World Trade Indicators 2008 Time taken between the submission of an accepted customs declaration and customs clearance.', TEXTCOLOR, '#000000', WIDTH, 300, HEIGHT, 20, FGCOLOR, '#FFF9EE' target='_blank' rel='nofollow'>From port of discharge to consignee, best case = 10 percent of shipments.', TEXTCOLOR, '#000000', WIDTH, 300, HEIGHT, 20, FGCOLOR, '#FFF9EE' target='_blank' rel='nofollow'>The percentages reported in this column represent the proportion of respondents answering that a simple and inexpensive review procedure is available.', TEXTCOLOR, '#000000', WIDTH, 300, HEIGHT, 20, FGCOLOR, '#FFF9EE' target='_blank' rel='nofollow'>Total cost to transport and port services.', TEXTCOLOR, '#000000', WIDTH, 300, HEIGHT, 20, FGCOLOR, '#FFF9EE' target='_blank' rel='nofollow'>
Download
1 / 67

World Trade Indicators 2008 worldbank/wti2008 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 96 Views
  • Uploaded on

World Trade Indicators 2008 http://www.worldbank.org/wti2008. Ravindra A. Yatawara May 18 th - May 19 th to 2009 Geneva, Switzerland. Structure of WTI database: organizing for users. TRADE FACILITATION What gets measured, get managed Logistics Performance Index (LPI)

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' World Trade Indicators 2008 worldbank/wti2008' - majed


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

World Trade Indicators 2008http://www.worldbank.org/wti2008

Ravindra A. Yatawara

May 18th - May 19th to 2009

Geneva, Switzerland



TRADE FACILITATION

What gets measured, get managed

Logistics Performance Index (LPI)

Trading Across Borders- DB

Others Indicators-

e.g. Liner Shipping Connectivity Index


  • Thick borders imply high trade costs that:

    • constrain access to regional and global markets, and

    • lower competitiveness of firms and their scope to exploit scale and diversify

    • In Context of Global Economic Crisis

    • Trade Facilitation Reform seen as key to penetrating shrinking export markets



www.worldbank.org/lpi

Ranking and component

  • Logistics business environment and institutions

  • Performance data

    Available asrankings, maps, scorecards

    Contact: tradefacilitation@worldbank.org


  • Partnership with the private sector

  • Built on 5,500 country assessments by more than 800 logistics professionals worldwide:

    • Assessments from professionals outside the country, trading with it

    • Assessment of domestic business environment and institutions and time and cost data

    • Questionnaire designed with input from trade and logistics professionals

  • Primary data gathered for 150 countries



  • International LPI – respondents to evaluate their country of residence and eight countries they are dealing with on several logistics dimensions150 countries

  • - Score (1-5,best)

  • - Qualitative

  • - Based on respondents evaluating 8 countries they deal with


  • Efficiency of the clearance process

  • Quality of transport and IT infrastructure

  • Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments

  • Logistics competence and quality of logistics services

  • Tracking and tracing

  • Domestic logistics costs

  • Timeliness


  • DOMESTIC LPI performance - 100 countries

    1) Performance – Quantitative

    2) Environment & Institutions- Qualitative


  •  PERFORMANCE DATA FOR INDONESIA performance

  • Rate of physical inspection (%) _0.12

  • Customs clearance (days) 1.58

  • Lead time export, median case (days) 2.54

  • Lead time import, best case (days) 1.91

  • Lead time import, median case (days) 3.88

  • Number of border agencies exports 2.73

  • Number of border agencies imports 2.73

  • Possibility of a review procedure (%) 0.38

  • Typical charge for a 40-foot export container or a semi-trailer (US$) 266.00

  • Typical charge for a 40-foot import container or a semi-trailer (US$) 244.44


  • ENVIRONMENT & INSTITUTIONS performance

  • 5 choices from very high to very low

  • Reported as share that chose Very high/high

  • 1) logistic operational environment

  • 2) quality of infrastructure

  • 3) efficiency and effectiveness of processes

  • 4) level of competence of professions

  • 5) 3 Year evolution of business env, customs

  • 6) Incidence of informal payments, crime


LPI Ranking performancepresents performance scores of all countries on the LPI index, as well as on the seven key dimensions, in a sortable format


LPI Ranks performance




Key messages performance

Trade logistics performance is only as good as the weakest link

Predictability and reliability are as important as cost and speed

The LPI can assess your country’s bottlenecks and opportunities for reform – and where, if necessary, to direct “aid for trade”

The LPI can mobilize broad constituencies for reform


Key policy implications
Key Policy Implications performance

POLICY IMPLICATIONS

  • Expand the traditional reform agenda beyond customs reform and infrastructure development

  • Improve the quality of logistics services and increase border agency coordination

  • Embark on comprehensive reform—processes, services, and infrastructure—with broad public and private support

  • LPI as an preliminary indicator –

  • Pursue Trade and Transport Facilitation Audits (TTFA)  Develop National Logistics Strategies


  • LPI 2009 - performanceLAUNCHED May 12, 2009

  • Improvement in survey design

  • More explicit description of time to export/import

  • New module on customs

  • Domestic Logistics costs replaced with Implementation of Cargo Security Requirements

  • Results out end June /early July 2009


Trade Facilitation Indicator: performance

DOING BUSINESS (DB)

DB 2010 : Out Sept 2009


Doing Business: Quantitative measure of regulations for performance

  • Starting a business

  • Dealing with construction permits

  • Employing workers

  • Registering property

  • Getting credit

  • Protecting investors

  • Paying taxes

  • Trading across borders

  • Enforcing contracts

  • Closing a business

Source: World Bank Doing Business


Top 30 on the Ease of Doing Business - 2009 performance

Source: World Bank Doing Business


Top Reformers in 2007/2008 performance

Source: World Bank Doing Business


Top reformers by indicator performance

Source: World Bank Doing Business


Highlights of performanceDoing Business 2009

  • 239 reforms in 113 countries. Highest recorded in 6 years of Doing Business

  • Eastern Europe and Central Asia – 62 reforms in 23 of the 25 countries, 25% of the total recorded worldwide. Fastest reforming region.

    • 4 of top 10 reformers from Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  • Africa – 28 of 46 countries completing 58 reforms, highest rate of reform recorded in the region.

    • 3 of top 10 reformers from Africa

  • 1000 reforms recorded over past 6 reports, 174 informed by Doing Business

Source: World Bank Doing Business


Most popular reforms in 2007/2008 performance

Source: World Bank Doing Business


Doing business subcategory
Doing Business performanceSubcategory

TRADING ACROSS BORDERS


Doing business trading across borders rank 1 181 worst
Doing Business -Trading Across Borders (rank 1 – 181, worst)

  • Based on:

    • 1) Number of documents for import/export

    • 2) Time(in days) for import/export

    • 3) Cost(US $ per container) to import/export

      A higher rank is associated with a more favorable environment for trading across borders.

      Source: World Bank Doing Business


  • Time required to export and import

    • Obtaining all the documents

    • Inland transport

    • Customs clearance and inspections

    • Port and terminal handling

    • Does not include ocean transport time

  • Cost required to export and import (US $ per container)

    • Obtaining all the documents

    • Inland transport

    • Customs clearance and inspections

    • Port and terminal handling

    • Official costs only, no bribes or tariffs

  • Source: World Bank Doing Business


    Db trading across borders top 10 countries rank
    DB – Trading Across Borders: worst)Top 10 countries (rank)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Db trading across borders bottom 10 countries rank
    DB – Trading Across Borders: worst)Bottom 10 countries (rank)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Db trading across borders top 10 improvements
    DB – Trading Across Borders: worst)Top 10 Improvements

    Source: WTI 2008


    Db trading across borders top 10 slippages
    DB – Trading Across Borders: worst)Top 10 Slippages

    Source: WTI 2008


    Speeding trade – improving reforms across regions worst)

    Source: World Bank Doing Business


    Source worst): World Bank Doing Business


    Complementarities lpi db
    Complementarities LPI/DB worst)

    • Comparisons and overlaps

      • Limited correlation (at least with stringent tests: rank, partial) of main indicators (LPI and DB time X/M)

      • Different concepts of time to import and export, with huge discrepancies



    Other Trade Facilitation Indicators: worst)

    UNCTAD Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

    (0-100, best)

    Computed average index which combines the available information about a country’s maritime transport.

    For comparison purpose, maximum value of the LSCI is set to 100.

    Calculated as the un-weighted average of five components: ships, TEUs, companies, services, and maximum vessel size. Each one of the five components is indexed to assume a maximum value of 100 in 2004. Average of the five indexed components is again indexed so that its maximum value for 2004 is 100.

    Source: UNCTAD Transport Newsletter


    Unctad liner connectivity index top 10 countries highest indexes
    UNCTAD Liner Connectivity Index worst)Top 10 countries (highest indexes)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Total Freight Cost to US worst)

    (% of import value)

    Ratio of total freight charges and insurance costs to the net value of merchandise goods imports.

    Calculated at the origin of US ports and is reported as a percentage of import value.

    Includes all shipment through air, maritime and land freights but excludes domestic transportation costs between cities.

    Source: US International Trade Commission


    Total freight costs to us of import value top 10 countries lowest frequent charges
    Total Freight Costs to US ($ of import value) worst)Top 10 countries - Lowest Frequent Charges

    Source: WTI 2008


    Total freight costs to us of import value bottom 10 countries highest frequent charges
    Total Freight Costs to US ($ of import value) worst)Bottom 10 countries – Highest Frequent Charges

    Source: WTI 2008


    Air Freight Cost to US (% of import value) worst)

    Ratio of total air freight charges and insurance costs to the net value of merchandise goods imports.

    Calculated at the origin of US gateways, and is reported as a percentage of import value.

    Average Air Freight Rate reflects the costs of transport from the US main ports to the foreign coutnries at the US customs procedure.

    Source: US Department of Commerce, US Census Bureau. Us Imports of Merchandise


    Air freight costs to us of import value top 10 countries lowest frequent charges
    Air Freight Costs to US ($ of import value) worst)Top 10 countries - Lowest Frequent Charges

    Source: WTI 2008


    Air freight costs to us of import value bottom 10 countries highest frequent charges
    Air Freight Costs to US ($ of import value) worst)Bottom 10 countries - Highest Frequent Charges

    Source: WTI 2008


    Air Freight Cost from US (US$) worst)

    Reflects the DHL international United States outbound worldwide priority express rate for a 1 pound rate packages in current US dollars.

    Additional service charges, shipment value protection, and other surcharges are excluded.

    Source:DHL Published Tariff Guide on Domestic and Internaitonal Shipping Services


    Air freight costs from us us top countries lowest costs
    Air Freight Costs from US (US $) worst)Top countries – Lowest costs

    Source: WTI 2008


    Air freight costs from us us bottom 10 countries highest costs
    Air Freight Costs from US (US $) worst)Bottom 10 countries – Highest costs

    Source: WTI 2008


    Pump Price of Diesel Fuel worst)

    (US $ per Liter)

    Reflects the prices at the pump for the most widely sold diesel fuel within the country.

    Prices have been converted from the local currency to US dollars.

    Source: International Fuel prices 2005 or World Bank WDI database


    Unctad liner connectivity index top 10 countries lowest prices
    UNCTAD Liner Connectivity Index worst)Top 10 countries (lowest prices)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Electricity Cost for Industry worst)

    (US $ per kilowatt hour)

    Based on the information posted by the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy on the industry electricity prices per kilowatt-hour from 1997 to 2005 (in US Dollars). The per kilowatt-hour prices are based on the energy end-use prices including taxes, and are converted into US Dollars using the average exchange rate for the given years.

    Source: International Energy Agency for all years, and the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy for some additional countries in 2004.


    Electricity cost for industry us per kilowatt hour top 10 countries lowest cost
    Electricity Cost for Industry (US $ per kilowatt hour) worst) Top 10 countries (Lowest cost)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Telephones (fixed and mobile) per 100 inhabitants (%) worst)

    Total number of fixed telephone mainlines connecting a subscriber to the telephone exchange equipment and cellular mobile phone subscribers to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, measured per 1000 people.

    Source: World Bank WDI database or International Communication Union (ITU) database


    Telephones fixed and mobile per 100 inhabitants top 10 countries highest numbers
    Telephones (fixed and mobile) per 100 inhabitants (%) worst)- Top 10 countries (highest numbers)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Average Cost of a 3 Minute Call to US (US$) worst)

    Average cost of a peak rate 3-minute with the fixed line call from the country to the United States, in current US Dollars.

    Source: World Bank WDI database or International Communication Union (ITU) database


    Average cost of a 3 minute call to us us top 10 countries lowest cost
    Average Cost of a 3 Minute Call to US (US$) worst)Top 10 countries (Lowest cost)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Personal Computers per 100 inhabitants (%) worst)

    Number of self-contained computers designed for individuals users, measured per 1000 people.

    Source: World Bank WDI database or International Communication Union (ITU) database


    Personal computers per 100 inhabitants top 10 countries highest numbers
    Personal Computers per 100 inhabitants (%) – Top 10 countries (Highest numbers)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Internet Users per 100 inhabitants (%) countries (Highest numbers)

    Number of people with access to the worldwide network through a dial-up, leased, or broadband connection, measured per 1000 people.

    Source: World Bank WDI database or International Communication Union (ITU) database



    Secondary School Enrollment (%, gross) (highest numbers)

    Ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level fo education shown.

    Source:World Bank WDI database



    Tertiary School Enrollment (%, gross) (Highest ratios)

    Ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level fo education shown.

    Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.

    Source:World Bank WDI database



    ad