Confederation to Constitution. Convention and Compromise. A Call for Change. Reasons for change boundary disputes between the states. poor foreign relations unpaid debts from the Revolutionary War falling crop prices left farmers impoverished
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Shay’s Rebellion (1786) – Farmers in Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays rebelled against high taxes. The rebellion was crushed, but caused people to realize the need for a more effective national government.
The Constitutional Convention – Philadelphia, May 1787
Leaders such as James Madison & Alexander Hamilton began to realize the need for a strong national government & called for a meeting in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation.
Consisted of 55 delegates from twelve states.
Average delegate was in his early 40s, three were under 30 & one, Ben Franklin, was over 80.
In 1787 less than 1 in a 1,000 men went to college. 26 out of 55 delegates had college degrees.
George Washington was unanimously chosen to lead the convention.
Each state received one vote & only a simple majority was required to make decisions.