Rank Ordering of Course Usefulness for Jobs. First Full-Time Job. Present Full-Time Job. Course. Ranking. Mean Rank. Ranking. Mean Rank. 1 2 3 4 5.5 5.5 7 8 9 10 11 12 13. 3.05 4.95 5.07 5.10 5.90 5.90 6.55 6.56 7.05 7.10 8.33 9.00 11.00. 1 6 4 2 3 8 7 5 9
Rank Ordering of Course Usefulness for Jobs
First Full-Time Job
Present Full-Time Job
Methods & Ethics
Advanced Social Psychology
Growth in I/O Programs From 1986 - 2004
Increase in doctoral programs: 47.7%
Increase in master’s programs:221.7%
Number of programs____________________________________________________Program
type 1986 2004___________________________________________
MA/MS I-O Psych 22 66
PhD I-O Psych 40 52
Some Reasons for Growth in I-O Psychology
Key Areas of Personnel Psychology
Knowledge Needed in Personnel Psychology
a) Director of the Bureau of Salesmanship Research at Carnegie Institute
b) Director of the Commission on the Classification Personnel in the Army
c) President of Northwestern University
Theory of Advertising (1903) || Psychology of Advertising (1910)
Influencing Men in Business (1911) || Personnel Management (1923)
Psychology of Advertising Theory and Practice (1921).
Walter Dill Scott
Walter Dill Scott Biography
a) Part of the team of psychologists that developed the Army Alpha and Beta tests during WWI
b) Was instrumental in developing intelligence and aptitude tests in industry
c) Began the department of Applied Psychology (Carnegie Institute of Technology 1915)
Walter Bingham Biography
Chair of the committee that created the Army Alpha and Beta intelligence tests during the First World War
b) Involved in the creation of the Yerkes-Bridges Point Scale of Intelligence (1915)
Founder of Scientific Management movement
a) Design of work methods (time & motion studies, tool design, standardization of work)
b) Rest periods and performance
c) Employee selection & training
Principles of Scientific Management (1911)
Influences on the field of I-O Psychology
World War I:
Members of the Committee on the Psychological Examination of Recruits
Sample Items from the 1917 Version of the Woodworth Data Sheet
6: Do you have too many sexual dreams?
29: Have you ever lost your memory for a time?
31: Were you happy when 14 to 18 years old?
38: Has your family always treated you right?
42: Do people find fault with you more than you deserve? 44: Did you ever make love to a girl?
48: Do you think drinking has hurt you?
50: Do you think you have hurt yourself by going too much with women?
52: Did you ever think you had lost your manhood?
53: Have you ever had any great mental shock?
54: Have you ever seen a vision?
57: Have you ever felt as if someone was hypnotizing you and making you act against your will?
58: Have you ever been bothered by the feeling that people are reading your thoughts?
62: Are you troubled with the fear of being crushed in a crowd?
81: Do you find it difficult to pass urine in the presence of others?
113: Can you stand pain quietly?
115: Can you stand disgusting smells?
Between the 1st & 2nd World Wars
World War II:
Some Issues in I-O Psychology
Limited attention to research and practice in other countries
Focus on the perceived needs and concerns of management
Relative lack of applied training within I-O doctoral programs
Use of techniques without proof of adequate psychometric properties
e) Differences between I-O researchers and practitioners