Constitution and Government. Mayflower Compact. The Compact is often described as America's first constitution, but it is not a constitution in the sense of being a fundamental framework of government. Provided self government and majority rule. The Articles of Confederation.
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I. Formed the first government of the U.S.
II. Was a loose alliance of independent States- gave some power to the central government but the States kept the greater part of the power
III. Reflected the colonists fears of a strong central government.
What fears did colonists have After fighting the Revolution?
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
A. The federal government could not enforce laws
B. The Federal Government could not collect taxes for defense
C. Federal government had no power to tax people
D. No single national currency- States had their own
E. The federal government could not control trade
F. Congress was not allowed to maintain an army- only States had militias
I. Federalists vs. Anti-federalists
A. Federalists: Favored ratification. Wanted a strong national government.
1. George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, Alexander Hamilton
B. Anti-federalists: opposed ratification and wanted a weak national government. Feared that a strong national government would threaten people’s rights.
C. These were the foundation for the first political parties.