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1. American History Part I
The Founding of the Nation
2. Earliest Beginnings 1607 Jamestown, Virginia founded
Three ships left England December, 1606
Arrived in Chesapeake Bay April 1607
May 13, 1607, 104 men and boys started constructing an English settlement
3. Replicas of the three ships
4. Entering a replica of the early Jamestown fort
5. Demonstrating cooking
6. Earliest Beginnings-II Nov. 11, 1620 the ship Mayflower reached Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
It was bound for Virginia, but was blown off course.
102 men, women, and children started the colony at what eventually became Plymouth, Massachusetts.
7. Schematic of the Mayflower
8. Replica of the Mayflower
9. An actor portraying a crewman told interesting stories about the voyage
10. Replica of the Plymouth settlement in the early years
11. A Plymouth home
12. More Colonies Added
13. Disputes with England arose High taxes
No representation in government
Harsh trade regulations
Over the next hundred years, the relationship between the colonies and England deteriorated. This led to the desire to be independent.
14. War of Independence 1767 – Boston massacre, violence between civilians and British soldiers
1773 – Boston tea party, patriots stormed British ships and dumped tea into the harbor
1775 – Battle of Lexington and Concord between local militia and British soldiers
July 4, 1776 – signing of the Declaration of Independence
1777-1780 – British fought back; not going well for the patriots
1781 – decisive victory for the patriots, with French help, at Yorktown
1783 – Treaty of Paris granted formal independence and sovereignty to the colonies
“Patriots” are the people in the colonies who wanted independence from England
“Sovereign” means govern yourselves
16. Forming a New Government 1781 – 1788, the U.S. was essentially a federation of largely independent states. This did not work well.
1787, Constitutional Convention formed to draw up a new constitution with a more powerful national government. This led to the U.S. Constitution, which was ratified by the 13 states in 1788 and 1789.
17. Discussion Activity Working in groups, prepare a short report on one major event in Chinese history.
When did it occur?
Why was it significant?
Who were the important people involved?
“Significant” means “important”