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ADEA’s 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa Beyond primary education : Challenges and approaches for expanding learning opportunities in Africa. Session 1: Introductory Presentations Dakar +7 Report: Top priority for integrated sector-wide policies Education Sector Analysis Pole UNESCO-BREDA

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ADEA’s 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond primary education :

Challenges and approaches for expanding learning opportunities in Africa

Session 1: Introductory Presentations

Dakar +7 Report: Top priority for integrated sector-wide policies

Education Sector Analysis Pole

UNESCO-BREDA

[email protected]

www.poledakar.org

Au delà de l’éducation primaire : Défis et approches pour étendre les opportunités d’apprentissage en AfriqueAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education

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ADEA’s 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond primary education :

Challenges and approaches for expanding learning opportunities in Africa

The issues

  • Apart from providing support to the national teams for carrying out sector-wide diagnosis, the Dakar node (Pôle de Dakar) is mandated to monitor educational polices in Africa (statistical monitoring, analyses, reference points for action)
  • It does this regularly by mobilising ISU data, information collected during national sector-wide analyses, and through the use of available surveys (household, employment,…)

Au delà de l’éducation primaire : Défis et approches pour étendre les opportunités d’apprentissage en AfriqueAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education

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ADEA’s 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond primary education :

Challenges and approaches for expanding learning opportunities in Africa

Scope of the analysis

  • Trends compared 1990-2000-2005…
      • institutional context (national and international)
      • enrolment (access, retention, completion at the different levels of education)
  • Mobilisation of information on quality, internal and external effectiveness, funding
  • Simulation of changes in enrolment indicators for 2015-2020

Au delà de l’éducation primaire : Défis et approches pour étendre les opportunités d’apprentissage en AfriqueAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education

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ADEA’s 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond primary education :

Challenges and approaches for expanding learning opportunities in Africa

  • Major institutional changes
  • Unprecedented progress towards achieving UPE
  • A general problem of quality of learning, though this can be solved, as far as quantity/quality arbitration is concerned
  • Pressure on Post Primary Education (PPE) for which reform was postponed.
  • At present pace and cost, potential growth in PPE may be difficult to sustain

Key outcomes

Au delà de l’éducation primaire : Défis et approches pour étendre les opportunités d’apprentissage en AfriqueAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education

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ADEA’s 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond primary education :

Challenges and approaches for expanding learning opportunities in Africa

  • External effectiveness of PPE poor since it is often far removed from the true picture of the markets
  • Inequitable and inefficient mode of funding
    • Individual gain from public resources is socially uneven as it increases with the length of time spent in schools
    • The share of private funding is greater for basic education levels
    • In PPE, undifferentiated public funding enhances imbalances

Key outcomes (cont’d)

Au delà de l’éducation primaire : Défis et approches pour étendre les opportunités d’apprentissage en AfriqueAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education

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ADEA’s 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond primary education :

Challenges and approaches for expanding learning opportunities in Africa

  • Success in achieving UPE underscores the urgent need for integrated sector-wide policies
  • No new phase, a continuation of the previoius phase, but a change of ambition for Educational Systems (ES),which demands that the following be taken into account:
      • Consolidation of a qualitative UPE
      • Deep reform of PPE
      • Arbitration that guarantees the financial and social sustainability of these policies within an adapted time-table

Major lessons learnt

Au delà de l’éducation primaire : Défis et approches pour étendre les opportunités d’apprentissage en AfriqueAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education

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ADEA’s 2008 Biennale on Education in Africa

Beyond primary education :

Challenges and approaches for expanding learning opportunities in Africa

Conclusions

  • New consensus to be built on more complex arbitrations (consensus on UPE was easy to achieve)
  • Contents, orientation of flows, funding to be determined taking the collective interest into account
  • These new projects will benefit from the changes in practices that have attended the progress towards achieveing UPE
  • But will require new tools of intervention and dialogue

Au delà de l’éducation primaire : Défis et approches pour étendre les opportunités d’apprentissage en AfriqueAssociation for the Development of Education in Africa (ADEA)Biennale 2008 on Post-Primary Education

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