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CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS

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CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. Chapter 3. Learning Targets. I can discuss how the USC created a system of checks and balances I can explain how the power to govern is divided between the federal and state governments. Our system of checks and balances. Branches of Government.

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Presentation Transcript
learning targets
Learning Targets
  • I can discuss how the USC created a system of checks and balances
  • I can explain how the power to govern is divided between the federal and state governments
branches of government
Branches of Government
  • At the time of the drafting of the USC there WAS NOT a country that had a system of checks and balances
  • LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
    • Headed by Congress at the federal level
    • Equal representation
      • Worries
        • Small populated states
          • Lose independency
        • Large populated states
          • Over thrown by the smaller states
      • SOLUTION
        • Senate and the House of Representatives
          • Two members from each state in the Senate
          • Number would be proportionate to the population
branches of government1
Branches of Government
  • At the time of the drafting of the USC there WAS NOT a country that had a system of checks and balances
  • EXECUTIVE BRANCH
    • Headed by the President and Vice President
      • Elected by a vote of the people
  • JUDICIAL BRANCH
    • Headed by the Supreme Court
    • Decide the constitutionality of a statute passed
    • Decides if decisions by the President stay within his scope of authority
changing the constitution
Changing the Constitution
  • Amendment – change or alteration
  • The USC can be amended in two ways:
    • It is proposed by 2/3 majority vote in both the Senate/House
    • Legislatures of 2/3 of states call a convention of the states
  • Under either method, the amendment becomes a valid part of the USC if
    • it is ratified by the legislatures of ¾ or
    • it is ratified by conventions in ¾ of the states
our form of government
Our Form of Government
  • Democracy
    • Every adult citizen may vote in all issues
    • Virtually impossible to happen – WHY?
  • Republic
    • Voters select their representatives to the legislative, executive, and judicial branches
    • The ultimate power resides in the people
      • It shows up in our power to vote
does the federal government have total governing power
Does the federal government have total governing power?
  • Sovereignty of the states
    • Tenth Amendment
      • State Powers
      • Federal Government
    • Sovereignty - - freedom from external control
    • States regulate intrastate commerce
  • Powers of the federal government
    • Protects states from invasion
    • Raise $$$$$ to support military - - armies
    • Regulate interstate commerce
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