Islam. By Anneliese Scalzo and Gabrie lle Jackson APWH Period 5 Schmid 10/18/12. http://www.pixmac.com/picture/3d+islamic+symbol/000047569455. Founder/Founding.
By AnnelieseScalzo and Gabrielle Jackson
APWH Period 5
The prophet Mohammad (or Muhammad), a camal driver, founded the religion of Islam. In 610 B.C., at the age of forty, Mohammad was visited by the angel, Gabriel, in Mecca. This began a series of revelations that would become the content of the Quran (the Muslim equivalent of the Bible). He went about converting people to this new monotheistic religion that would later become known as Islam. He is viewed today as the last prophet of Allah, the Muslim word for “God”. By 622 B.C., he was run out of Mecca and into Medina by those who opposed his teachings.
Islam is historically notorious for its stringent social, cultural, and religious gender roles that its followers are expected to adhere to. Traditionally, Islam is a patriarchal religion that holds gender bias against women. This view contradicts the Quran who views men and women to be equal in “human dignity”. Most women wear a head scarf, veil or Hijab.
Women do not have equal rights, they cannot choose marriage partners, divorce, or child custody. In verse 4.34, men are said to be guardians over women. Women are expected to be obedient wives and mothers. A Muslim man can have up to four wives according to the Quran.
- Iman- "There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger.“
- Salat- Pray five times per day by dropping to one's knees and facing Mecca as one does so.
- Sawm- Fast during the daylight hours of Ramadan, the holy month.
- Sakat- Donate roughly 2.5% of profit per year to the poor.
- Hajj- Make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once at some point in one's life.
In 570 CE, Muhammad, the founder of Islam, was born
In 610 CE, he received his first vision in a cave near Mecca.
In 622 CE, Muhammad and his followers flee to Medina. This is called Hijira, and this is the year the Islamic calendar begins.
In 650, Caliph Uthman had the Quran written down.
In 680, the death of Husayn marks the beginning of the Shi’a sect.
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