Reform of the Italian citizenship law
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Reform of the Italian citizenship law Recognizing citizenship to second generation born and/or grown in Italy. Hearing A more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants European Economic and Social Committee, Bruxelles 4 September 2013 Ezequiel Iurcovich. Us. Italian population – Jan 2013.

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Hearing a more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants european economic and social committee

Reform of the Italian citizenship lawRecognizing citizenship to second generation born and/or grown in Italy.

Hearing

A more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants

European Economic and Social Committee,

Bruxelles 4 September 2013

Ezequiel Iurcovich


Hearing a more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants european economic and social committee

Us

Italian population – Jan 2013

60,6 million

Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013

3,5 million

5,7%

Us +10 Years

Italian population – Jan 2013

62,7 million

7,6 million

Foreignnationals living in Italy – Jan 2013

12,1%

Ourheirs on 200° Anniversary of Italian Unification

Italian population – Jan 2013

61,8 million

13,8 million

Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013

22,3%

Source: ISTAT, Regional population forecast for 2065


Who what are second generations

Who / what are second generations?

Young people

From a legal point of view, children born in Italy to foreign parents are considered to be foreigners (...), although de facto Italians, since their path of growth and socialization, language acquisition and acculturation occurs within spaces education in the host country.

Sons/daughters of immigrants

AND/OR

Born in Italy

Grown in Italy

Are them different from young sons of Italians?

No, …..apparently

They are completely italians, but not by law

Italian Ministry of Interior: 1° Study on Immigrants in Italy, 2007


Second generation of immigration

Second generation of immigration

or

First generation of Italians

second generation

Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013

Us

60,6 million

Italian population – Jan 2013

3,5 million

1,0 million

76% born in Italy

Us +10 Years

Italian population – Jan 2013

62,7 million

2,2 million

Foreignnationals living in Italy – Jan 2013

7,6 million

Our heirs on 200° Anniversary of Italian Unification

Italian population – Jan 2013

61,8 million

13,8 million

4,1 million

Foreign nationals living in Italy – Jan 2013

Source: ISTAT, Regional population forecast for 2065


Law 5 february 1992 n 91 new laws on citizenship

Law 5 February 1992, n. 91New laws on citizenship

IUS SANGUINIS criterion

heirs of Italians are Italians (art. 1, p. 1)

Those who are born in Italy to foreign parents are foreigners

Excluding criterion:

Sole concession:

Those who are born in Italy to foreign parents, if legally and continuously residing in Italy, after 18th birthday have only 1 year to apply for citizenship

(art. 4, p. 2)

excluded

Those who are grown in Italy


Citizenship in eu countries

Citizenship in EU countries

Citizenship law taking into account second generations

Country

Double Ius Soli for 3G

Ius soli on request for 2G (12 years old, 10 years residence for parents)

Ius soli on request for 2G 18-30 years

Belgium

France

Double Ius Soli for 3G

Ius soli for 2G (request by parents < 13 years, request by subject < 16 anni, at 18 years if arrived > 11 years)

Germany

Ius soli for 2G (one parent > 8 years residence)

Ireland

Ius soli for2G ((one parent > 4 years residence)

Portugal

Ius soli for 2G ((one parent > 10 years residence)

Spain

Ius sanguinis

Double Ius Soli for 3G

United Kinkdom

Ius soli for 2G ((one parent > 5 years residence)


Foreign nationals in italy 1

Foreign nationals in Italy (1)

Jan 2013: 3,5 million

6 nationalities (Morocco, Albania, PRC, Ucraina, Moldova, India) represent 50%

Long-term residents (> 5 years of legally and continuously residence) are45% (1,6 million)

Source: Foreign citizens living in Italy, per country of origin (ISTAT, 2011)


Foreign nationals in italy 2

Foreign nationals in Italy (2)

Source: Foreign citizens living in Italy, per country of origin (ISTAT, 2011)


Hearing a more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants european economic and social committee

(EMI / IMMI) gration

IMMI

EMI

emigration FROM ITALY

Immigration IN ITALY

IMMI

EMI

years

EMI

IMMI

Law 91/1992 on citizenship

thousands


Hearing a more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants european economic and social committee

Us, now

National census2011

12.000 new Italian citizens in 2002

70.000 new Italian citizens in 2011

Census does not

Take it into accoun

Source: Dossier Caritas Migrantes, 2011


Hearing a more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants european economic and social committee

Active citizenship of second generations

Can the status quo bechanged?

Rete G2 – Seconde generazioni

National organization founded in 2005 by heirs of immigrants born and/or grown in Italy

Aim

Reform of the law regarding Italian citizenship towards a more inclusive model

Cultural evolution of Italian society

Method

Direct participation

Direct dialogue with institutions

Studying and analisying not only witness

www.secondegenerazioni.it


Hearing a more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants european economic and social committee

Active citizenship of second generations

The status quo can be changed!

Campaign “L’Italia sono anch’io”

19 organization from civil society

Campaigning for 2 law of popular initiative (minimum 50.000 signatures)

1. Reform of the citizenship law

2. Right to vote in local elections for foreign nationals

Resultas

50.000 signatures required richieste

Citizenship: 109.000 signatures

Local elections vote: 106.000 signatures

Delivered to the President of the Chamber of Deputies on 06/03/2012

www.litaliasonoanchio.it


Hearing a more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants european economic and social committee

Active citizenship of second generations

How to change the status quo!

Forte e chiaro

Quando e quanto?


Hearing a more inclusive citizenship open to immigrants european economic and social committee

Thank you for your attention

Ezequiel Iurcovich

[email protected]

+39-3386203229


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