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Congress: Filibuster, Redistricting. 10/10/07. Electing Representatives. Reapportionment Redistricting. Reapportionment. The process of re-dividing the 435 seats of the United States House of Representatives, based upon each state\'s proportion of the national population.

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Presentation Transcript
electing representatives
Electing Representatives
  • Reapportionment
  • Redistricting
reapportionment
Reapportionment
  • The process of re-dividing the 435 seats of the United States House of Representatives, based upon each state\'s proportion of the national population.
  • The preceding census is the baseline for determining how many House seats are allotted to each state.
redistricting
Redistricting
  • The process by which the boundaries of state legislative districts and United States House districts are drawn to reflect population shifts.
  • Each state has a different method for redistricting.
issues in redistricting
Issues in Redistricting
  • Gerrymandering
  • Geopolitical concerns
  • Minority voting strength
  • Equal Representation
gerrymandering
Gerrymandering
  • The manipulation of electoral districts is known as gerrymandering.
geopolitical concerns
Geopolitical Concerns
  • In 1842, the Reapportionment Act required that congressional districts be contiguous and compact.

Irregular

Good

Compactness

Contiguity

minority voting strength
Minority Voting Strength
  • Minority dilution
    • Weakening of the minority vote in an existing district by splitting the minority vote among multiple new districts.
    • Outlawed by the 1965 Voting Rights Act
  • Minority packing
    • Taking existing minorities from multiple districts and packing them into one new district.
    • Court cases have ruled against these districts.
    • But racial gerrymandering still occurs.
equal representation
Equal Representation
  • In 1962, the Supreme Court ruled that districts must follow the principle of "one man, one vote”
  • Each district should have 646,952 residents
  • Difficult to achieve in states with one representative (Ex: Montana)
but one man one vote does not hold in the senate
But “One Man, One Vote” Does Not Hold in the Senate
  • Residents in low population states receive more representation:
    • Sen. Feinstein (CA) represents 35 million people
    • Sen. Enzo (WY) represents 500,000 people
  • Minorities under-represented:
    • 26 smallest states (in terms of population) have 11% of the nation’s African-American and Latino residents
    • The 9 largest (population) states have a majority of ALL people in the nation and 30% of the African-American and Latino population.
  • Is there a principle that justifies entitlement to extra representation for some groups?
in washington state
In Washington State
  • Until 1985, redistricting happened through legislative action
  • Legislature refused to redistrict through the 1970s
  • Court-imposed redistricting in 1972
  • Since 1990s, independent, bipartisan commission does redistricting
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