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Topic 2.6 Why Not Settle Here?. Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 2205. If Europeans had been coming to Newfoundland for 300 years why was there no permanent settlement until the 1800s?. It wasn’t necessary to set up a colony for a summer fishery.

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Topic 2 6 why not settle here

Topic 2.6Why Not Settle Here?

Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 2205


If Europeans had been coming to Newfoundland for 300 years why was there no permanent settlement until the 1800s?


  • It wasn’t necessary to set up a colony for a summer fishery.

  • There was no work for people in the winter – any resources available were not yet ready to be exploited

  • Financially it made more sense for fishers to go back to Europe to find work during the “off-season.”

  • **** the wealth accumulated from the fishing resource was transferred back to the mother country. This left little or no “accumulation of capital back in Newfoundland and therefore no money to build infrastructure .

  • NOTE: this pattern was typical of the type of exploitation carried out by Europeans in other parts of the world in this period.



Planters
Planters former times, as a great ship moored near the Banks during the fishing season for the convenience of the English fishery….”

  • The first group of individuals who chose to settle in Newfoundland – either permanently or for a number of years – instead of returning to England.

  • These men tried to make a living through the “shore” fishery.

  • First census – 1675 – 1655 English settlers


Sponsored settlement
Sponsored Settlement former times, as a great ship moored near the Banks during the fishing season for the convenience of the English fishery….”

  • Cupids – John Guy’s colony – established 1610

  • Ferryland – Lord Baltimore’s propriety Colony of Avalon – established 1621

  • Plaisance (Placentia) – French colony – a garrison town – occupied 1662 – 1713

  • As investments these colonies failed ,however, they did contribute to permanent settlement and there has been continuous settlement in Cupids and Ferryland since they were established.


Questions
Questions former times, as a great ship moored near the Banks during the fishing season for the convenience of the English fishery….”

  • Page 149

  • 1,2, and 3


Changing lifestyles

Changing Lifestyles former times, as a great ship moored near the Banks during the fishing season for the convenience of the English fishery….”

Topic 2.7


Fishing servants
Fishing Servants former times, as a great ship moored near the Banks during the fishing season for the convenience of the English fishery….”

  • Laborious

  • Lived in the barracks/cookrooms of the merchants

  • Paid by being provided food and a place to sleep

  • A small wage may have been paid

  • Work

    • Worked throughout the spring and summer

    • Had to build the infrastructure when they arrived; stages, flakes, cookrooms, etc

    • Catching and curing fish; row to fishing grounds, fish until the boat was full, return to land, unload catch and process it…


New opportunities
New Opportunities former times, as a great ship moored near the Banks during the fishing season for the convenience of the English fishery….”

  • Fur trapping

  • Salmon fishing

  • Sealing

  • Small scale farming


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