United states constitution
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United States Constitution. Think Tank. Why do you think the Constitution is so important to the United States? Is the Constitution still alive today?. Virginia Plan. Written by James Madison Separation of Powers Executive branch Legislative branch Judicial branch

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United States Constitution

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United states constitution

United States Constitution


Think tank

Think Tank

Why do you think the Constitution is so important to the United States?

Is the Constitution still alive today?


Virginia plan

Virginia Plan

  • Written by James Madison

  • Separation of Powers

    • Executive branch

    • Legislative branch

    • Judicial branch

  • Gave more power to state gov.

  • Bicameral legislature

  • Representatives based on population


James madison

James Madison

  • Did not pan out as a soldier

  • Known for the Virginia Plan

  • Federalist

  • Secretary State under Jefferson

  • 4th President of the United States


New jersey plan

New Jersey Plan

  • Written by William Paterson

  • Gave more power to national gov.

  • Unicameral legislature

  • Equal representation


The great compromise

The Great Compromise

Combined the two plans

  • Bicameral legislature

    • Upper & Lower house

  • Upper House- equal number of reps

  • Lower House- reps based on population


Compromise on slavery

Compromise on slavery

  • Slaves accounted for 30-40% of some southern states

    • Increase the amount of reps/votes for that state

    • Increase taxes as well, higher population=more taxes

  • What do you do?


Three fifths compromise

Three-Fifths Compromise

Agreed that:

  • All whites would count

  • plus ⅗ of the slave population

    What else?

  • Constitution banned the slave trade after 20 years (Is this a problem?)

  • Slaves who fled had to be returned if captured


Starter november 21

Starter November 21

What is a principle?


Principle

Principle

  • Basic rule that guides and influences thought or action

  • Fundamental truth

  • Guide our decision making


Think tank1

Think Tank

  • Why do people live by basic principles?

  • How do those principles affect your everyday actions?


7 principles

7 Principles

1. Limited Government

2. Judicial Review

3. Checks and Balances

4. Federalism

5. Separation of Powers

6. Popular Sovereignty

7. Individual Rights


1 limited government

1. Limited Government

  • General rule of constitutionalism

  • Government has limited power over its citizens

  • Rights and liberties are protected against government power

  • Why do we want a limited gov?


2 judicial review

2. Judicial Review

  • Courts decide if the gov. acts violate constitution

  • Part of Checks and Balances

  • Where did Judicial Review come from?


Marbury v madison

Marbury v. Madison

  • Pres. John Adams appointed Justices of the Piece 1 day before Thomas Jefferson took office

  • Adam’s way of still being in control

  • Jefferson refused to honor them

  • William Marbury was suppose to be appointed


Marbury v madison1

Marbury v. Madison

Marshall’s Decision

  • Not to issue the appointments

  • The Supreme Court has the authority to review acts of Congress and determine whether they are unconstitutional and therefore void


3 checks and balances

3. Checks and Balances

  • Each of the three branches of government exercises some control over the others, sharing power among them

  • Why do we have checks and balances?


4 federalism

4. Federalism

  • Federal gov. and the state gov. share power

    • Delegated Powers

    • Concurrent Powers

    • Reserved Powers

  • Produces a dual form of gov.


Federalism cont

Federalism cont.

  • The National Government provides protection from harm for the entire country


Federalism cont1

Federalism cont.

  • State governments provide protection from harm within State borders


5 separation of powers

5. Separation of Powers

  • Each branch is independent

  • Has a separate function

  • May not take the functions of another branch


6 popular sovereignty

6. Popular Sovereignty

  • Power flows from the people

  • Flows to their representatives

  • The legitimacy of the state is created by the consent of the people

  • Republicanism


Republicanism

Republicanism

  • People vote for people to represent their views

  • Why are governments set up like this?

  • Do you do this?


7 individual rights

7. Individual Rights

  • Unalienable rights guaranteed to all citizens

  • Not granted by government

  • What are some of these rights?


Rights

Rights

  • Freedom of speech, religion, and press

  • Freedom from unreasonable searches

  • Individual rights also encompass political, economic and civil rights

    • Right to assemble freely, to petition government, to own and use property, and to vote


Critical thinking 11 25

Critical Thinking- 11/25

In what ways do the Constitutional principles imbedded in our founding document ensure the people’s rights will be protected?


Delegated powers

Delegated Powers

  • Granted to the Fed. Gov. by the Constitution

  • Article 1, section 8

  • Only powers that the Federal Gov. has

  • List of powers


The powers

The Powers

  • Power to lay/collect taxes

  • To pay the debts, provide for the common defense & general welfare of the United States


Reserved powers

Reserved Powers

  • Powers not delegated to the U.S. by the Constitution

  • Reserved to the States

  • Where can you find this> 10th Amendment


Reserved powers1

Reserved Powers

Do two things:

1. Necessary rule of construction

2. Reaffirms the federal system


Quote from john marshall

Quote From John Marshall

Chief Justice John Marshall wrote in Marbury v. Madison, "the powers of the national legislature are defined, and limited; and that those limits may not be mistaken or forgotten, the constitution is written."


Concurrent powers

Concurrent Powers

What are Concurrent Powers?


Concurrent powers1

Concurrent Powers

  • The concurrent powers are those powers that both the National Government and the States possess and exercise

  • Levy and collect taxes, to define crimes and set punishments for them, and to condemn (take) private property for public use


Concurrent powers2

Concurrent Powers

  • Powers that the Constitution does not grant exclusively to the National Government and that, at the same time, does not deny to the States


John marshall

John Marshall

  • Captain in the Continental Army

  • Had a law firm

  • Wrote the official biography of George Washington

  • Tried Aaron Burr

  • Was in a stagecoach accident

    Back


The preamble

The Preamble

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


Breaking it down

Breaking it down

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


We the people of the united states

We the People of the United States

  • Everyone is included

  • The Constitution was written for all

  • Everyone has a say

  • Example- family making rules


Who was writing

Who was writing?

  • Elite group of men

  • Was the entire country made up of these kind of men?


In order to form a more perfect union

In Order to form a more perfect Union

  • Trying to create something that is near perfect

  • Better than the A.o.C.

  • How can you fix it if it is not perfect?


Establish justice

Establish Justice

  • Trying to establish fairness

  • They did not have justice before

  • Equal privileges and punishments for everyone


Insure domestic tranquility

Insure domestic Tranquility

  • Rebellions before the Constitution

  • Wanted to stop the fighting

  • Create a safe place

  • Peaceful


Provide for the common defense

Provide for the common defense

  • Native Americans & other countries to the West

  • High chance of an attack

  • The states could not repel an attack

  • United front

  • Give everyone protection


Promote the general welfare

Promote the general Welfare

  • Trying to make life better

  • Forming a fair gov.

  • Help everyone

  • Care for those in need

  • What did the Framers have in mind here?


What did the framers have in minds

What did the Framers have in Minds?

  • Expansion of land holdings

  • Industry

    • Industrial Revolution

  • Investment


Secure the blessings of liberty

Secure the blessings of liberty...

  • Being free

  • Not governed by a monarch

  • Ensured everyone had a better life, including generations to come


Establish this constitution

Establish this Constitution...

  • Sums everything up

  • Names the document

  • Re-Establishing the United States

  • Takes the place of anything that came before it

  • Very important


Bill of rights

Bill of Rights


Bill of rights1

Bill of Rights

  • First 10 Amendments to the Constitution

  • Written by James Madison

  • Several states wanted this

    • Would not ratify the Constitution


Argument

Argument

  • Federalists argued that no Bill of Rights was needed

  • Anti-federalist wanted it as a safeguard individual liberties


The story

The Story

  • Madison started to change the Constitution

  • Some representatives argued that the Constitution should not be changed

  • Decided to add the changes after Article 7


Bill of rights2

Bill of Rights

  • Limits gov. power

  • List of Individual liberties

  • Ratified December 15, 1791


Amendment 1

Amendment 1

  • Freedom of religion, speech, the press

  • Peacefully assemble, petition the gov


Amendment 2

Amendment 2

  • Maintain a well regulated militia

  • Keep and bear arms


Amendment 3

Amendment 3

  • No soldiers should be quartered in a time of peace, nor during war

  • Except when prescribed by the law


Amendment 4

Amendment 4

  • No unreasonable searches and seizures

  • No warrants be issued w/o probable cause


Amendment 5

Amendment 5

  • No double jeopardy

  • Cannot be compelled to be a witness against yourself

  • Cannot be deprived of life, liberty, or property

  • Private property cannot be taken for public use, without just compensation


Amendment 6

Amendment 6

  • Right to a speedy and public trial

  • Confronted with the witnesses against him


Amendment 7

Amendment 7

  • Controversy over $20 shall go to a trial by jury


Amendment 8

Amendment 8

  • Excessive bail shall not be required

  • Excessive fines will not be imposed

  • Cruel and unusual punishment will not be inflicted


Amendment 9

Amendment 9

  • There are other rights that exist aside from the ones mentioned in the Bill of Rights


Amendment 10

Amendment 10

  • Any power not given to the Federal gov. is given to the people


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