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CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS. Chapter 3. Learning Targets. I can discuss how the USC created a system of checks and balances I can explain how the power to govern is divided between the federal and state governments. Our system of checks and balances. Branches of Government.

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Learning targets
Learning Targets

  • I can discuss how the USC created a system of checks and balances

  • I can explain how the power to govern is divided between the federal and state governments



Branches of government
Branches of Government

  • At the time of the drafting of the USC there WAS NOT a country that had a system of checks and balances

  • LEGISLATIVE BRANCH

    • Headed by Congress at the federal level

    • Equal representation

      • Worries

        • Small populated states

          • Lose independency

        • Large populated states

          • Over thrown by the smaller states

      • SOLUTION

        • Senate and the House of Representatives

          • Two members from each state in the Senate

          • Number would be proportionate to the population


Branches of government1
Branches of Government

  • At the time of the drafting of the USC there WAS NOT a country that had a system of checks and balances

  • EXECUTIVE BRANCH

    • Headed by the President and Vice President

      • Elected by a vote of the people

  • JUDICIAL BRANCH

    • Headed by the Supreme Court

    • Decide the constitutionality of a statute passed

    • Decides if decisions by the President stay within his scope of authority


Changing the constitution
Changing the Constitution

  • Amendment – change or alteration

  • The USC can be amended in two ways:

    • It is proposed by 2/3 majority vote in both the Senate/House

    • Legislatures of 2/3 of states call a convention of the states

  • Under either method, the amendment becomes a valid part of the USC if

    • it is ratified by the legislatures of ¾ or

    • it is ratified by conventions in ¾ of the states


Our form of government
Our Form of Government

  • Democracy

    • Every adult citizen may vote in all issues

    • Virtually impossible to happen – WHY?

  • Republic

    • Voters select their representatives to the legislative, executive, and judicial branches

    • The ultimate power resides in the people

      • It shows up in our power to vote


Does the federal government have total governing power
Does the federal government have total governing power?

  • Sovereignty of the states

    • Tenth Amendment

      • State Powers

      • Federal Government

    • Sovereignty - - freedom from external control

    • States regulate intrastate commerce

  • Powers of the federal government

    • Protects states from invasion

    • Raise $$$$$ to support military - - armies

    • Regulate interstate commerce


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