World Trade Indicators 2008 Time taken between the submission of an accepted customs declaration and customs clearance.', TEXTCOLOR, '#000000', WIDTH, 300, HEIGHT, 20, FGCOLOR, '#FFF9EE' target='_blank' rel='nofollow'>From port of discharge to consignee, best case = 10 percent of shipments.', TEXTCOLOR, '#000000', WIDTH, 300, HEIGHT, 20, FGCOLOR, '#FFF9EE' target='_blank' rel='nofollow'>The percentages reported in this column represent the proportion of respondents answering that a simple and inexpensive review procedure is available.', TEXTCOLOR, '#000000', WIDTH, 300, HEIGHT, 20, FGCOLOR, '#FFF9EE' target='_blank' rel='nofollow'>Total cost to transport and port services.', TEXTCOLOR, '#000000', WIDTH, 300, HEIGHT, 20, FGCOLOR, '#FFF9EE' target='_blank' rel='nofollow'>
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World Trade Indicators 2008 http://www.worldbank.org/wti2008. Ravindra A. Yatawara May 18 th - May 19 th to 2009 Geneva, Switzerland. Structure of WTI database: organizing for users. TRADE FACILITATION What gets measured, get managed Logistics Performance Index (LPI)

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World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

World Trade Indicators 2008http://www.worldbank.org/wti2008

Ravindra A. Yatawara

May 18th - May 19th to 2009

Geneva, Switzerland


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

Structure of WTI database: organizing for users


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

TRADE FACILITATION

What gets measured, get managed

Logistics Performance Index (LPI)

Trading Across Borders- DB

Others Indicators-

e.g. Liner Shipping Connectivity Index


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • Thick borders imply high trade costs that:

    • constrain access to regional and global markets, and

    • lower competitiveness of firms and their scope to exploit scale and diversify

    • In Context of Global Economic Crisis

    • Trade Facilitation Reform seen as key to penetrating shrinking export markets


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • The Challenge


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

www.worldbank.org/lpi

Ranking and component

  • Logistics business environment and institutions

  • Performance data

    Available asrankings, maps, scorecards

    Contact: [email protected]


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • Partnership with the private sector

  • Built on 5,500 country assessments by more than 800 logistics professionals worldwide:

    • Assessments from professionals outside the country, trading with it

    • Assessment of domestic business environment and institutions and time and cost data

    • Questionnaire designed with input from trade and logistics professionals

  • Primary data gathered for 150 countries


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • The survey uses an anonymous, web-based questionnaire asking respondents to evaluate their country of residence and eight countries they are dealing with on several logistics dimensions


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • International LPI – 150 countries

  • - Score (1-5,best)

  • - Qualitative

  • - Based on respondents evaluating 8 countries they deal with


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • The (International) LPI measures SEVEN dimensions of country performance

  • Efficiency of the clearance process

  • Quality of transport and IT infrastructure

  • Ease of arranging competitively priced shipments

  • Logistics competence and quality of logistics services

  • Tracking and tracing

  • Domestic logistics costs

  • Timeliness


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • DOMESTIC LPI - 100 countries

    1) Performance – Quantitative

    2) Environment & Institutions- Qualitative


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  •  PERFORMANCE DATA FOR INDONESIA

  • Rate of physical inspection (%) _0.12

  • Customs clearance (days) 1.58

  • Lead time export, median case (days) 2.54

  • Lead time import, best case (days) 1.91

  • Lead time import, median case (days) 3.88

  • Number of border agencies exports 2.73

  • Number of border agencies imports 2.73

  • Possibility of a review procedure (%) 0.38

  • Typical charge for a 40-foot export container or a semi-trailer (US$) 266.00

  • Typical charge for a 40-foot import container or a semi-trailer (US$) 244.44


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • ENVIRONMENT & INSTITUTIONS

  • 5 choices from very high to very low

  • Reported as share that chose Very high/high

  • 1) logistic operational environment

  • 2) quality of infrastructure

  • 3) efficiency and effectiveness of processes

  • 4) level of competence of professions

  • 5) 3 Year evolution of business env, customs

  • 6) Incidence of informal payments, crime


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

LPI Rankingpresents performance scores of all countries on the LPI index, as well as on the seven key dimensions, in a sortable format


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

LPI Ranks


Logistics gap across income groups

“Logistics gap” across income groups


Global perspective domestic lpi

Global Perspective –Domestic LPI


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

Key messages

Trade logistics performance is only as good as the weakest link

Predictability and reliability are as important as cost and speed

The LPI can assess your country’s bottlenecks and opportunities for reform – and where, if necessary, to direct “aid for trade”

The LPI can mobilize broad constituencies for reform


Key policy implications

Key Policy Implications

POLICY IMPLICATIONS

  • Expand the traditional reform agenda beyond customs reform and infrastructure development

  • Improve the quality of logistics services and increase border agency coordination

  • Embark on comprehensive reform—processes, services, and infrastructure—with broad public and private support

  • LPI as an preliminary indicator –

  • Pursue Trade and Transport Facilitation Audits (TTFA)  Develop National Logistics Strategies


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • LPI 2009 - LAUNCHED May 12, 2009

  • Improvement in survey design

  • More explicit description of time to export/import

  • New module on customs

  • Domestic Logistics costs replaced with Implementation of Cargo Security Requirements

  • Results out end June /early July 2009


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

Trade Facilitation Indicator:

DOING BUSINESS (DB)

DB 2010 : Out Sept 2009


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

Doing Business: Quantitative measure of regulations for

  • Starting a business

  • Dealing with construction permits

  • Employing workers

  • Registering property

  • Getting credit

  • Protecting investors

  • Paying taxes

  • Trading across borders

  • Enforcing contracts

  • Closing a business

Source: World Bank Doing Business


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

Top 30 on the Ease of Doing Business - 2009

Source: World Bank Doing Business


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

Top Reformers in 2007/2008

Source: World Bank Doing Business


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

Top reformers by indicator

Source: World Bank Doing Business


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

Highlights of Doing Business 2009

  • 239 reforms in 113 countries. Highest recorded in 6 years of Doing Business

  • Eastern Europe and Central Asia – 62 reforms in 23 of the 25 countries, 25% of the total recorded worldwide. Fastest reforming region.

    • 4 of top 10 reformers from Eastern Europe and Central Asia

  • Africa – 28 of 46 countries completing 58 reforms, highest rate of reform recorded in the region.

    • 3 of top 10 reformers from Africa

  • 1000 reforms recorded over past 6 reports, 174 informed by Doing Business

Source: World Bank Doing Business


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

Most popular reforms in 2007/2008

Source: World Bank Doing Business


Doing business subcategory

Doing Business Subcategory

TRADING ACROSS BORDERS


Doing business trading across borders rank 1 181 worst

Doing Business -Trading Across Borders (rank 1 – 181, worst)

  • Based on:

    • 1) Number of documents for import/export

    • 2) Time(in days) for import/export

    • 3) Cost(US $ per container) to import/export

      A higher rank is associated with a more favorable environment for trading across borders.

      Source: World Bank Doing Business


World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

  • Documents required to export and import

    • Bank documents

    • Customs clearance documents

    • Port and terminal handling documents

    • Transport documents

  • Time required to export and import

    • Obtaining all the documents

    • Inland transport

    • Customs clearance and inspections

    • Port and terminal handling

    • Does not include ocean transport time

  • Cost required to export and import (US $ per container)

    • Obtaining all the documents

    • Inland transport

    • Customs clearance and inspections

    • Port and terminal handling

    • Official costs only, no bribes or tariffs

  • Source: World Bank Doing Business


    Db trading across borders top 10 countries rank

    DB – Trading Across Borders: Top 10 countries (rank)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Db trading across borders bottom 10 countries rank

    DB – Trading Across Borders: Bottom 10 countries (rank)

    Source: WTI 2008


    Db trading across borders top 10 improvements

    DB – Trading Across Borders: Top 10 Improvements

    Source: WTI 2008


    Db trading across borders top 10 slippages

    DB – Trading Across Borders: Top 10 Slippages

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Speeding trade – improving reforms across regions

    Source: World Bank Doing Business


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Source: World Bank Doing Business


    Complementarities lpi db

    Complementarities LPI/DB

    • Comparisons and overlaps

      • Limited correlation (at least with stringent tests: rank, partial) of main indicators (LPI and DB time X/M)

      • Different concepts of time to import and export, with huge discrepancies


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Scatter plot of LPI AND DB (rank)- 2006

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Other Trade Facilitation Indicators:

    UNCTAD Liner Shipping Connectivity Index

    (0-100, best)

    Computed average index which combines the available information about a country’s maritime transport.

    For comparison purpose, maximum value of the LSCI is set to 100.

    Calculated as the un-weighted average of five components: ships, TEUs, companies, services, and maximum vessel size. Each one of the five components is indexed to assume a maximum value of 100 in 2004. Average of the five indexed components is again indexed so that its maximum value for 2004 is 100.

    Source: UNCTAD Transport Newsletter


    Unctad liner connectivity index top 10 countries highest indexes

    UNCTAD Liner Connectivity IndexTop 10 countries (highest indexes)

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Total Freight Cost to US

    (% of import value)

    Ratio of total freight charges and insurance costs to the net value of merchandise goods imports.

    Calculated at the origin of US ports and is reported as a percentage of import value.

    Includes all shipment through air, maritime and land freights but excludes domestic transportation costs between cities.

    Source: US International Trade Commission


    Total freight costs to us of import value top 10 countries lowest frequent charges

    Total Freight Costs to US ($ of import value) Top 10 countries - Lowest Frequent Charges

    Source: WTI 2008


    Total freight costs to us of import value bottom 10 countries highest frequent charges

    Total Freight Costs to US ($ of import value) Bottom 10 countries – Highest Frequent Charges

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Air Freight Cost to US (% of import value)

    Ratio of total air freight charges and insurance costs to the net value of merchandise goods imports.

    Calculated at the origin of US gateways, and is reported as a percentage of import value.

    Average Air Freight Rate reflects the costs of transport from the US main ports to the foreign coutnries at the US customs procedure.

    Source: US Department of Commerce, US Census Bureau. Us Imports of Merchandise


    Air freight costs to us of import value top 10 countries lowest frequent charges

    Air Freight Costs to US ($ of import value) Top 10 countries - Lowest Frequent Charges

    Source: WTI 2008


    Air freight costs to us of import value bottom 10 countries highest frequent charges

    Air Freight Costs to US ($ of import value) Bottom 10 countries - Highest Frequent Charges

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Air Freight Cost from US (US$)

    Reflects the DHL international United States outbound worldwide priority express rate for a 1 pound rate packages in current US dollars.

    Additional service charges, shipment value protection, and other surcharges are excluded.

    Source:DHL Published Tariff Guide on Domestic and Internaitonal Shipping Services


    Air freight costs from us us top countries lowest costs

    Air Freight Costs from US (US $)Top countries – Lowest costs

    Source: WTI 2008


    Air freight costs from us us bottom 10 countries highest costs

    Air Freight Costs from US (US $)Bottom 10 countries – Highest costs

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Pump Price of Diesel Fuel

    (US $ per Liter)

    Reflects the prices at the pump for the most widely sold diesel fuel within the country.

    Prices have been converted from the local currency to US dollars.

    Source: International Fuel prices 2005 or World Bank WDI database


    Unctad liner connectivity index top 10 countries lowest prices

    UNCTAD Liner Connectivity IndexTop 10 countries (lowest prices)

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Electricity Cost for Industry

    (US $ per kilowatt hour)

    Based on the information posted by the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy on the industry electricity prices per kilowatt-hour from 1997 to 2005 (in US Dollars). The per kilowatt-hour prices are based on the energy end-use prices including taxes, and are converted into US Dollars using the average exchange rate for the given years.

    Source: International Energy Agency for all years, and the Energy Information Administration of the US Department of Energy for some additional countries in 2004.


    Electricity cost for industry us per kilowatt hour top 10 countries lowest cost

    Electricity Cost for Industry (US $ per kilowatt hour) Top 10 countries (Lowest cost)

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Telephones (fixed and mobile) per 100 inhabitants (%)

    Total number of fixed telephone mainlines connecting a subscriber to the telephone exchange equipment and cellular mobile phone subscribers to a public mobile telephone service using cellular technology, measured per 1000 people.

    Source: World Bank WDI database or International Communication Union (ITU) database


    Telephones fixed and mobile per 100 inhabitants top 10 countries highest numbers

    Telephones (fixed and mobile) per 100 inhabitants (%)- Top 10 countries (highest numbers)

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Average Cost of a 3 Minute Call to US (US$)

    Average cost of a peak rate 3-minute with the fixed line call from the country to the United States, in current US Dollars.

    Source: World Bank WDI database or International Communication Union (ITU) database


    Average cost of a 3 minute call to us us top 10 countries lowest cost

    Average Cost of a 3 Minute Call to US (US$)Top 10 countries (Lowest cost)

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Personal Computers per 100 inhabitants (%)

    Number of self-contained computers designed for individuals users, measured per 1000 people.

    Source: World Bank WDI database or International Communication Union (ITU) database


    Personal computers per 100 inhabitants top 10 countries highest numbers

    Personal Computers per 100 inhabitants (%) – Top 10 countries (Highest numbers)

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Internet Users per 100 inhabitants (%)

    Number of people with access to the worldwide network through a dial-up, leased, or broadband connection, measured per 1000 people.

    Source: World Bank WDI database or International Communication Union (ITU) database


    Internet users per 100 inhabitants top 10 countries highest numbers

    Internet Users per 100 inhabitants (%) – Top 10 countries (highest numbers)

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Secondary School Enrollment (%, gross)

    Ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level fo education shown.

    Source:World Bank WDI database


    Secondary school enrollment gross top 10 countries highest ratios

    Secondary School Enrollment (%, gross) – Top 10 countries (Highest ratios)

    Source: WTI 2008


    World trade indicators 2008 worldbank wti2008

    Tertiary School Enrollment (%, gross)

    Ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level fo education shown.

    Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.

    Source:World Bank WDI database


    Tertiary school enrollment gross top 10 countries highest ratios

    Tertiary School Enrollment (%, gross) – Top 10 countries (Highest ratios)

    Source: WTI 2008


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