CHAPTER 4: APPLICATION OF LAW. 4. Using Case Law. Court Hierarchy. Part One: The Court Structure. Federal Court Hierarchy. New York Court Hierarchy. Part Two: Understanding Precedent. Making A Decision . In order to make a decision, the court must follow the law : Constitutional law
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… It is well settled that police officers, in order to legally forcibly stop and seize an individual, must have articulable, reasonable suspicion that the individual was involved in criminal activity (see People v DeBour, 40 NY2d 210, 223 ; People v McNair, 36 AD3d 1073, 1074 , lv. denied 9 NY3d 847 ). A seizure occurs when there is “a significant interruption with an individual’s liberty of movement” (People v DeBour, 40 NY2d at 216; see People v Ocasio, 85 NY2d 982, 984 ).