, finances, and personal likes. They can discover many of the facts by talking to friends and teachers. They can learn about particular schools by writing to them for information.

There are a number of basic questions a student should ask about any school being considered.

1. Does the school offer the courses in which I am interested?

  • How well is the school equipped in general buildings, libraries, laboratories, and other property?

3. What teaching methods does the school use? What is the average size of

each class?


Bi gtc2

BI-gtc2

4.

What is the standing of the school? Is it accredited? What is the standing of the particular college or department of the school in which I intend to do most of my work?

What are the school’s tuition, fees, and living expenses? Are opportunities available for earning all, or part of, my expenses while I attend school?

Does the school offer the extracurricular (nonacademic) activities in which I am interested?

How is the school located with regard to transportation, living quarters, and general conveniences?

5.

6.

7.


Bi gtc3

BI-gtc3

Colleges and universities state their entrance requirements in their catalogs. They nearly always require a transcript (copy) of an applicant’s high school credits, as well as letters of recommendation. Entrance examinations are generally given

several months before the school term begins. Freshmen usually take the intelligence and aptitude tests during an orientation period, frequently called freshman week at colleges and universities in the United States.

Many college students earn all or part of their expenses. Many students have part time jobs while they attend school, such as working in stores and restaurants. Most schools offer students jobs, such as waiting on tables in dormitories or working in the library.

Students may receive all or part of their college expenses through various aid programs. These programs include scholarships and fellowships; federal, state, and private loan programs; and benefits for veterans and certain other groups such as war orphans. (Adapted fromthe 1998 World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia)


Bi cac1

BI-cac1

Cost of Attending College in the United States


Bi cac2

BI-cac2

NOTE: Data are for the entire academic year and are average charges paid by students. Student charges were weighted by the number of full time equivalent undergraduates, but were not adjusted to reflect student residency. The data have not been adjusted for changes in the purchasing power of the dollar. Data for 2001-02 are preliminary figures based on fall 2000 enrollment. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. (U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System)


Bi sno1

BI-sno1

Supplementary names of colleges and departments

Beijing Union University

北京联合大学

Shanghai College of Electricity and Machinery Technology

上海电机技术高等专科学校

天津职业大学

Tianjin Vocational College

Shanxi Finance & Taxation College

山西财政税务专科学校

Liaoning Radio & TV University

辽宁广播电视大学

Jinling Institute of Technology

金陵科技学院

Bengbu Medical College

蚌埠医学院

Nanchang Water Resources College

南昌水利水电高等专科学校


Bi sno2

BI-sno2

成都美术学院

Chengdu Academy of Fine Arts

广州金融高等专科学校

Guangzhou College of Finance

Guangdong Institute of Education

广东教育学院

Guilin Institute of Tourism

桂林旅游高等专科学校

North China University of Science and Technology

华北工学院

Shanghai Jiaotong University

上海交通大学

Northwest Sci-Tech University of Agriculture and Forestry

西北农林科技大学


Bi sno3

BI-sno3

Automation

自动化

Electronic Science and Technology

电子科学与技术

Communication Technology

通信技术

土木工程

Civil Engineering

Railway Engineering

铁道工程

艺术设计

Art Design

International Economics and Trade

国际经济与贸易

Accounting and Finance

会计财务

Financial Management

财务管理

Business Administration

工商管理


Bi sno4

BI-sno4

Marketing

市场营销

Engineering Management

工程管理

Electronic Commerce

电子商务

Logistics Management

物流管理

Tourism Management

旅游管理

Computer Application and Maintenance

计算机应用与维护

Electrical Technology

电气技术

Nursing

护理

Pharmaceutics

药剂学,制药学


Class list

Class list

Ⅳ. Class Presentation

Listening & Speaking

Reading & Writing


Unit1

CP

Listening & Speaking

Introducing Yourself

Getting to Know People

Listening Practice


Cp iy1

CP-iy1

Introducing Yourself

You’re going to meet two new college students. Listen to them talk about themselves and fill in the blanks with the missing information.

1.

_________

My name

Hello! My name is Zhang Hong and I’m eighteen years old. I come from a small town in Hebei. It’s a nice place with a big lake and many small hills. Both my parents are doctors. I’m the only child in the family.

I’m very happy to study with you here at this college. I hope we’ll be

goodfriends

________

come from

_____________

Both my parents

________

only child

_________

study with

___________.

good friends

I’m

music and dancing

Hi! I’m Li Qiang and I’m nineteen. I come from Tianjin. I like music and dancing very much. I listen to music every day and often go to a dancing party on weekends. I enjoy studying English very much. I’m very happy to have the opportunity to studyEnglish with you. I’m sure we’ll get along and become good friends.

___

_______________

a dancing party

____________

studying English

_____________

study English

___________


Cp iy2

CP-iy2

2.

Now introduce yourself to your class telling them your name, your age, where you come from, when you began to learn English and what you like to do on weekends.


Cp gtn1

CP-gtn1

Getting to Know People

3.

  • Before you listen to the first conversation, read the following words and

  • expressions which may be new to you.

by the way 顺便问一下,顺便谈一下

department 系

major 主修科目,专业

management 管理

terrific 极好的,了不起的

come on 快;走吧


Cp gtn2

CP-gtn2

Listen to the conversation twice and fill in the blanks with the missing Words.

Li Ming: We’re having great weather, ?

Wang Ying: We sure are. By the way, I’m Wang Ying.

Li Ming: Hello. Li Ming.

Wang Ying: Which department , Li Ming?

Li Ming: I’m in the Department of Computer Science. I’m from Beijing.

Wang Ying: Really? meet you! I’m also from Beijing. My major is

Hotel Management.

Li Ming: That’s terrific. My classmate Jun Jun is over there. She’s from

Shanghai. Come on, meet her.

________

aren’t we

My name is

_________

are you in

________

I’m glad to

_________

I’d like you to

___________


Cp gtn3

CP-gtn3

Now listen to the conversation again and answer the following questions.

1. Which department is Li Ming in?

He is in the Department of Computer Science.

2. Where is Li Ming from?

He is from Beijing.

3. Which department is Wang Ying in?

She is in the Department of Hotel Management.

4. Where is Wang Ying from?

She is also from Beijing.

5. What does Li Ming want Wang Ying to do?

He wants her to meet his classmate Jun Jun.


Cp gtn4

apartment 房间

baggage 行李

upstairs 往楼上

CP-gtn4

2) Before you listen to the second conversation, read the following words

which may be new to you.


Cp gtn5

CP-gtn5

Listen to the conversation twice and fill in the blanks with the missing words.

Li Ming: Jun Jun, I’d like you to meet my new friend Wang Ying.

Jun Jun: meet you, Wang Ying. My name is Zhang Xiaojun,

but everybody calls me Jun Jun.

It’s a pleasure to

_____________

Wang Ying: How do you do, Jun Jun?

Jun Jun: How do you do?

Li Ming: Wang Ying is in the Department of Hotel Management. She is from

Beijing and has just arrived.

Jun Jun:

Li Ming & Wang Ying: Yes.

Jun Jun: Have you found your apartment, Wang Ying?

Wang Ying: Yes, I’ve been told it’s on the 3rd floor of this building.

Jun Jun: That’s good.

Wang Ying: I can do it myself.

Jun Jun: If there’s anything we can do for you, we’ll be happy to help.

Wang Ying:

So you two come from the same city, don’t you?

_______________________________________

Let me help you carry the baggage upstairs.

___________________________________

Oh, no, thank you.

_______________

Thank you very much. I’ll ask for help when I need it.

__________________________________________


Cp gtn6

CP-gtn6

Now listen to the conversation again and answer the following questions.

1. What is Jun Jun’s real name?

Her real name is Zhang Xiaojun.

2. Of the three people talking to each other, which two come from

the same city?

Wang Ying and Li Ming come from the same city.

3. Where is Wang Ying’s apartment?

Her apartment is on the 3rd floor of that building.

4. What does Jun Jun want to help Wang Ying do?

She wants to help Wang Ying carry her baggage upstairs.

5. What will Wang Ying do if she is in need of help?

If she is in need of help, she will ask Jun Jun for it.


Cp gtn7

Which department are you in?

What’s your major?

Where do you come from?

My major is …

I’m glad to meet you!

It’s a pleasure to meet you.

How do you do?

CP-gtn7

4.

Form a dialogue with one of your classmates, telling each other your names, where you come from, your majors and your departments. You can use the sentences given below.


Cp lp1

W: By the way, what’s the weather like in your hometown?

M: It’s not as hot as here and it often rains.

script

CP-lp1

Listening Practice

Listen to people speaking and decide what they are talking about.

5.

1.

A) Study.

B) College.

C) Weather

C) Weather.

D) Hometown.


Cp lp2

script

CP-lp2

M:You mean, you are afraid of mathematics?

W:A little bit. It’s too difficult for me and sometimes I think I

should give it up.

2.

A) Weather.

B) Study.

B) Study.

C) Hobby (业余爱好) .

D) Exercise.


Cp lp3

script

CP-lp3

W: What do you like to do for exercise?

M: Swimming. How about you?

3.

A) Exercise

A) Exercise.

B) Weather.

C) Study.

D) Courses.


Cp lp4

script

CP-lp4

4.

M: How long have you known Jun Jun?

W: I’ve known her for more than three years. We are from the

same high school and we are now in the same department.

A) School.

B) Classmate.

B) Classmate

C) Department.

D) Study.


Cp lp5

script

CP-lp5

W: What did you think of the final exam?

M: I’d thought it would be easy, but at the end of the first hour, I

was still on the first page.

5.

A) Hobby.

B) Courses.

C) College.

D) Exam.

D) Exam


Cp lp6

script

CP-lp6

6.

Listen to the following questions and choose the appropriate answers.

Hi, Bill, what do you think of the math lesson?

1.

A) Sorry, I don’t know.

B) It starts at eight.

C) Yes, I like it.

D) It’s very interesting.

D) It’s very interesting.


Cp lp7

script

CP-lp7

Excuse me. Where’s the Chinese Department?

2.

A) It’s over there.

A) It’s over there.

B) Yes, thank you.

C) It’s very nice.

D) No, sorry.


Cp lp8

script

CP-lp8

I’m a student in the Computer Department. I major in Computer Science. Are you a freshman, too?

3.

A) I’m in the Physics Department.

B) Yes, I am.

B) Yes, I am.

C) No. I’m not majoring in Computer Science.

D) Yes. We’re in the same department.


Cp lp9

script

CP-lp9

4.

Excuse me. Where could I find any English dictionaries?

A) In the park.

B) In my pocket.

C) On the third floor of the shop.

C) On the third floor of the shop.

D) It’s 9:30.


Cp lp10

script

CP-lp10

How did you get on in your exam?

5.

A) Yes, I did.

B) Yes, of course.

C) No, I didn’t.

D) Oh, I failed.

D) Oh, I failed.


Cp lp11

script

CP-lp11

7.

Listen to the following short dialogues and choose the appropriate answers.

W: How much are the tickets?

M: They are $13 each and $25 for two.

Q: How much will the woman pay for one ticket?

1.

A) $25.

B) $13.

B) $13.

C) $30.

D) $26.


Cp lp12

script

CP-lp12

2.

W: May I have my bill, please?

M: Yes, here you are. $17.4.

Q: How much does the woman have to pay?

A) $70.4.

B) $14.7.

C) $17.4.

C) $17.4.

D) $14.


Cp lp13

script

CP-lp13

W: I thought that these flowers cost 4 dollars.

M: They used to, but the price’s gone up 50 cents.

Q: How much do these flowers cost now?

3.

A) $14.50.

B) $40.50.

C) $4.

D) $4.50.

D) $4.50.


Cp lp14

script

CP-lp14

4.

M: You speak English very well. How long have you been

learning the language?

W: I’ve been learning English for about six and a half years.

Q: How long has the woman been learning English?

A) Five years.

B) Six and a half years.

B) Six and a half years.

C) Six years.

D) Half a year.


Cp lp15

script

CP-lp15

M: The book costs $14, but I only have $10. Could you lend

me some money?

W: It’s my pleasure.

Q: How much money does the man need to borrow from the

woman?

5.

A) $4.

A) $4.

B) $10.

C) $40.

D) $30.


Cp lp16

CP-lp16

8.

Listen to the following short talk and fill in the blanks with the missing words. The talk is spoken twice.

_______

People go to college for many reasons. Some go to college to find out who they are and what they want to become. Others go to college to follow their dreams.

For me, going to college gives me the opportunity to have new experiences. At college I have to organize my time and the way I spend my time. I also have to take care of myself. What I like best here is that I can make full use of the library, which has so many books, newspapers and magazines.

find out

______

dreams

experiences

__________

__________

take care of

library

______

Becoming a college student has also given me the opportunity to meet many friends. Here I have new classmates from different places. I have not only made friends with them, but have also learnt a lot from them.

The most important reason for me to be a college student is to follow my dream. All my life I have dreamed of becominga good teacher. I like children and I want to make a living by teaching.

_______

different

becoming

________

make a living

___________


Cp lp18

CP-lp18

9.

Listen to the talk again and then answer the following questions orally.

1. Why do people go to college?

Some go to college to find out who they are and what they want to become. Others go to college to follow their dreams.

2. Why does the speaker go to college?

He goes to college to have new experiences.


Cp lp19

CP-lp19

3. What does the speaker like best about college?

He can make full use of the library that has so many books, newspapers and magazines.

4. What is the speaker’s most important reason for going to college?

The most important reason is to follow his dream.

5. What is the speaker’s dream?

His dream is to become a good teacher.


Cp lp20

first of all

secondly

finally

CP-lp20

10.

Tell your classmates three reasons why you want to be a college student, using the following words and expressions.


Rw list

RW list

Reading & Writing

Text A

College – A Transition Point in My Life

Text A Exercises

Grammar Review

Practical Writing

What I Hope to Gain from a College Education

Text B

Text B Exercises

Devlin’s Advice

Text C

Comprehension of the Text

Basic Reading Skills


Starter1 1

Starter1-1

Text A

Starter

For many people, college life is a new experience. They feel excited and at the same time a bit worried. How did you feel when you first got to college? Name three things that you feltexcitedabout and three things you felt a bit worried about.

Things I felt excited about when I first got to college:

1.

2.

3.


Starter1 2

Starter1-2

Text A

Things I felt a bit worried about when I first got to college:

1.

2.

3.


Starter1 3

Starter1-3

Text A

Discuss your response with a classmate. You and your classmate may have different responses.

Now read the following passage and try to find out what worried the writer when he first got to college.

1.

2.

3.

4.


Article1

CH

article1

Text A

College — A Transition Point in My Life

Author Unknown

1 When I first entered college as a freshman, I was afraid that I was not able to do well in my studies. I was afraid of being off by myself, away from my family for the first time.Here I was surrounded by people I did not know and who did not know me. I would have to make friends with them and perhaps also compete with them for grades in coursesI would take. Were they smarter than I was? Could I keep up with them? Would they accept me?

N

N

?


Article2

CH

article2

Text A

2 I soon learned that my life was now up to me. I had to set a study program if I wanted to succeed in my courses. I had to regulate the time I spent studying and the time I spentsocializing. I had to decide when to go to bed, when and what to eat, when and what to drink, and with whom to be friendly. These questions I had to answer for myself.

N

N

?


Article3

CH

article3

Text A

3At first, life was a bit difficult. I made mistakes in how I used my time. I spent too much time making friends. I also made some mistakes in how I chose my first friends in college.

?


Article4

CH

article4

Text A

4Shortly, however, I had my life under control. I managed to go to class on time, do my first assignments and hand them in, and pass my first exams with fairly good grades. In addition, I made a few friends with whom I felt comfortable and with whom I could share my fears. I set up a routine that was really my own — a routine that met my needs.

N

?


Article5

CH

article5

Text A

5As a result, I began to look upon myself from a different perspective. I began to see myself as a person responsible for myself and responsible for my friends and family. It felt good to make my own decisions and see those decisions turn out to be wise ones. I guess that this is all part of what people call “growing up.”

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Article6

CH

article6

Text A

6 What did life have in store for me? At that stage in my life, I really was not certain where I would ultimately go in life and what I would do with the years ahead of me.But I knew that I would be able to handle what was ahead because I had successfully jumped this important hurdle in my life: I had made the transition from a person dependent on my family for emotional support to a person who was responsible for myself.

(416 words)

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Article1 popwin tranion

Article1_popwin_tranion

transition/ trn'zn/: n.

(instance of) changing from one state or condition to another 过渡;转变

Title of Text A

Author Unknown: The name of this writer is not known.

Author (作者) Unknown means 佚名作者.


Article1 popwin q

Article1_popwin_Q

1) What was the writer afraid of when he first became a college student?

He was afraid that he was not able to do well in his studies. He was also afraid of being off by himself.

2) What questions did he have about his classmates and himself?

Were they smarter than he was? Could he keep up with them? And would they accept him?


Article1 popwin t

Article1_popwin_T

Chinese Version

大学——我一生中的转折点

佚名

作为一名一年级新生初进大学时,我害怕自己在学业上搞不好。我害怕独自一人在外,因为我是第一次远离家人。这里周围都是我不认识的人,而他们也不认识我。我得和他们交朋友,或许还得在我要学的课程上跟他们在分数上进行竞争。他们比我更聪明吗?我跟得上他们吗?他们会接受我吗?


Article1 popwin enter

Article1_popwin_enter

Language Points

enter /5entE/:vt. go or come into (a place) 进入

e.g.

enter a room/ a house进入房间/房子

As soon as he entered the room, he saw his father and mother.

他一进屋就看到了父母。

The train has entered the railway station.

火车已进站。


Article1 popwin freshmen

Article1_popwin_freshmen

Language Points

freshman / /: n.

a student in the first year of high school or university

(中学或大学)一年级学生


Article1 popwin do well

Article1_popwin_do well

Language Points

do well: be successful, especially in work or business 干得好

e.g.

Jack is doing very well at work.

杰克工作很出色。

Tom did well at school when he was young.

汤姆年轻时在学校里学习很好。


Article1 popwin being off

Article1_popwin_being off

Language Points

being off:

离开

As this expression is used after the preposition “of”, the verb “be” takes the -ing form. The expression “be off ” means “leave or be away”.

e.g.

I must be off now (=I must leave).

我现在得走了。

Her son was off on a business trip somewhere (=Her son was away on a business trip somewhere).

她儿子去某个地方出差了。


Article1 popwin by oneself

Article1_popwin_by oneself

Language Points

by oneself: alone单独,独自

e.g.

Come in; we're all by ourselves.

请进来吧;我们没有客人。

You can't go home by yourself in the dark.

天黑黑的,你不能一个人回家。


Article1 popwins i was

Article1_popwinS_I was…

Language Points

I was afraid of being off by myself, away from my family for the first time.

我害怕独自一人在外,因为我是第一次远离家人。

off意为away(离开)。


Article1 popwins here i

Article1_popwinS_Here I…

Language Points

Here I was surrounded by people I did not know and who did not know me:

people后有两个定语从句:(whom) I did not know 和 who did not know me。在第一个定语从句中,省略了whom。


Article1 popwin surround

Article1_popwin_surround

Language Points

surround /sE5rnd/: vt. be or move into position all around (sb. or sth.)

包围;围住;环绕

e.g.

The trees surround the house.

树木围绕着房子。(或:房子四周都是树)

As a child I was surrounded by love and kindness.

作为一个孩子,我周围充满了爱和仁慈。


Article1 popwin make friends with

Article1_popwin_make friendswith

Language Points

make friends with: become friendly with sb.

与某人交朋友

e.g.

He made friends with an old worker.

他跟一个老工人交了朋友。


Article1 popwin compete

Article1_popwin_compete

Language Points

compete /kEm5pi:t/: vi. try to win sth. by defeating others who are trying to do the same 竞争;对抗

e.g.

It's difficult for a small country to compete against/with big countries.

一个小国难以和那些大国竞争。


Article1 popwin course

Article1_popwin_course

Language Points

course /kC:s/: n. a series of lessons or studies in a particular subject课程;科目


Article1 popwin i would take

Article1_popwin_I would take

Language Points

I would take:

此句是省略了关系代词“that”或“which”的定语从句。


Article1 popwin smart

Article1_popwin_smart

Language Points

smart /smB:t/: a. clever聪明的

e.g.

Tom is smart and always gets the highest grades.

汤姆很聪明,总是得最高分。


Article1 popwin keep up with

Article1_popwin_keep up with

Language Points

keep up with: move or progress at the same rate as 跟上

e.g.

I had to walk fast to keep up with him.

我必须走得快才能跟上他。

Jack's having trouble keeping up with the other students in his class.

杰克难以跟上班里的其他学生。


Article2 popwin q

Article2_popwin_Q

3) What did the writer have to do in order to do well in his studies?

He had to set a study program.


Article2 popwin t

Article2_popwin_T

Chinese Version

我很快就认识到,我的生活现在就取决于我自己了。如果我要在学业上取得成功,我就必须制定一份学习计划。我必须调整花在学习上的时间和花在社交上的时间。我必须决定什么时候上床睡觉,什么时候吃什么,什么时候喝什么,对什么人表示友好。这些问题我都得自己回答。


Article2 popwin be up to

Article2_popwin_be up to

Language Points

be up to: be left to (sb.) to decide

取决于(某人)的,须由(某人)决定的

e.g.

You may do your homework today or tomorrow — it's up to you.

你可以今天也可以明天做作业——由你自己决定。

It's up to our group leader to make the final decision.

最后的决定由我们的组长来做。


Article2 popwin set

Article2_popwin_set

Language Points

set: cause to exist 树立,制定

e.g.

Parents should set a good example for their children.

家长应给孩子树立一个好榜样。

The school set high standards for its students.

这所学校给学生们规定了高标准。


Article2 popwin succeed

Article2_popwin_succeed

Language Points

succeed /sEk5si:d/: vi. do what one is trying to do; achieve the desired end

成功;达到目的

e.g.

If you can learn, you can succeed in school.

如果你能学习,你就能在学校里取得成功。

If you try hard, you will succeed.

如果你非常努力,你就会成功。


Article2 popwin regulate

Article2_popwin_regulate

Language Points

regulate /5regjleIt/: vt. control (time, speed, etc.) so that it functions as desired

调整;调节(时间、速度等)

e.g.

regulate one's life

调整生活

regulate the temperature of a room

调节室温


Article2 popwin time i spent

Article2_popwin_time I spent

Language Points

time I spent: = time that I spent.

The relative pronoun "that" as the object of the attributive clause is omitted in this sentence(本定语从句中作为宾语的关系代词“that”被省略了).


Article2 popwin socialize

Article2_popwin_socialize

Language Points

socialize //: vi. meet people socially 与人交往;交际


Article2 spopwin i had to decide when to go to bed when

Article2_Spopwin_I had to decidewhen togo to bed, when

Language Points

I had to decide when to go to bed, when… :

本课文使用了较多起连接作用的副词和代词。这种副词和代词可以用于动词、介词或一些固定的短语之后。

e.g.

They' re discussing what to do next.

他们正在讨论接下来怎么办。

I don' t know where to go.

我不知道去什么地方。

Tom is not sure when he can come back.

汤姆不能肯定什么时候能回来。


Article2 popwin with whom to be friendly

Article2_popwin_with whom to be friendly

Language Points

with whom to be friendly: with whom to be friends

对谁友好

e.g.

Betty' s very friendly with John and Tom.

贝蒂对约翰和汤姆非常友好。


Article2 spopwin these questions i had to answer for myself

Article2_Spopwin_These questions I had to answer for myself:

Language Points

These questions I had to answer for myself:

The object “these questions” appears at the beginning of the sentence so that it is more closely linked with the sentence that goes before it. In this sentence, “for myself” means unaided “without help”独自地;依靠自己

e.g.

Nobody should help John with his homework this time. He must do it for himself.

这一次谁都不应帮着汤姆做作业。他必须独自完成。


Article2 popwin for myself

Article2_popwin_for myself

Language Points

for oneself:unaided; without help独自地;依靠自己


Article3 popwin q

Article3_popwin_Q

4) What mistakes did the writer make at first?

He made mistakes in how to use his time.


Article3 popwin t

Article3_popwin_T

Chinese Version

开始时,生活有点艰难。我在怎样利用时间上犯了错误。我在交朋友上花的时间太多了。我还在怎样选择大学里的第一批朋友上犯了一些错误。


Article3 popwin at first

Article3_popwin_at first

Language Points

at first: at or in the beginning 起先,开始时

e.g.

At first, George did not know how to do his work and felt worried.

开始时,乔治不知道怎样干自己的工作,心里很发愁。

If at first you don' t succeed, try, try again.

如果开初失利,那就再试一次。

At first I thought he was shy, but then I discovered that he was just not interested in other people.

起先我以为他是怕羞,但后来才发觉他是对别人不感兴趣。


Article3 popwin a bit

Article3_popwin_a bit

Language Points

a bit: a little or to a small degree

有点;稍微

e.g.

I ' m a bit tired tonight.

今晚我有点累。

She looks a bit like my sister.

她看上去有点像我妹妹。


Article3 popwin spend time in doing sth

Article3_popwin_spend time (in) doing sth

Language Points

spend time (in) doing sth.: use time doing a particular thing 花时间做某事

e.g.

Mary spends all her free time writing one book after another.

玛丽把她所有的空余时间都用来一本接一本地写书。

I spent an hour reading.

我花了一个小时阅读。


Article4 popwin q

Article4_popwin_Q

5) What happened to him shortly after?

He had his life under control and was able to do well in his studies.

6) What other things did the writer do in addition to his studies?

He made a few friends and set up a routine that met his needs.


Article4 popwin t

Article4_popwin_T

Chinese Version

然而不久,我就控制住了自己的生活。我做到了按时上课,完成并交上了第一批作业,而且以相当好的成绩通过了前几次考试。此外,我还交了一些朋友,跟他们在一起我感到很自在,我能把我担心的事告诉他们。我建立了一种真正属于我自己的常规——一种满足了我的需要的常规。


Article4 popwin shortly

Article4_popwin_shortly

Language Points

shortly /5FC:tlI/: ad. in a short time; not long; soon不久;很快

e.g.

Ms Jones will be back shortly.

琼斯女士很快就会回来。

They began their work shortly after New Year' s Day.

元旦过后不久,他们就开始工作了。


Article4 popwin however

Article4_popwin_however

Language Points

however /h5evE/: ad. nevertheless; yet

然而;可是

e.g.

It' s raining hard. However, they went out.

当时雨下得很大,然而他们还是出去了。

The book is expensive; however, it' s worth buying.

这本书很贵,然而却值得买。


Article4 popwin have sth under control

Article4_popwin_have sth. under control

Language Points

have sth. under control: have sth. managed, dealt with, or kept in order successfully

使某事恢复正常; 使某事处于控制之下

e.g.

I' m glad to see that you have had everything under control.

很高兴看到你已使一切恢复正常。

The soldiers had had the fire under control by 9:00 p.m.

到晚上9点,战士们已控制住了火势。

control //: n.

the ability or power to make sb. or sth. do what you want

控制;支配


Article4 popwin manage

Article4_popwin_manage

Language Points

manage //: vt. succeed in doing (sth.)

设法做到

e.g.

Anyway, we managed to get there on time.

不管怎么说,我们还是准时赶到了那儿。

When they first arrived in Shanghai, they managed to find a place to stay.

他们初到上海时,设法找到了一个住的地方。


Article4 popwin assignment

Article4_popwin_assignment

Language Points

assignment /'/: n. task or duty assigned to sb.; a piece of

work that a student is asked to do

(分派的)任务;(指定的)作业


Article4 popwin on time

Article4_popwin_on time

Language Points

on time: at the correct time or the arranged time准时

e.g.

Jack was worried about whether he’d be able to get there on time.

杰克担心自己能否准时到达那儿。


Article4 popwin hand in

Article4_popwin_hand in

Language Points

hand in: give sth. to sb. in authority

交上

e.g.

Did you hand in your homework on time?你准时把作业交上去了吗?


Article4 popwin in addition

Article4_popwin_in addition

Language Points

addition /'/: n.

adding; person or thing added加;增加的人(或物)

in addition: as sth. extra; besides另外;加之

e.g.

Tom studies very hard in our school. In addition, he always helps his classmates.

汤姆在我们学校里学习非常努力。此外,他还一直帮助他的同班同学。

My English teacher knows three languages. In addition to English and Chinese, he also knows French.

我的英语老师懂三门语言。除了英语和汉语外,他还懂法语。


Article4 popwin comfortable

Article4_popwin_comfortable

Language Points

comfortable /'/: a. feeling physically relaxed and

satisfied; feeling free from anxiety

舒适的;安逸的;无忧无虑的

e.g.

I was so comfortable and warm in bed that I didn' t want to get up.

我在床上又舒服又暖和,根本不想起来。

She does not feel very comfortable with strangers.

她在生人面前感到不自在。


Article4 popwin share

Article4_popwin_share

Language Points

share //: vt. have or use (sth.) with others; tell (sb.) about (sth.)与别人分享(或合用)(某物);把(某事)告诉(某人)

e.g.

I share an office with some other teachers.

我与别的几位教师合用一个办公室。

They shared the cake between them.

他们分享了那只蛋糕。

I want to share my news with you.

我想把我得到的消息告诉你。


Article4 popwin fear

Article4_popwin_fear

Language Points

fear //: n.unpleasant feeling when danger is close; feeling of being afraid

恐惧;害怕


Article4 popwin routine

Article4_popwin_routine

Language Points

routine /ru:5ti:n/: n. fixed and regular way of doing things惯常的程序;常规


Article4 spopwin i set up a routine that was really my own a routine that met my needs

Article4_Spopwin_I set up aroutine that wasreally my own — a routine that met my needs.

Language Points

I set up a routine that was really my own — a routine that met my needs.

我建立了一种真正属于我自己的常规——一种满足了我的需要的常规。

破折号后的“a routine that met my needs”系同位语,强调和补充说明上文的“a routine”。


Article4 popwin set up

Article4_popwin_ set up

Language Points

set up: establish 建立

e.g.

He set up a small travel business.

他开办了一家小旅行社。

A fund will be set up for the dead men' s families.

将为死者的家属设立一项基金。


Article4 popwin meet

Article4_popwin_ meet

Language Points

meet: satisfy 满足

e.g.

Does this meet your hopes?

这满足你的希望了吗?

We are doing our best to meet your needs.

我们正在尽最大的努力满足你们的需要。


Article5 popwin q

Article5_popwin_ Q

7) How did the writer begin to see himself as a result?

He began to see himself as a person responsible for himself and for others.


Article5 popwin t

Article5_popwin_ T

Chinese Version

结果,我开始从一个不同的视角看待我自己了。我开始把自己看作是一个对自己负责也对朋友和家人负责的人。凡事自己做决定并看到这些决定最终证明是明智的决定,这种感觉很好。我猜想这就是人们所说的“成长”的一部分吧。


Article5 popwin as a result

Article5_popwin_ as a result

Language Points

as a result: coming or happening as a natural consequence 结果

e.g.

He made one big mistake and, as a result, lost his job.

他犯了一个大错,结果丢了工作。

He was late as a result of the snow.

因为下雪,他来晚了。


Article5 popwin look on upon

Article5_popwin_ look on/upon

Language Points

look on/upon: regard (sb. or sth.) in the specified way

(以特定目光或情绪)看;看待

e.g.

We looked on her as our own daughter.

我们把她看作自己的女儿。

I look on him with dislike.

我以厌恶的眼光看待他。


Article5 popwin see as

Article5_popwin_ see… as

Language Points

see… as: regard… as把…看作

e.g.

He saw himself as a great man.

他把自己看作是一个伟人。

Similar expressions: I want you to think of this as your home.

我希望你把这里看作是自己的家。

I look on him as a good friend.

我把他看作是一个好朋友。


Article5 popwin perspective

Article5_popwin_ perspective

Language Points

perspective /'/: n.a way of looking at things and

forming a judgement(观察问题的)视角;观点


Article5 popwin responsible

Article5_popwin_ responsible

Language Points

responsible /rIs5pnsEbl/: a. (for) legally or morally obliged to take care

of sb. or sth. or to carry out a duty, and liable to be blamed if one fails

(法律上或道义上)需负责任的,承担责任的

e.g.

He is responsible for the management of the company.

他负责经营这家公司。

They are not my children, but I still feel responsible for them.

他们不是我的孩子,但我仍然觉得要对他们负责。

句中“responsible for myself”作定语,修饰“a person”。短语作定语时,一般置于其所修饰的名词之后。相同的例子还有第六段中“a person dependent on my family”。


Article5 spopwin i began to see myself as

Article5_Spopwin_ I began to see myself as …

Language Points

I began to see myself as a person responsible for myself and responsible for my friends and family.

我开始把自己看作是一个对自己负责也对朋友和家人负责的人。

… a person responsible for myself…:短语作定语时,一般置于其所修饰的名词之后。相同的例子还有第六段中a person dependent on my family…。


Unit1

Article5_Spopwin_ It felt good to make my own decisions and see those decisions turn out to be wise ones

Language Points

It felt good to make my own decisions and see those decisions turn out to be wise ones:

本句中It是形式主语,真正的主语是后面的“to make…and see…”不定式短语。

Other examples: It' s faster to fly than to go by train.乘飞机比坐火车要快。(主语为“to fly”)

I don' t have enough money to visit the zoo. It costs $12 just to get in the door.我没有足够的钱去参观动物园。光进门就要花12美元。(主语为“just to get in the door”)

It' s no use worrying.担心是没用的。(主语为“worrying”)

It' s a pity you couldn' t come.你不能来,真遗憾。(主语为“you couldn' t come”)


Article5 popwin decision

Article5_popwin_ decision

Language Points

decision //: n. sth. that is decided决定

e.g.

I need to think about it. It' s a big decision.

我需要考虑一下。这是一项重大决定。

Can you tell me who made the decision?

你能告诉我是谁做的决定吗?


Article5 popwin turn out

Article5_popwin_ turn out

Language Points

turn out: prove to be证明是

e.g.

Our party last night turned out a success.

我们昨晚的聚会结果很成功。

I was a bit worried about John' s idea at first, but it turned out to be a really good one.

起初我对约翰的想法有点担心,但结果证明他的想法真的很好。


Article5 popwin wise

Article5_popwin_ wise

Language Points

wise /wz/: a. having or showing good judgment

英明的;明智的

e.g.

I think you have made a very wise decision.

我认为你作出了一项非常明智的决定。

Do you think it' s wise for him to travel by himself?

你认为他独自旅行明智吗?


Article5 spopwin all part of what people call growing up

Article5_Spopwin_ all part of what people call“growing up”

Language Points

all part of what people call“growing up”: what = the thing(s) which

e.g.

This is what I want.

这就是我要的东西。

I believe what he told me.

我相信他告诉我的话。

I' m not sure about what I need.

我也不能肯定我需要什么。


Article5 popwin grow up

Article5_popwin_ grow up

Language Points

grow up: reach the stage of full development; become adult or mature长大;成长;成熟

e.g.

What do you want to be when you grow up?

你长大了想做什么?

I grew up in Kunming.

我是在昆明长大的。


Article6 popwin q

Article6_popwin_Q

8) What did he think of his future at that time?

He was uncertain about the years ahead of him but he knew he would be able to handle his life in the future.

9) Why was the writer so sure about himself and his future?

Because he had jumped an important hurdle in his life.

10) What does the expression “this important hurdle in my life” mean?

The transition from a person dependent on his family for emotional support to a person who wasresponsible for himself.


Article6 popwin t

Article6_popwin_T

Chinese Version

我未来的生活将会怎样呢?在人生的这一阶段,我真的不能确定我的人生之路最终将会走向何方,我真的不知道在以后的几年中我会做什么。但我知道,我能应对未来,因为我已经成功地跃过了我生命中的这一重要障碍:我已经完成了从一个依赖家人给予感情支持的人向一个对自己负责的人的过渡。


Article6 popwin in store

Article6_popwin_in store

Language Points

in store: about to happen; waiting即将发生;等待着

e.g.

You never know what' s in store for you.

你永远也不会知道等待着你的是什么。

John has a surprise in store for him when he gets home tonight!

约翰今晚回到家时有一个意外的惊喜在等着他。


Article6 spopwin at that stage in my life

Article6_Spopwin_At that stage in my life, …

Language Points

At that stage in my life, I really was not certain where I would ultimately go in life and what I would do with the years ahead of me:

句中“was not certain”后跟了分别由where和what引导的从句。

More examples:

I’m certain that I left the keys on the table.

我确信我把钥匙丢在桌子上了。

I felt certain that I' d passed the test.

我确信我已经通过了考试。

I’m not certain when the bus will come.

我不能肯定公共汽车什么时候会来。

I’m not certain who was there.

我不能肯定当时谁在那儿。


Article6 spopwin but i knew that

Article6_Spopwin_But I knew that …

Language Points

But I knew that I would be able to handle what was ahead because I had successfully jumped this important hurdle in my life: I had made the transition from a person dependent on my family for emotional support to a person who was responsible for myself.

但我知道,我能应对未来,因为我已经成功地跃过了我生命中的这一重要难关:我已经完成了从一个依赖家人给予感情支持的人向一个对自己负责的人的过渡。


Article6 popwin stage

Article6_popwin_stage

Language Points

stage /steIdV/: n. a part of an activity or a period of development 阶段,时期

e.g.

the different stages of a child' s development

儿童成长的不同阶段

The plan is still in its early stage/ at an early stage.

这项计划仍处于酝酿阶段。


Article6 popwin ultimately

Article6_popwin_ultimately

Language Points

ultimately /5QltImtlI/: ad. in the end; finally

最后,最终


Article6 popwin ahead of

Article6_popwin_ahead of

Language Points

ahead /E5hed/: ad.&[一般作表语]a. further forward in space or time在前面,在前头

e.g.

The road ahead is very busy.前面那条马路交通很繁忙。Our team was ahead by six points.我们队领先6分。

ahead of: in front of在…前面

e.g.

You have a long trip ahead of you.

你前面还有很长的路程。

Let Tom walk ahead of you — he knows this place well.

让汤姆走在你前面——这地方他很熟。


Article6 popwin handle

Article6_popwin_handle

Language Points

handle //: vt. deal with; manage; control处理,应付;管理;操纵,控制

e.g.

John handled the problem well.

这个问题约翰处理得很好。

If you can' t handle the job,I' ll get someone else to do it.

这工作你如果应付不了,我就另找人来做。


Article6 popwin successfully

Article6_popwin_successfully

Language Points

successfully /sEk5sesflI/: ad.成功地

e.g.

He graduated from college successfully when he was only 20.

他才20岁就顺利地大学毕业了。

George' s factory has been run successfully for two years now.

乔治的工厂现已成功地经营了两年。


Article6 popwin hurdle

Article6_popwin_hurdle

hurdle //: n. [fig.] difficulty to be overcome; obstacle难关;障碍


Article6 popwin dependent

Article6_popwin_dependent

Language Points

dependent /dI5pendEnt/: a. (on, upon) needing support from sb. or sth.依靠的;依赖的

e.g.

Jane’s mother was dependent on her for everyday care.

简的母亲每天都要依赖她照料。

You can' t be dependent on your parents all your life.

你不可能一辈子都依赖父母。


Article6 popwin emotional

Article6_popwin_emotional

Language Points

emotional /mnl/: a. of the emotions 情感的

e.g.

I still need my parents’ love, and the emotional support they' re giving me.

我仍然需要父母的爱和他们给予我的感情上的支持。


Unit1

main

Text A Exercises

Reading Aloud

Understanding the Text

Reading Analysis

Vocabulary

Structure

Translation


Read the following

Read the following

Read the following paragraphs until you have learned them by heart.

1

When I first entered college as a freshman, I was afraid that I was not able to do well in my studies. I was afraid of being off by myself, away from my family for the first time. Here I was surrounded by people I did not know and who did not know me. I would have to make friends with them and perhaps also compete with them for grades in courses I would take. Were they smarter than I was? Could I keep up with them? Would they accept me?

I soon learned that my life was now up to me. I had to set a study program if I wanted to succeed in my courses. I had to regulate the time I spent studying and the time I spent socializing. I had to decide when to go to bed, when and what to eat, when and what to drink, and with whom to be friendly. These questions I had to answer for myself.


Understandling answer

Understandling-Answer

Answer the following questions.

2

1. What was the writer afraid of when he first became a college student?

2. What are the three questions he had about his classmates and himself?

3. What did the writer have to do in order to do well in his studies?

4. What mistakes did the writer make at first?

5. What happened to him shortly after?

6. What other things did the writer do in addition to his studies?

7. How did the writer begin to see himself as a result?

8. What did he think of his future at that time?

9. Why was the writer so sure about himself and his own future?

10. What does the expression “this important hurdle in my life” mean?


Topics 1

Topics-1

Topics for Discussion.

3

  • What do you think of the writer’s “transition” from a person dependent on his family to a person responsible for himself? Do you want to do the same as the writer has done?

  • 2. The transition from high school to college can be difficult for some young people. What are your difficulties and how are you going to overcome (克服) them?


Read text 1

Read text-1

Read Text A again and complete the following table.

4

ParagraphTopicTopic Sentence Supporting Details

1.Afraid of being

_____________

2. Surrounded by

people I didn’t

know and who

didn’t know me

3. Have to make

friends with them

and alsocompete

with them

When I first entered college as a freshman, I was afraid that I was not able to do well in my studies.

Afraid of not being able to do well in my studies

off by myself

1


Read text 2

Read text-2

ParagraphTopicTopic Sentence Supporting Details

1.Set_____________

2.Regulate_________

3. Decide when to go

to bed

4. Decide what to eat

and drink

5. Decide with whom

to be friendly

a study program

I soon learned that

my life was now up to me.

_______________

_______________

_______________

My life was now up to me.

2

my time


Read text 3

Read text-3

ParagraphTopicTopic Sentence Supporting Details

  • Made mistakes

  • _______________

  • _______________

  • 2. Made some

  • mistakes _____

  • _______________

  • _______________

  • _______________

At first, life was a bit difficult.

_____________

_____________

Life was a bit difficult.

3

in how I used my time

in how I chose my first friends in college


Read text 4

Read text-4

ParagraphTopicTopic Sentence Supporting Details

  • Went to class

  • _________

  • 2. Did my first

  • assignments and

  • handed them in

  • 3. Passed _______

  • _____________

  • 4. Made ________

  • _____________

  • 5. Set up _______

Had my life ___________

Shortly, however, I had my life under control.

4

on time

under control

my first exams

a few

friends

a routine


Read text 5

Read text-5

ParagraphTopicTopic Sentence Supporting Details

1.Went to class

_________

2. Did my first

assignments and

handed them in

3. Passed _______

_____________

4. Made ________

_____________

5. Set up _______

Look upon

___________

___________

___________

on time

Shortly, however, I had my life under control.

5

myself from a different perspective

my first

exams

a few

friends

a routine


Read text 6

Read text-6

ParagraphTopicTopic Sentence Supporting Details

Reason:____________

__________________

__________________

__________________

__________________

__________________

__________________

I had made the transition from a person dependent on my family for emotional support to a person who was responsible for myself.

But I know that I would be able to handle what was ahead.

Life in store for me

6

Now retell the main idea of the passage by using the information in the

table you have completed.


Vocabulary fill in1 1

Vocabulary-Fill in1-1

Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the forms where necessary.

5

Comfortable enter fear handle however

manage responsible share shortly smart succeed surround

  • George is a ______boy; he is one of the best students in his class.

smart

2. You have to work hard if you want _________ in your courses.

succeed

3. _______ after you left, a girl came into our office looking for you.

Shortly


Vocabulary fill in1 2

Vocabulary-Fill in1-2

4. At first, the course was a bit difficult for me but I _______ to pass the final exam with a fairly good grade.

managed

5. Mary is my best friend and I always _______ my secrets(秘 密)with her.

share

6. The lost traveler was filled with _____ when he saw a bear(熊)running toward him.

fear


Vocabulary fill in1 3

Vocabulary-Fill in1-3

7. When you’re away from your family, you have to be ___________for yourself.

responsible

8. At first, he was afraid of being off by himself. Shortly, __________, he became used to living alone.

however

9. Children in China ______school at the age of 6 or 7 and must study there for at least nine years.

enter


Vocabulary fill in1 4

Vocabulary-Fill in1-4

10. The earth is ___________ by air, which makes up its atmosphere (大气层).

surrounded

11. If you can’t _______ the job, I’ll get someone else to do it.

handle

12. John was so ________ and warm in bed that he didn’t want to get up.

comfortable


Vocabulary fill in2 1

Vocabulary-Fill in2-1

6

Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the forms where necessary.

as a result at first be up to grow up in addition

keep up with make friends with set up turn out

under control

1. You can ask him for advice but the final choice ______ you.

is up to

2. Everything is developing(发展)so quickly in todays world that I am afraid I can’t _________ all the changes.

keep up with

3. The brave sailors(海员)managed to keep their boat under control during the storm.

under control


Vocabulary fill in2 2

Vocabulary-Fill in2-2

4. If ________ you don’t succeed, try, try again.

at first

5. The boy said that he wanted to be a computer scientist(科学家) when he ________ .

grew up

6. Today young people from different countries can easily ________________ one another through email.

make friends with


Vocabulary fill in2 3

Vocabulary-Fill in2-3

7. Mark wanted to finish his homework in two hours, but it ____________ to be harder than he thought.

turned out

8. Tom fell and broke his leg. __________ , he would have to be away from school for a month or two.

As a result


Vocabulary fill in2 4

Vocabulary-Fill in2-4

9. A new school has been ________ there.

set up

10. _________, I have something else to do this weekend.

In addition


Structure complete1 1

who(m) to

love and who(m) not to

Structure-complete1-1

7

Complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English.

Model:

I had to decide when to go to bed, when and what to eat, when and what to drink, and with whom to be friendly.

how to play the game

1. My friend told me ___________________long ago, but I have forgotten it now.(如何玩这个游戏)

2. The taxi driver asked me ____________________.(我要去什么地方)

3. Henry was not sure_______________________________. (他们会不会接受他)

4. Tom always tells others ________________________, but seldom does it himself. (做何事,如何做)

5. As a college student now, you have to know____________

____________________.(爱什么人,不爱什么人)

6. I am not certain ________________________ . (他什么时候作出那个决

定的)

where I wanted to go

whether they would accept him or not

what to do and how to do it

when he made that decision


Structure complete2 1

Structure-complete2-1

8

Study the following example. Then, with the verb provided translate each of the sentences into English using the “V + Object + as” structure.

Model:

I began to seemyselfas a person responsible for myself and responsible for my friends and family.

1. 我把李民看作我最好的朋友,我们有同样的爱好和兴趣。(see)

______________________________________________

______________________________________________

2. 他们把数学老师视为他们最好的教师。(look upon)

_____________________________________________

_____________________________________________

I see Li Ming as my best friend. We share the same

hobbies and interests.

They looked upon their math teacher as their best

teacher.


Structure complete2 11

Structure-complete2-1

3. 我们把这地方视为我们的家。(think of)

_____________________________________________

4. 他们把自己的大学生活看作一生中最幸福的几年。(look on)

_____________________________________________

_____________________________________________

We think of this place as our home.

They looked on their college life as their happiest years

in their life.


Translatlon 1

Translatlon-1

9

Translate the following sentences into English.

  • 约翰既聪明又有责任心。他喜欢跟别人交朋友。

  • ____________________________________________

  • ____________________________________________

  • 2. 我已经决定竞争这个新岗位。你也可以竞争。你自己决定吧。

  • ____________________________________________

  • ____________________________________________

  • 3. 医生来后不久就设法把我父亲的病控制住了。

  • ____________________________________________

  • ____________________________________________

John is both smart and responsible. He likes to make

friends with other people.

I have made the decision to compete for the new post.

You can compete for it, too.It’s up to you.

Shortly after the doctor came, he managed to have my

father’s illness under control.


Translatlon 2

Translatlon-2

4. 作为新生,我们大部分人都不知道等待着我们的大学生活会是怎样的,但是我们都知道我们必须把学习搞好。____________________________________________

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

5. 要在大学里取得成功,我们必须跟上其他的学生并且制定一个适合我们需要的常规。____________________________________________

____________________________________________

6. 虽然上星期的作业比我想象的难,我还是按时交上去了。

____________________________________________

____________________________________________

As freshmen, most of us do not know what college life

has in store for us, but we all know that we must do

well in our studies.

To succeed in college, we must keep up with the other

students and set up a routine that meets our needs.

Though the assignments last week turned out to be

More difficult that I thought, I handed them in on time.


Unit1

GR1

Grammar Review

动词时态(Verb Tenses)(1)

The Simple Present Tense and the Simple Past Tense(一般现在时和一般过去时)

英语中,不同时间发生的动作或存在的状态,要用不同的动词形式来表示。这种不同的动词形式称作时态。动作发生或状态存在的时间有现在、过去、将来和过去将来四种,而发生或存在的方式也有一般、进行、完成和完成进行四种。这样组合起来,英语就有16种时态,其中最常用的是12种,其动词基本形式(以make为例)列表如下:

方 式

一 般

进 行

完 成

完 成 进 行

时 间

make

makes

am

is making

are

have

made

has

have

been making

has

现 在


Unit1

GR2

方 式

一 般

进 行

完 成

完 成 进 行

时 间

was

making

were

had made

had been making

made

过 去

shall

make

will

shall

be making

will

shall

have made

will

将 来


Unit1

GR3

方 式

一 般

进 行

完 成

完 成 进 行

时 间

should

make

would

过去将来


Unit1

GR4

一般现在时(The Simple Present Tense)

用 法

例 句

I usually get up at six in summer.

我夏天通常6点钟起床。

They are students of the Department of Computer Science.

他们是计算机系的学生。

  • 表示经常发生的动作或现在的存在状态

2. 表示客观事实或普遍真理

The earth moves around the sun.

地球绕着太阳运转。

A friend in need is a friend indeed.

患难朋友才是真朋友。


Unit1

GR5

例 句

用 法

Some of my classmates speak English very well.

我的几个同学英语说得很好。

My brother is good with his hands.

我兄弟的手很灵巧。

3.表示主语的特征、性

格、能力等

4.在时间状语从句和条件

状语从句中表示将来

It won’t be long before we meet again.

我们不久就会再见面的。

If you come tomorrow, I’ll go swimming with you.

如果你明天来,我就和你一起去游泳。


Unit1

GR6

一般过去时(The Simple Past Tense)

例 句

用 法

When I first entered college as a freshman, I was afraid that I was not able to do well in my studies.

作为一名一年级学生初进大学时,我担心自己学业上搞不好。

At first, life was a bit difficult.

开始时,生活有点艰难。

  • 表示过去某一时间的动

  • 作或状态

  • 表示过去经常或反复发生的动作或存在的状态

In the first month or two, I spent too much time making friends.

在最初的一两个月里,我在交朋友上花的时间太多了。

When he was in high school, Tom often made his own decisions.

在中学时,汤姆经常自己作决定。


Unit1

GR7

例 句

用 法

3.在主句用过去时态的时

间状语从句和条件状语

从句中表示将来

Mary said she would come if she had time.

玛丽说如果有时间她就会来。

He said he wanted to be a teacher when he graduated from college.

他说大学毕业后他想当一名教师。


Unit1

GR8

10.

Fill in the blanks with the given verbs in their proper tenses.

be can feel have make manage meet set

Shortly, however, I (1)____ my life under control. I (2) ________ to go to class on time, do my first assignments and hand them in, and pass my first exams with fairly good grades. In addition, I (3) ______ a few friends with whom I (4) _____ comfortable and with whom I (5) _____ share my fears. I (6) ____ up a routine that (7) _____ really my own — a routine that (8) ____ my needs.

had

managed

made

felt

could

was

set

met


Unit1

GR9

earn enjoy get go like live

live run train want watch work

be can feel have make manage meet set

Joe Sutton is a professional boxer(职业拳击手). He (1) ______ his job. He (2) _____ very hard and (3) _____ a lot of money. He (4) ____ in a small town but (5) _____ in London. He (6) ______ a very healthy life. He (7) _____ to bed early, (8) ______ up early and (9) _____ twenty kilometers every morning. His friends (10) ______all his fights on TV. They (11) ____ boxing and (12) _____ Joe Sutton to be the world champion(冠军).

enjoys

works

earns

lives

trains

lives

goes

gets

runs

watch

like

want


Unit1

PW1

Practical Writing

11.

The following is part of a student registration form. Fill in the form with the information given below in Chinese. Some parts have been done for you.

王大海 女 现年17岁 河南省开封市人 生于1988年5月17日

联系地址:中国河南省开封市北京路68号(2008年6月30日前有效)

电话:86-378-6263693 传真:86-378-6263693 邮编: 475002

电子邮件地址:[email protected]


Unit1

PW2

Student Registration Form

PLEASE PRINT OR TYPE ALL INFORMATION

NAME

Last name (Family name)

WANG

Middle

First

DAHAI


Unit1

PW3

PRESENT MAILING ADDRESS

Good until: (Month-Day-Year)

06/30/2008

Street and number

No. 68 BEIJING ROAD

City

KAIFENG

State/Province(省)

HENAN

Zip/Postal code(邮编)

475002

Country (if not US)

CHINA

Telephone number (including area/country code)

86-378-6263693

E-mail address

wangdahai@ 163.com

Fax number (including area/country code) (传真号)

86-378-6263693


Unit1

PW4

□ Male(男)

Sex

√ Female(女)

Date of birth

Month

May

Day

1 7

Year

1988

说明:1. last name姓, first name名。

2. 英语地址的习惯写法是“从小到大”:室/号→胡同/弄堂→街道/路→省/

市→国家。


Unit1

PW5

12.

Fill in the following form with your own information.

Information Request Service

Complete this form NOW to get more information about the college and

departments that interest you.


Unit1

PW6

Your Details

Please complete in BLOCK CAPITALS and in English

Title (Dr, Mr, Miss, Mrs, Ms)

Nationality

First name

Home address

Last name

Date of birth

Telephone

E-mail address


Textb p1

CH

TextB_P1

Text B

What I Hope to Gain from a College Education

Alexis Walton

1 After graduation from high school, I plan to do several things. The most important thing I plan to do is to go to college. Other than a degree, from a college education I plan to pursue higher learning, to begin a career, and to make history in my family.

N

?


Textb p2

CH

TextB_P2

Text B

2The first thing I hope to gain from a college education is higher learning. Learning goes far beyond a high school education and is very necessary in today’s society. It allows us to be familiar with our environment and everyone in it, and it allows us to maintainassurance of ourselves. A lot of us would be lost without any learning at all, and our world would be very confused. One must learn to do such things asapplying math skillsas well as being responsible and independent. I know that a college education would allow me to acquire these abilities.

N

N

?


Textb p3

CH

TextB_P3

Text B

3Secondly, I hope to begin a career as a result of my college education. As a college student, I plan to study chemical engineering. After taking all the classes necessary for this major and completing them successfully, I hope I’ll be able to begin a career as a chemical engineer.

?


Textb p4

CH

TextB_P4

Text B

4Making history in my family is yet another important thing I hope to gain from my college education. Neither of my parents graduated from college, nor did any of my three brothers, but they did, however, graduate from high school. Taking a look back has motivated me to reach farther. I plan to make history in my family by being the first to get a college education.

N

N

?


Textb p5

CH

TextB_P5

Text B

5 Pursuing higher learning, beginning a career, and making history in my family are things I hope to gain from my college education. It is very important that I accomplish these goalsso that I will have continuedsuccess. I know all of these things and many more are possible. If I believe it, then I can achieve it.

N

?


Textb p1 title

TextB_P1_Title

Title of Text B

What I Hope to Gain from a College Education:

In Text A, we learned that the word “what” can mean “the thing that/which” or “the things that/which.”

gain/geIn/:vt. get (sth. that one wants), esp. as a result of one’s

efforts; obtain; win 得到;获得

e.g.

Students gain useful knowledge by taking courses in school.

学生们在学校通过学习各门课程来获得有用的知识。

His ideas have gained a lot of support.

他的想法赢得了很多人的支持。

education /edju:5keIFEn/:n. training and teaching, esp. of young people in

schools and colleges, etc. 教育


Textb p1 questions

TextB_P1_Questions

  • What is the most important thing the writer wants to do after graduation

  • from high school?

The most important thing he wants to do is to go to college.

2) What are the goals the writer wants to achieve by going to college?

The goals are to pursue higher learning, begin a career, and make

history in his family.


Textb p1 chinese

TextB_P1_Chinese

Chinese Version

我希望从大学教育中得到什么

亚历克西斯·沃尔顿

中学毕业后,我计划做几件事。我计划做的最重要的事就是上大学。除了获得一个学位外,我还计划从大学教育中追求更高深的学识,开始一种职业生涯,并在我的家庭中创造历史。


Textb p1 lp graduation

TextB_P1_LP_graduation

Language Points

graduation/r/:n. the successful completion of a course of study at

a college or school (大学、中学等)毕业


Textb p1 lp plan

TextB_P1_LP_plan

Language Points

plan /plAn/:vt. make plans (to do sth.); intend 计划;打算

e.g.

Tom said he planned to talk to Mary tonight.

汤姆说他打算今晚与玛丽谈话。

They plan to leave Beijing at six in the evening.

他们计划今晚6点离开北京。


Textb p1 lp is togocollege

TextB_P1_LP_is togocollege

Language Points

is to go to college:

动词be用作连系动词,后跟用作表语的不定式短语。

e.g.

The key is to know what to do next.

关键是要知道下一步该怎么办。

My goal is to be a teacher in the future.

我的目标是将来做一名教师。

go to college意为“上大学”, college前不用冠词。


Textb p1 lp other than

TextB_P1_LP_other than

Language Points

other than:apart from; except除了

e.g.

Other than asking a few questions, I would also like to tell you how I feel about

the whole thing.

除了几个问题外,我还想告诉你我对整个事情的看法。

I don’t know any other American writers other than you.

除了你以外,我不认识别的美国作家。


Textb p1 lp degree

TextB_P1_LP_degree

Language Points

  • degree /dI5gri:/: n.

  • the qualification students get when they successfully complete a university or college course of study 学位

  • e.g.

  • My brother has a master’s degree from Harvard.

  • 我哥哥有一个哈佛大学的硕士学位。

  • 2. the amount or level of sth. 程度

  • e.g.

  • a high degree of skill 高度的技巧

  • I agree with you to a certain degree. 我在某种程度上同意你的意见。

  • 3. a unit for measuring angles or temperature 度

  • e.g.

  • an angle of ninety degrees (90°) 90度角

  • The highest temperature yesterday was 10 degrees centigrade (10℃).

  • 昨天的最高气温是摄氏10度。


Textb p1 lp pursue

TextB_P1_LP_pursue

Language Points

pursue /pE5sju:/:vt. do sth or try to achieve sth over a period of time

追求;从事

e.g.

to pursue a goal

追求一个目标

She wishes to pursue a medical career.

她希望从事医学职业。


Textb p1 lp career

TextB_P1_LP_career

Language Points

career /kE5rIE/:n. a job or profession one chooses or does for the whole or

part of one’s working life 职业;生涯

e.g.

a teaching career 教书生涯

a change of career 职业的改变

I have a great career. I teach high school English.

我有一份了不起的职业。我教中学英语。

She started her career as a teacher of English.

她当了一名英语教师,开始了她的职业生涯。


Textb p1 lp makehistory

TextB_P1_LP_makehistory

Language Points

make history:do sth. important that will be recorded and remembered

创造历史,做出值得纪念的事情

e.g.

Margaret Thatcher made history when she became British’s first female

Prime Minister.

玛格丽特·撒切尔成了英国第一位女首相,开创了历史新篇章。

Lindbergh made history when he flew across the Atlantic.

林德伯格飞越了大西洋,完成了一项名垂史册的壮举。


Textb p2 questions

TextB_P2_Questions

3) Why does the writer think that higher learning is necessary in today’s

society?

Because higher learning allows us to be familiar with everything around us and allows us to maintain assurance of ourselves.

4) What kind of ability does the writer hope to acquire from going to college?

He hopes to acquire the ability to do such things as applying math skills as well as being responsible and independent.


Textb p2 chinese

TextB_P2_Chinese

Chinese Version

我希望从大学教育中得到的第一样东西是更高深的知识。学习知识远远不止是获得中学教育,它在今天的社会里是非常必要的。它让我们熟悉我们的环境和环境中的每一个人,它让我们对自己保持自信。如果毫无知识,我们很多人就会迷失方向,我们的世界就会非常混乱。一个人不仅要成为负责、独立的人,还必须学会做像运用数学技能这样的事情。我知道大学教育就会让我获得这些能力。


Textb p2 lp the first

TextB_P2_LP_the first

Language Points

The first thing I hope to gain from a college education…

=The first thing that I hope to gain from a college education…

本句省略了定语从句中动词的宾语that。


Textb p2 lp go beyond

TextB_P2_LP_ go beyond

Language Points

go beyond: exceed 超过

e.g.

Their relationship has gone beyond friendship.

他们的关系已超出了友谊的范围。

Most of the people did not run far. None of them went beyond 20 kilometers.大多数人都没有跑远。没有一个人超过20公里。


Textb p2 lp allow

TextB_P2_LP_ allow

Language Points

allow /E5l/: vt. permit (sb./sth.) to do sth. 允许;容许

e.g.

My parents wouldn’t allow me to go to the party.

我父母不许我去参加聚会。

Smoking is not allowed in the classroom.

教室里不准吸烟。


Textb p2 lp familiar

TextB_P2_LP_ familiar

Language Points

familiar /fE5mIlIE/:a. (with) having a good knowledge of sth.

熟悉的;通晓的

e.g.

Are you familiar with this type of machine?

你熟悉这种机器吗?

I’m not familiar with this kind of music.

我不熟悉这种音乐。


Textb p2 lp environment

TextB_P2_LP_ environment

Language Points

environment /In5vIErEnmEnt/:n.环境

e.g.

Young children feel happier in their home environment.

小孩子在家庭环境中觉得更开心。

We must do our best to protect the environment.

我们必须尽最大努力保护环境。


Textb p2 lp maintain

TextB_P2_LP_ maintain

Language Points

maintain/meIn5teIn/: vt. cause (sth.) to continue; keep (sth.) in existence at

the same level, etc. 保持;维持

e.g.

She maintains a friendship with her college friend who lives in another city.

她跟住在另一个城市的大学朋友保持着友谊。

It is difficult to maintain one’s sense of humor every day.

每天都保持幽默感是很难的。


Textb p2 lp assurance

TextB_P2_LP_ assurance

Language Points

assurance /E5FErEns/:n. belief in your own abilities or strengths

把握;信心

e.g.

At the meeting, Jack talked about his plan with assurance.

杰克在会上充满自信地谈了他的计划。

As a new teacher, Mary does not have enough assurance in front of her class.

作为一名新教师,玛丽在全班学生面前信心不足。


Textb p2 lp a lot of

TextB_P2_LP_a lot of

Language Points

A lot of us would be lost without any learning at all:

In English, “be lost” means “not feel confident about what to do or how to behave.”

e.g.

It’s quite usual to feel lost when you first start college.

刚开始念大学感到不知所措是常有的事。

We would be lost without her help. 没有她的帮助我们就会一筹莫展。

In this sentence, “would…without…” forms a subjunctive structure (虚拟结构), meaning “if we did not have/take (any learning), we would…” (假如没有…则…),

e.g.

We could do nothing without John’s help.

如果没有约翰的帮助,我们就会一事无成。


Textb p2 lp confuse

TextB_P2_LP_ confuse

Language Points

confused:a. unable to think clearly; puzzled; mixed up

弄糊涂的;困惑的;混乱的

e.g.

confuse /kEn5fju:z/:vt. make (sb.) unable to think clearly; puzzle; put (sth.)

into disorder把(某人)弄糊涂;使困惑;使混乱,搞乱

e.g.

My father is old now. He gets quite confused sometimes and doesn’t even know what day it is.

我父亲现在老了。他有时候会变得糊里糊涂,甚至连星期几都不知道。

I hope my answer didn’t confuse everybody.

我希望我的回答没有把大家都搞糊涂。

I always confuse Mary with her sister-they’re so alike.

我总是分不清玛丽和她妹妹——她们俩太像了。


Textb p2 lp such things

TextB_P2_LP_ such things

Language Points

such things as:of the type that you are just going to mention 诸如…的事

e.g.

There is no such thing as a free lunch.

世上没有免费午餐这样的好事。

Such advice as he gave me was useless.

他给我的那种忠告是无用的。


Textb p2 lp apply

TextB_P2_LP_apply

Language Points

apply /E5plI/: vt. make practical use of (sth.) 应用;运用

e.g.

e.g.

He wants a job in which he can apply his skill with foreign languages.

他想找份能用上他的外语技能的工作。

These ideas are often difficult to apply in practice.

这些想法往往难以在实践中运用。

apply math skills:The phrase “apply math skills” is used after the

preposition (介词), so the verb should take the v+ing form.

In our college, students can enjoy such activities as dancing, swimming and playing ball games.

在我们大学里,学生们可以享受跳舞、游泳和球类比赛这类活动的乐趣。


Textb p2 lp skill

TextB_P2_LP_skill

Language Points

skill /skIl/:n. ability to do sth. well 技能;技艺;技巧

e.g.

Reading and writing are two different skills.

读和写是两种不同的技能。

Many jobs today require computer skills.

今天的许多工作都需要电脑技能。


Textb p2 lp as well as

TextB_P2_LP_ as well as

Language Points

as well as: in addition to something or someone else 既…又;除…之外还

e.g.

They sell books as well as newspapers.

他们既卖报又卖书。

These college students give help and support to poor children in the countryside, as well as teach them free of charge.

这些大学生除了免费教农村的穷孩子们读书外,还给他们以帮助和支持。


Textb p2 lp independent

TextB_P2_LP_ independent

Language Points

independent /IndI5pendEnt/:a. not dependent (on other people or things) 独立的;自主的

e.g.

As my sons are becoming more independent, I have more time for myself.

随着我的儿子们越来越独立,我有了更多用于自己的时间。


Textb p2 lp acquire

TextB_P2_LP_ acquire

Language Points

acquire /E5kwIE/:vt. gain (sth.) by one’s own ability, efforts or behavior

(通过自己的能力或努力)获得;学到

e.g.

She has acquired a good knowledge of English.

她已学到了很好的英语知识。

It took him a long time to acquire the skills he needed to become a good writer.

他花了很长时间才获得了成为一名好作家所需要的技能。


Textb p2 lp ability

TextB_P2_LP_ ability

Language Points

ability /E5bIltI/:n. skill, strength, etc. needed (to do sth.) 能力

e.g.

She had the ability to explain things clearly.

她有能力把事情解释得清清楚楚。

Our ability to think and speak makes us different from other animals.

我们能思维能讲话,这种能力使我们不同于其他动物。


Textb p3 questions

TextB_P3_Questions

5) What does the writer plan to study and what career does he hope to follow?

He plans to study chemical engineering and he wants to be a chemical engineer.


Textb p3 chinese

TextB_P3_Chinese

Chinese Version

其次,我希望因为受了大学教育而开始一种职业生涯。作为一名大学生,我计划学习化学工程。在学习这一专业所必需的所有课程并成功地完成它们之后,我希望能开始作为一名化工工程师的职业生涯。


Textb p3 lp secondly

TextB_P3_LP_ secondly

Language Points

secondly/5sekEndlI/:ad. in the second place 第二;其次

e.g.

I do not like this computer because first of all, it’s expensive, and secondly, it’s too slow.

我不喜欢这台电脑,因为第一,它很贵,第二,它运行很慢。


Textb p3 lp as a result of

TextB_P3_LP_ as a result of

Language Points

as a result of: because of 作为…的结果;由于

e.g.

He was late as a result of the snow.

因为下雪,他来晚了。

About 2,500 people died as a result of the earthquake.

大约有2 500人因地震而死亡。


Textb p3 lp chemical

TextB_P3_LP_ chemical

Language Points

chemical engineering:化学工程(指学科)

chemical /5kemIkl/:a. of or relating to chemistry 化学的

engineering /endVI5nIErIN/:n. practical application of scientific knowledge in the

planning and making of engines, machines, etc.工程


Textb p3 lp major

TextB_P3_LP_ major

Language Points

major /5meIdVE/:n. principal subject or course of study at college or

university (大学生的)主修科目;专业

e.g.

Her major is English.

她的专业是英语。

What is your major, English or French?

你是学什么专业的,英语还是法语?


Textb p3 lp complete

TextB_P3_LP_ complete

Language Points

complete /kEm5pli:t/:vt. finish 完成

e.g.

She will complete her studies in the U.S. soon.

她很快将完成在美国的学业。

The building took two years to complete.

这幢大楼花了两年才建成。


Textb p3 lp engineer

TextB_P3_LP_ engineer

Language Points

engineer /endVI5nIE/:n.工程师

e.g.

chief engineer 总工程师

electrical engineer 电气工程师


Textb p4 questions

TextB_P4_Questions

6) What can be learned about the writer’s family from the text?

None in his family has ever received a college education.


Textb p4 chinese

TextB_P4_Chinese

Chinese Version

在我的家庭中创造历史是我希望从大学教育中得到的又一样重要的东西。我的父母都没有大学毕业,我的三个兄弟中也没有一个大学毕业生,但他们却都中学毕业了。回顾过去激励着我走得更远。我希望成为第一个获得大学教育的人而在我的家庭中创造历史。


Textb p4 lp yet

TextB_P4_LP_yet

Language Points

yet:used to add emphasis to words such as “another” and “again” 再,还,又

e.g.

This is yet another area rich in wild flowers.

这是又一个盛开野花的地区。

I have to ask you this question yet again.

我不得不再一次问你这个问题。

He’s given us yet more work to do.

他又给了我们更多的工作做。


Textb p4 lp neither

TextB_P4_LP_ neither

Language Points

neither… nor…: used when mentioning two things that are not true or possible …不…也不…

e.g.

e.g.

Neither Mary’s mother nor her father spoke English.

玛丽的母亲和父亲都不讲英语。

I neither know nor care what has happened to him.

我既不知道也不关心他出了什么事。

注意:以nor引导的从句中,主语和谓语动词需倒装。

Neither of my parents can speak English, nor can my brother.

我的父母都不会说英语,我哥哥也不会。


Textb p4 lp graduate

TextB_P4_LP_ graduate

Language Points

graduate /5grAdjeIt/:vi. complete a course of study for a degree or diploma

毕业

e.g.

What are you going to do after you graduate?

你毕业后打算干什么?

We both graduated from the same high school in Guilin.

我们俩都毕业于桂林的同一所中学。


Textb p4 lp taking

TextB_P4_LP_ taking

Language Points

taking a look back:

This phrase is used as the subject of the sentence, meaning “回顾”.


Textb p4 lp motivate

TextB_P4_LP_ motivate

Language Points

motivate /5mEtIveIt/:vt. stimulate the interest of (sb.); cause (sb.) to want to

do sth. 激起(某人的)兴趣;激发(某人)做某事

e.g.

A good teacher has to be able to motivate her students.

一个好的教师必须能激发学生的兴趣。

They have worked out a plan to motivate the workers to work harder.

他们已经制定了一个激励工人更加努力工作的计划。


Textb p4 lp reach farther

TextB_P4_LP_ reach farther

Language Points

reach farther: go farther, achieve more 走得更远,取得更大成就

The word “farther” is the comparative (比较级)of “far”.


Textb p4 lp by being

TextB_P4_LP_ by being

Language Points

by being the first to get a college education:

The proposition “by” is used to show how something is done,

e.g.

They travelled across Europe by train/car.

他们乘火车/汽车游遍了欧洲。

He learned English by listening to the radio.

他听收音机学的英语。


Textb p5 questions

TextB_P5_Questions

7) Why is it very important for him to accomplish his goals?

Because he believes by accomplishing these goals he will have continued success.

8) Does the writer think it possible for him to achieve his goals?

Yes. He is sure he can accomplish his goals.


Textb p5 chinese

TextB_P5_Chinese

Chinese Version

追求更深远的知识,开始职业生涯,在我家中创造历史,这些就是我希望从大学教育中得到的东西。实现这些目标,从而使我不断地获得成功,这是非常重要的。我知道这些事情和更多的事情都是可能实现的。只要我相信这一点,那我就能实现它。


Textb p5 lp accomplish

TextB_P5_LP_ accomplish

Language Points

accomplish /E5kmplIF/: vt. complete (sth.) successfully; achieve

完成;实现

e.g.

The students accomplished the task in less than ten minutes.

10分钟不到,学生们就完成了任务。

What do you hope to accomplish this year?

今年你希望有何建树?


Textb p5 lp goal

TextB_P5_LP_ goal

Language Points

goal /gEl/:n. aim; purpose 目标;目的

e.g.

She has always wanted to have her own house, and now she has reached her goal.

她一直想有一套自己的房子,现在她已实现了自己的目标。

They have set themselves a series of goals to achieve by the end of the month.

他们已为自己确定了本月底要达到的一系列目标。


Textb p5 lp so that

TextB_P5_LP_ so that

Language Points

so that:used to show the purpose of sth. 为的是,以便

e.g.

Please take this map so that you know how to get there tomorrow.

请拿好这张地图,这样明天你就知道如何到那里去了。

She worked hard so that everything would be ready in time.

她努力工作为的是及时做好一切准备。


Textb p5 lp continue

TextB_P5_LP_ continue

Language Points

continued:a. going on without stopping 连续的;不停的

e.g.

continue /kEn5tInju:/:vi. keep on (doing sth.); not stop (doing sth.)

继续(做某事);不停

e.g.

Thank you for your continued support.

谢谢你不断的支持。

Do you know how much I have wished for your continued success?

你知道我是怎样一直在祝愿你不断取得成功吗?

If he continues drinking like that, I’ll have to carry him home on my back.

如果他继续这样喝的话,我就只好把他背回家了。

The rain continued until the end of the month.

这雨一直下到月底才停。


Textb p5 lp success

TextB_P5_LP_ success

Language Points

success /sEk5ses/:n. act or fact of succeeding 成功

e.g.

John’s new book was a great success.

约翰的新书大获成功。

I didn’t have much success finding a job.

我找工作不太成功。


Textb p5 lp many more

TextB_P5_LP_ many more

Language Points

many more:= many more things


Textb p5 lp achieve

TextB_P5_LP_ achieve

Language Points

achieve /E5tFi:v/:vt. get or reach (sth.); complete (sth.) successfully

得到;达到;完成,实现

e.g.

Tom has finally achieved success.

汤姆终于获得了成功。

She eventually achieved her goal of becoming a teacher.

她最终实现了成为一名教师的目标。

I’ve achieved only half of what I want to do.

我希望做到的,我只完成了一半。


Textb p1 notes

TextB_P1_Notes

Notes on the Text

Other than a degree, from a college education I plan to pursue higher learning, to begin a career, and to make history in my family.

除了获得一个学位,我还计划从大学教育中追求更高深的知识,开始一种职业生涯,并在我的家庭中创造历史。

higher learning高等教育;大学水平的学识


Textb p2 notes

TextB_P2_Notes

Notes on the Text

Learning goes far beyond a high school education and is very necessary in today’s society.

知识远远不止是获得中学教育,知识在今天的社会是非常必要的。


Textb p2 notes1

TextB_P2_Notes

Notes on the Text

One must learn to do such things as applying math skills as well as being responsible and independent.

一个人不仅要成为负责、独立的人,还必须学会做像应用数学技能这样的事情。


Textb p4 notes

TextB_P4_Notes

Notes on the Text

Making history in my family is yet another important thing I hope to gain from a college education.

在我的家庭中创造历史是我希望从大学教育中得到的又一样重要的东西。

yet与another连用表示“再、还、又”之意。又如:Play the tape yet another time.把磁带再放一遍。(指第三遍以上)


Textb p4 notes1

TextB_P4_Notes

Notes on the Text

Neither of my parents graduated from college, nor did any of my three brothers, but they did, however, graduate from high school.

我的父母都不是大学毕业生,我的三个兄弟也都不是大学毕业生,可是他们都是高中毕业生。

在 … but they did, however, graduate from high school中,did表示强调。


Textb p5 notes

TextB_P5_Notes

Notes on the Text

I know all of these things and many more are possible.

我知道所有这些事情和更多的事情都是可能实现的。


Textb exc1 a

TextB_Exc1_a

Exercises

13

Answer the following questions.

  • What is the most important thing the writer wants to do after graduation

  • from high school?

2. What are the goals the writer wants to achieve by going to college?

3. Why does the writer think that higher learning is necessary in today’s society?

4. What kind of ability does the writer hope to acquire from going to college?


Textb exc1 b

TextB_Exc1_b

5. What does the writer plan to study and what career does he hope to follow?

6. What can be learned about the writer’s family from the text?

7. Why is it very important for him to accomplish his goals?

8. Does the writer think it possible for him to achieve his goals?


Textb exc2 a

TextB_Exc2_a

14

Fill in the following blanks with the words or expressions given below. Change the form where necessary.

Accomplish achieve acquire apply complete

Environment gain graduate plan skill

skills

1. Reading and writing are two different .

2. Knowledge(知识)is by learning and skill is gained

by practice.

3. John is to open a bookshop near our college this autumn.

gained/acquired

planning


Textb exc2 b

TextB_Exc2_b

apply

4. After graduation, Henry wants a job in which he can his math skills.

5. We often hear it said that the best way to a foreign language is to

live in the country where it is spoken.

6. Formal education has several stages that follow one another. Usually

students need to one stage before they continue to the next.

acquire

complete


Textb exc2 c

TextB_Exc2_c

  • 7. As a parent, Henry is trying to create (创造) a happy home for his children to grow up in.

  • 8. He full marks in the English examination.

  • I hope to begin a career as an engineer after I from this

  • college.

  • 10. Alexis thinks he will be able to handle what is ahead of him

  • and his goals in life.

environment

gained

graduate

achieve/accomplish


Textb exc3 a

TextB_Exc3_a

15

15

Fill in the blanks with the expressions given below. Change the form where necessary.

as a result of as well as be familiar with go beyond

make history other than such… as so that

so that

  • 1. Henry hurried out he could get to class in time.

  • 2. What they were talking about my knowledge so I just listened to them without saying anything.

  • 3. the bad weather, I had to stay at home all day yesterday.

  • you the students in Class Two?

  • Alexis has in his family by being the first to get a college

  • education.

went beyond

As a result of

Are familiar with

made history


Textb exc3 b

TextB_Exc3_b

6. A college education allows me to get a degree, but that, it also allows me to be a responsible and independent person.

7. In the first year at college, we take courses math, physics, English and politics.

8. Mary works in a restaurant in the evenings doing a full-time job during the day.

other than

such as

as well as


Taxtc 1 e

CH

taxtC-1-E

Text C

Devlin’s Advice(忠告)

Keith Delin

Dear New Student:

1 What awaits(等待) you in the coming years — your college years? And what awaits you after your graduation from college?

2 For an entering college student, the likelihood(可能性) is that the job you will be doing ten years from now does not yet exist(存在). You will be doing something that at present no one is doing, or hardly anyone.

3 How can you possibly prepare for such a future?

4 My strongest advice would be to value(珍视) the breadth(宽度,广度) of the education available(可得到的) to you. The key to being successful in the world of today or tomorrow is an ability to learn.


Taxtc 1 c

taxtC-1-C

Text C

戴弗林的忠告

基思·戴弗林

亲爱的新生:

接下来的几年——你读大学的几年——等待着你的是什么呢?你大学毕业后等待着你的又是什么呢?

对于一个刚入学的大学生来说,你十年后在做的工作很可能现在还不存在。你将要做的事情目前还没有人在做,或者几乎没有人在做。

那你怎么可能为这样的未来做准备呢?

我最强烈的忠告是要珍惜你所受教育的广度。在今天或明天的世界上取得成功的关键是一种学习的能力。


Taxtc 2 e

CH

taxtC-2-E

Text C

5 At high school you had a teacher. But when you are out at work you will probably(很可能) have to go it alone(自个儿干). College is a half-way house(中途歇脚的客栈;过渡场所). The professors are there to help and guide you. But as teachers, the most important thing they are trying to “teach” you is how to learn. For example, your mathematics professor is not there to teach you mathematics. He or she is there to show you how to learn mathematics, and to help you in the process(过程). That’s a big difference from high school.


Taxtc 2 c

taxtC-2-C

Text C

在中学里你有老师。但当你在以后工作时,你可能就要自个儿干了。大学则是两者之间的一个过渡场所。教授在那儿帮助你、指引你。但是作为教师,他们试图“教”你的最重要的东西是如何学习。例如,你的数学教授并不是在那儿教你数学。他/她在那儿是通过示范告诉你如何学习数学,并在这一过程中帮助你。这跟中学大不一样。


Taxtc 3 e

CH

taxtC-3-E

Text C

6My second piece of advice is to work hardest at those subjects(科目)you don’t like or think you can never do. For many students, the subject that they don’t like is mathematics. But for many career paths(道路), mathematics is what they need to know in order to be successful. For construction(建筑) workers and engineers, geometry(几何学)is what you need to know. For future teachers, it is statistics (统计学)that you need to see if your tests are fair to your students. Even for someone who just wants to be a stay-at-home mom, calculations(计算) are needed to keep a household(家庭). In fact, what I am saying applies to all of you when you find yourself faced with any subject. Colleges and universities don’t have all those graduation requirements(要求)in order to make you suffer.


Taxtc 3 c

taxtC-3-C

Text C

我的第二点忠告是对那些你不喜欢或你认为永远也学不好的科目要下最大的苦功。对很多学生来说,他们不喜欢的科目是数学。但对很多职业道路来说,数学都是他们取得成功所需要掌握的。对建筑工人和工程师来说,几何是你应该掌握的。对未来的教师来说,为了判断你的测试对学生是否公平,你需要统计学。即使对某个只想待在家里做妈妈的人来说,持家也需要进行计算。事实上,我说的这番话在你们面对任何一门科目时对你们大家都适用。大学之所以规定所有那些毕业要求并不是为了让你们受苦。


Taxtc 4 e

CH

taxtC-4-E

Text C

They are there to help you broaden(开阔) your mind, and to prepare you to live your life to the fullest.

7My final piece of advice is to enjoy your life at college. I often hear people say that college is not the real world; that the purpose(目的) of your college years is to prepare you for your life “in the real world” in the future. That’s not right. You won’t stop living in the next few years. Your time at college or university is not pre-life(为以后做准备的生活). It’s several years of your life. It is the “real world.” So enjoy your time as a student and live your new “real life” to the full.


Taxtc 4 c

taxtC-4-C

Text C

它们是为了帮助你开阔视野,并使你们准备好最充分地度过一生。

我的最后一点忠告是享受你们在大学的生活。我常听到人们说,大学不是真实世界,在大学读几年的目的是使你为未来“在真实世界”的生活做好准备。这话不对。在以后几年中你不会停止生活。你在大学的时间并不是为以后做准备的生活。它是你生活中的几年。它就是“真实世界”。所以就享受你作为一名学生的时间,充分地过你的新的“真实生活”吧。


Taxtc commprehension cloose 1

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-1

Comprehension of the Text

Choose the best answer for each of the following multiple choice

questions.

16

1. The writer has written this letter to students who

have just____________________.

B) finished their college education

C) entered high school

D) finished their high school education

A) entered college

A) entered college


Taxtc commprehension cloose 2

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-2

2. What is the writer’s view about the jobs students of

today will do in the future?

A) There will not be enough jobs for everyone.

B) There will be too many jobs, but too few people to do

them.

D) Most of the jobs will be too difficult for the students to

do.

C) Most of the jobs will be new to the students.

C) Most of the jobs will be new to the students.


Taxtc commprehension cloose 3

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-3

3. How many different pieces of advice has the writer

given to new students?

A) 2.

C) 4.

D) 5.

B) 3.

B) 3.


Taxtc commprehension cloose 4

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-4

4. According to the writer, which is the most important

advice for new students?

A) Learn how to learn.

C) Be interested in all subjects at college.

D) Go to class on time.

B) Enjoy life at college.

B) Enjoy life at college.


Taxtc commprehension cloose 5

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-5

5. A university professor is different from a high school teacher

in that ____________________.

A) he knows more about the subjects he teaches

C) he likes mathematics more than high school teachers do

D) he enjoys teaching more than anyone else

B) he tries to help students learn by themselves

B) he tries to help students learn by themselves


Taxtc commprehension cloose 6

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-6

6. The reason why the writer talks about mathematics when

he gives his second piece of advice is that___________.

A) mathematics is far more useful than any other subject

B) mathematics is the most difficult to study

C) the writer himself is a teacher of mathematics

D) many students do not like mathematics at all

D) many students do not like mathematics at all


Taxtc commprehension cloose 7

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-7

7. In the sentence “Colleges and universities don’t have all

those graduation requirements in order to make you suffer,”

the word “suffer” means ______________.

A) get hurt

B) fall ill

C) work very hard

D) experience pain or difficulty

D) experience pain or difficulty


Taxtc commprehension cloose 8

taxtC-Commprehension-cloose-8

8. The writer is against the view that “college is not the real

world” because__________________.

A) it is fun to be in college

B) nobody can enjoy college life to the full

D) college life is more or less the same as high school life

C) college life is also part of students lives

C) college life is also part of students lives


Taxtc basic 1

taxtC-Basic-1

Basic Reading Skills

Reading for the Main Idea: Topic Sentence (1)

英语段落的中心思想常用主题句表达。所谓主题句就是概括说明某一段落中心思想的句子。因此,能迅速识别段落的主题句有助于读者很好地理解段落的中心思想。主题句通常出现在段落的开头。如A篇课文的第二段:

I soon learned that my life was now up to me. I had to set a study program if I were to succeed in my courses. I had to regulate the time I spent studying and the time I spent socializing. I had to decide when to go to bed, when and what to eat, when and what to drink, and with whom to be friendly. These questions I had to answer for myself.


Basic 2

Basic-2

At first, life was a bit difficult. I made mistakes in how I used my time. I spent too much time making friends. I also made some mistakes in how I chose my first friends in college.

这一段的第一句是主题句,说明一开始,并非一切顺利,生活有点困难。怎么个困难法呢?后三句则做了具体说明。


Taxtc basic 3

taxtC-Basic-3

17

Read Text B again and identify the topic sentence of each paragraph.

1. After graduation from high school, I plan to do several things.

2. The first thing I hope to gain from a college education is higher learning.

3. Secondly, I hope to begin a career as a result of my college education.

4. Pursuing higher learning, beginning a career, and making history in my

family are things I hope to gain from my college education.


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