Understanding Psychology. Unit 1 Chapters 1 & 2. Behaviorist – psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn or modify their behavior based on their responses to events in the environment Central tendency – number that describes something about the averaged score of a distribution
Chapters 1 & 2
Inferential Statistics: numerical methods used to determine whether research data support a hypothesis or whether results were due to chance
Introspection: a method of self-observation in which participants report their thoughts and feelings
Ok Ladies…Its time for a little introspection. Let’s learn more about ourselves!
--Helga, The Fat of the Land
Goals of Psychology
Stanley Milgram conducted an experiment to see whether participants would administer painful shocks to others merely because an authority figure instructed them to. He gathered 2,000 male volunteers and introduced them to a person posing as a “learner. The volunteers were told that the learner had memorized a list of paired words which they would recite and for every mistake the volunteer was told to push a button which would administer a painful shock. The shocks were false but the volunteers didn’t know that, because the “learners” displayed distress and pain, screaming and begging for the shocks to be stopped. Surprisingly, 62% of the volunteers delivered a full range of electric shock to the learners. OUCH!
What is the difference between basic and applied science? Give an example for each.
Basic science is the pursuit of knowledge about natural phenomena for its own sake. Applied science is discovering ways to accomplish practical ways. So…..
Basic science is research and studying material…
Applied science is how you use the information you’ve learned about to improve something…like the field of psychology…
Why are there so many fields of research within psychology?
There are so many different types of psychologist such as clinical psychologists, counseling psychologist, psychiatry, developmental psychology, educational psychology, community psychology, and industrial psychology. All of these different occupations has a different field of study, but all of them are within psychology. Psychology can be applied in just about every occupation if you are dealing with people.
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